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The Money Market- Macroeconomics 4.6
 
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In this video I explain the money market graph with the the demand and supply of money. The graph is used to show the idea of monetary policy and how changing the money supply effects interest rates. Thanks for watching. Please subscribe Macroeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnFv3d8qllI Microeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swnoF533C_c Watch Econmovies https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1oDmcs0xTD9Aig5cP8_R1gzq-mQHgcAH Follow me on Twitter https://twitter.com/acdcleadership
Views: 378876 Jacob Clifford
Money supply: M0, M1, and M2 | The monetary system | Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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Different ways of measuring the money supply Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/monetary-system-topic/factional-reserve-accounting/v/simple-fractional-reserve-accounting-part-1?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/monetary-system-topic/fractional-reserve-banking-tut/v/full-reserve-banking?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 349520 Khan Academy
The relationship between a nation's money supply and its inflation rate
 
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Inflation and a country's money supply. For www.inflateyourmind.com Unit 7, by John Bouman. Made with Explain Everything
Views: 4168 John Bouman
Quantity Theory of Money
 
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The quantity theory of money is an important tool for thinking about issues in macroeconomics. The equation for the quantity theory of money is: M x V = P x Y What do the variables represent? M is fairly straightforward – it’s the money supply in an economy. A typical dollar bill can go on a long journey during the course of a single year. It can be spent in exchange for goods and services numerous times. In the quantity theory of money, how many times an average dollar is exchanged is its velocity, or V. The price level of goods and services in an economy is represented by P. Finally, Y is all of the finished goods and services sold in an economy – aka real GDP. When you multiply P x Y, the result is nominal GDP. Actually, when you multiply M x V (the money supply times the velocity of money), you also get nominal GDP. M x V is equal to P x Y by definition – it’s an identity equation. You can think about the two sides of the equation like this: the left (M x V) covers the actions of consumers while the right (P x Y) covers the actions of producers. Since everything that is sold is bought by someone, these two sides will remain equal. Up next, we’ll use the quantity theory of money to discuss the causes of inflation. Subscribe for new videos every Tuesday! http://bit.ly/1Rib5V8 Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/1R1PL5x Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/2jvcIbq Next video: http://bit.ly/2k0ZCny
Causes of Inflation
 
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In the last video, we learned the quantity theory of money and its corresponding identity equation: M x V = P x Y For a quick refresher: ‌•M is the money supply. ‌•V is the velocity of money. ‌•P is the price level. ‌•And Y is the real GDP. In this video, we’re rewriting the equation slightly to divide both sides by Y and explore the causes behind inflation. What we discover is that a change in P has three possible causes – changes in M, V, or Y. You probably know that prices can change a lot, even over a short period of time. Y, or real GDP, tends to change rather slowly. Even a seemingly small jump or fall in Y, such as 10% in a year, would signal astonishing economic growth or a great depression. Y probably isn’t our usual culprit for inflation. V, or the velocity of money, also tends to be rather stable for an economy. The average dollar in the United States has a velocity of about 7. That may fall or rise slightly, but not enough to influence prices. That leaves us with M. Changes in the money supply are the driving factor behind inflation. Put simply, when more money chases the same amount of goods and services, prices must rise. Can we put this theory to the test? Let’s look at some real-world examples and see if the quantity theory of money holds up. In Peru in 1990, hyperinflation came into full swing. If we track the growth rate of the money supply to the growth rate of prices, we can see that they align almost perfectly on a graph with both clocking in around 6,000% that year. If we plot the growth rates of the money supply along with the growth rates of prices for a many countries over a long stretch of time, we can see the same relationship. We’ll wrap-up the causes of inflation with three principles to keep in mind as we continue exploring this topic: ‌•Money is neutral in the long run: a doubling of the money supply will eventually mean a doubling of the price level. ‌•“Inflation is always and everywhere a monetary phenomena.” – Milton Friedman ‌•Central banks have significant control over a nation’s money supply and inflation rate. Subscribe for new videos every Tuesday! http://bit.ly/1Rib5V8 Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/1R1PL5x Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/2jR4yKz Next video: http://bit.ly/2jTTTiW
The Money Multiplier
 
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When you deposit money into a bank, do you know what happens to it? It doesn’t simply sit there. Banks are actually allowed to loan out up to 90% of their deposits. For every $10 that you deposit, only $1 is required to stay put. This practice is known as fractional reserve banking. Now, it’s fairly rare for a bank to only have 10% in reserves, and the number fluctuates. Since checkable deposits are part of the U.S. money supplies, fractional reserve banking, as you might have guessed, can have a big impact on these supplies. This is where the money multiplier comes into play. The money multiplier itself is straightforward: it equals 1 divided by the reserve ratio. If reserves are at 10%, the minimum amount required by the Fed, then the money multiplier is 10. So if a bank has $1 million in checkable deposits, it has $10 million to work with for stuff like loans and reserves. Now, typically, the money multiplier is more like 3, because banks can always hold more in reserves than the minimum 10%. When the money multiplier is higher, like during a boom, this gives the Fed more leverage to move M1 and M2 with a small change in reserves. But when the multiplier is lower, such as during a recession, the Fed has less leverage and must push harder to wield its indirect influence over M1 and M2. Next up, we’ll take a closer look at how the Fed controls the money supply and how that has changed since the Great Recession. Subscribe for new videos every Tuesday! http://bit.ly/1Rib5V8 Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/2eHWWtC Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/2utp1IH Next video: http://bit.ly/2udpA7U
Money Growth and Inflation
 
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Video lecture
Views: 21079 ageconjon
What gives a dollar bill its value? - Doug Levinson
 
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View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-gives-a-dollar-bill-its-value-doug-levinson The value of money is determined by how much (or how little) of it is in circulation. But who makes that decision, and how does their choice affect the economy at large? Doug Levinson takes a trip into the United States Federal Reserve, examining how the people who work there aim to balance the value of the dollar to prevent inflation or deflation. Lesson by Doug Levinson, animation by Qa'ed Mai.
Views: 2065996 TED-Ed
Economic indicators and their impact on currencies | tradimo
 
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This video will introduce you to two of the most important economic indicators that drive the value of a currency: interest rates and inflation. Interest rates are one of the most important drivers of the forex markets. Inflation measures how quickly the prices of goods and services rise in a given period of time. Join tradimo.com and learn to trade for free. Read articles and watch live coachings to master your trading skills for free. We're a team of expert traders with the dream of building the best school and community for online trading. Learn to trade, invest and manage your personal finance: https://learn.tradimo.com/
Inflation and the Money Supply
 
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How money supply affects Inflation. http://inflationdata.com/Inflation/Inflation_Rate/CurrentInflation.asp As the money supply grows it dilutes the purchasing power of the original currency so each dollar buys less or in other words prices go up or are "inflated". At InflationData we track not only the Government inflation estimates but also inflation information from independent sources like Gallup and the Billion Price Project. We calculate inflation to two decimal places while the government only tracks it to a single decimal place thus our numbers provide a "finer view" and may help to determine turning points quicker. We also present charts of inflation adjusted prices such as Oil, Gasoline, Natural Gas, Electricity, Gold and the NYSE and NASDAQ. By looking at the inflation adjusted prices you can tell how price increases relate to overall price increases due to increases in the money supply i.e. monetary inflation compared to prices increasing due to normal supply and demand issues.
Views: 7638 Tim McMahon
What is NEUTRALITY OF MONEY? What does NEUTRALITY OF MONEY mean? NEUTRALITY OF MONEY meaning
 
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What is NEUTRALITY OF MONEY? What does NEUTRALITY OF MONEY mean? NEUTRALITY OF MONEY meaning - NEUTRALITY OF MONEY definition - NEUTRALITY OF MONEY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Neutrality of money is the idea that a change in the stock of money affects only nominal variables in the economy such as prices, wages, and exchange rates, with no effect on real variables, like employment, real GDP, and real consumption. Neutrality of money is an important idea in classical economics and is related to the classical dichotomy. It implies that the central bank does not affect the real economy (e.g., the number of jobs, the size of real GDP, the amount of real investment) by printing money. Instead, any increase in the supply of money would be offset by a proportional rise in prices and wages. This assumption underlies some mainstream macroeconomic models (e.g., real business cycle models). Others like monetarism view money as being neutral only in the long-run. When neutrality of money coincides with zero population growth, the economy is said to rest in steady-state equilibrium.:41-43 Superneutrality of money is a stronger property than neutrality of money. It holds that not only is the real economy unaffected by the level of the money supply but also that the rate of money supply growth has no effect on real variables. In this case, nominal wages and prices remain proportional to the nominal money supply not only in response to one-time permanent changes in the nominal money supply but also in response to permanent changes in the growth rate of the nominal money supply. Typically superneutrality is addressed in the context of long-run models. According to Don Patinkin, the concept of monetary neutrality goes back as far as David Hume. The term itself was first used by continental economists beginning at the turn of the 20th century, and exploded as a special topic in the English language economic literature upon Friedrich Hayek's introduction of the term and concept in his famous 1931 LSE lectures published as Prices and Production. Keynes rejected neutrality of money both in the short term and in the long term. Many economists maintain that money neutrality is a good approximation for how the economy behaves over long periods of time but that in the short run monetary-disequilibrium theory applies, such that the nominal money supply would affect output. One argument is that prices and especially wages are sticky (because of menu costs, etc.), and cannot be adjusted immediately to an unexpected change in the money supply. An alternative explanation for real economic effects of money supply changes is not that people cannot change prices but that they do not realize that it is in their interest to do so. The bounded rationality approach suggests that small contractions in the money supply are not taken into account when individuals sell their houses or look for work, and that they will therefore spend longer searching for a completed contract than without the monetary contraction. Furthermore, the floor on nominal wages changes imposed by most companies is observed to be zero: an arbitrary number by the theory of monetary neutrality but a psychological threshold due to money illusion. Neutrality of money has been a central question for monetarism. The most important answers were elaborated within the framework of the Phillips curve. Milton Friedman, assuming adaptive expectations, distinguished a series of short-run Phillips curves and a long-run one, where the short-run curves were supposed to be the conventional, negatively sloped curves, while the long-run curve was actually a vertical line indicating the natural rate of unemployment. According to Friedman, money was not neutral in the short run, because economic agents, confused by the money illusion, always respond to changes in the money supply. If the monetary authority chooses to increase the stock of money and, hence, the price level, agents will be never able to distinguish real and nominal changes, so they will regard the increase in nominal wages as real modifications, so labour supply will also be boosted. However, this change is only temporary, since agents will soon realize the actual state of affairs. As the higher wages were accompanied by higher prices, no real changes in income occurred, that is, it was no need to increase the labour supply. In the end, the economy, after this short detour, will return to the starting point, or in other words, to the natural rate of unemployment.
Views: 5822 The Audiopedia
Money supply | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Money supply Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= In economics, the money supply (or money stock) is the total value of monetary assets available in an economy at a specific time. There are several ways to define "money", but standard measures usually include currency in circulation and demand deposits (depositors' easily accessed assets on the books of financial institutions).Money supply data are recorded and published, usually by the government or the central bank of the country. Public and private sector analysts have long monitored changes in the money supply because of the belief that it affects the price level, inflation, the exchange rate and the business cycle.That relation between money and prices is historically associated with the quantity theory of money. There is strong empirical evidence of a direct relation between money-supply growth and long-term price inflation, at least for rapid increases in the amount of money in the economy. For example, a country such as Zimbabwe which saw extremely rapid increases in its money supply also saw extremely rapid increases in prices (hyperinflation). This is one reason for the reliance on monetary policy as a means of controlling inflation.The nature of this causal chain is the subject of contention. Some heterodox economists argue that the money supply is endogenous (determined by the workings of the economy, not by the central bank) and that the sources of inflation must be found in the distributional structure of the economy.In addition, those economists seeing the central bank's control over the money supply as feeble say that there are two weak links between the growth of the money supply and the inflation rate. First, in the aftermath of a recession, when many resources are underutilized, an increase in the money supply can cause a sustained increase in real production instead of inflation. Second, if the velocity of money (i.e., the ratio between nominal GDP and money supply) changes, an increase in the money supply could have either no effect, an exaggerated effect, or an unpredictable effect on the growth of nominal GDP.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
What's all the Yellen About? Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Crash Course Economics #10
 
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This week on Crash Course Economics, we're talking about monetary policy. The reality of the world is that the United States (and most of the world's economies) are, to varying degrees, Keynesian. When things go wrong, economically, the central bank of the country intervenes to try aand get things back on track. In the United States, the Federal Reserve is the organization that steps in to use monetary policy to steer the economy. When the Fed, as it's called, does step in, there are a few different tacks it can take. The Fed can change interest rates, or it can change the money supply. This is pretty interesting stuff, and it's what we're getting into today. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Fatima Iqbal, Penelope Flagg, Eugenia Karlson, Alex S, Jirat, Tim Curwick, Christy Huddleston, Eric Kitchen, Moritz Schmidt, Today I Found Out, Avi Yashchin, Chris Peters, Eric Knight, Jacob Ash, Simun Niclasen, Jan Schmid, Elliot Beter, Sandra Aft, SR Foxley, Ian Dundore, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Robert Kunz, Jessica Wode, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Christian, Caleb Weeks, Jeffrey Thompson, James Craver, and Markus Persson -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 829278 CrashCourse
Macro 3.3- Long Run Aggregate Supply, Recession, and Inflation (LRAS)
 
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In this video I explain the most important graph in your macroeconomics class. The aggregate demand and supply model. Make sure that you understand the idea of the long run aggregate supply and how to draw a recessionary gap and inflationary gap. Keep in mind that the "long run" is not a specific amount of time. The long run refers to enough time for resource prices (like wages) to adjust when there is a change in price level.Thanks for watching. Please subscribe. If you need more help, check out my Ultimate Review Packet http://www.acdcecon.com/#!review-packet/czji Macroeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnFv3d8qllI Microeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swnoF533C_c Watch Econmovies https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1oDmcs0xTD9Aig5cP8_R1gzq-mQHgcAH Follow me on Twitter https://twitter.com/acdcleadership
Views: 535601 Jacob Clifford
Marc Faber money supply growth is concerning-Fast Money 7-2-2007
 
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Marc Faber being told by Eric Bolling to remember that 'the markets are global now.' Marc lives in Thailand and has his office in Hong Kong so I think there is a chance he is aware :-) Jeff Macke calls his style of investing 'catalyst free' however I beg to note that it is also largely 'knee-capping' free as the Federal Reserve has a hard time in the longer term spiking the markets against Marc's favor. Najarian claims Faber in some instances wishes to strip food and energy from the inflation figures. Someone would need to point out to me where Faber is inconstant I do not see it.
Views: 1990 panderingpieholes
Macroeconomics - Chapter 25: Money, Banks, and the Federal Reserve System
 
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Money is anything that people are generally willing to accept in exchange for goods or services or in payment of debts. Money functions as a medium of exchange, a unit of account, a store of value, and a standard of deferred payment. The Federal Reserve (Fed) is the central bank of the United States. The Fed’s three monetary policy tools are open market operations, discount policy, and reserve requirements. The quantity theory of money provides insight into the long-run relationship between the money supply and inflation. In the long run, inflation results from the money supply growing at a faster rate than real GDP.
Views: 1490 Dr. Bill Schlosser
GDP Calculation, Nominal&Real Interest Rate, Central Banker Money Supply Control
 
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Visit- www.edunirvana.com, to know more about our latest product- Economics Lab! (Fastest and surest way to learn Economics!) This video consists of small snippets of story called no money island. This story is designed to be most innovative, efficient and effective way to learn basic concepts of Macroeconomics In this 15 minutes video learner will learn about concepts of GDP, Nominal and Real Interest Rates and Ways to control Money Supply in the economy in an intuitive, interactive and engaging manner. In this story the learner would see how king and his ministers have evolved the island's inefficient economy from an arcane barter system to robust and thriving economy by introducing the concepts of money, financial system, central bank and consumer price index. The Story also shows how this island started trading with other nearby islands to harness its competitive advantage, how it evolved its exchange rate and balance of payment, how it started measuring economy's health and how it started differentiating between real and nominal values Pl check out www.edunirvana.com if interested.
Views: 58830 Ashutosh Seth
Economic Growth explained (explainity® explainer video)
 
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The economy is expected to grow steadily. Politics, industry and trade wish for economic growth. But how can economic growth be measured and might the economy eventually fully grown sometime? Our third clip in cooperation with Deutsche Welle explains "Economic Growth". Script download: www.explainity.com/education-project/transskripte/ ------- This explainer video was produced by explainity GmbH Homepage: www.explainity.com E-Mail: [email protected] This explanatory film was produced and published for private, non-commercial use and may be used free of charge in this context for private purposes without consultation or written authorization. Please note, however, that neither the content nor the graphics of this explanatory film may be altered in any way. Please always give explainity as the source when using the film, and if you publish it on the internet, provide a reference to www.explainity.com. For commercial use or use for training purposes, such as projection of the film at training events (e.g. projection of the film as a teaching aid in school or in adult education), a licence is required. Further information on this subject will be found here: https://www.explainity.com/education-project If you are interested in an own explainity explainer video, visit our website www.explainity.com and contact us. We are looking forward to your inquiry.
Views: 118801 explainitychannel
How to Calculate Growth Rate or Percent Change
 
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Watch more How to Start a Business videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/410859-How-to-Calculate-Growth-Rate-or-Percent-Change Subtract, divide, and multiply your way to successfully determining how much that increase or decrease really amounts to. Step 1: Subtract the past number from the current number Subtract the past number from the current number. For example if the price of gas this year was $3.25 a gallon and last year it was $2.75 a gallon calculate $3.25 minus $2.75 to equal $0.50. Tip To calculate the predicted percent increase or decrease, subtract the current amount from the future predicted amount. Step 2: Divide Divide the past number from the subtracted amount. From the earlier example, divide $0.50 by $2.75 to equal .1818. Use a calculator if your division skills need sharpening. Step 3: Multiply by 100 Multiply the final number by 100. In the example, the end result equals 18.18. Step 4: Add a percent sign Add a percent sign to the end to finish your calculated percent growth. Our example ends in 18.18 percent. Tip If the final number is negative, the result would be a decline, not a growth. Step 5: Round up or down Round up if the number is five or over and round down if the number is under five. Rounding to the first decimal would equal 18.2 percent or to the nearest whole number, 18 percent. Did You Know? French mathematician Blaise Pascal invented the first adding machine in 1642. It could only perform the mathematical equations of addition and subtraction.
Views: 102899 Howcast
Monetary and fiscal policy | Aggregate demand and aggregate supply | Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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Basic mechanics of monetary and fiscal policy Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/aggregate-supply-demand-topic/monetary-fiscal-policy/v/tax-lever-of-fiscal-policy?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/aggregate-supply-demand-topic/business-cycle-tutorial/v/the-business-cycle?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 674057 Khan Academy
Money and Finance: Crash Course Economics #11
 
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So, we've been putting off a kind of basic question here. What is money? What is currency? How are the two different. Well, not to give away too much, but money has a few basic functions. It acts as a store of value, a medium of exchange, and as a unit of account. Money isn't just bills and coins. It can be anything that meets these three criteria. In US prisons, apparently, pouches of Mackerel are currency. Yes, mackerel the fish. Paper and coins work as money because they're backed by the government, which is an advantage over mackerel. So, once you've got money, you need finance. We'll talk about borrowing, lending, interest, and stocks and bonds. Also, this episode features a giant zucchini, which Adriene grew in her garden. So that's cool. Special thanks to Dave Hunt for permission to use his PiPhone video. this guy really did make an artisanal smartphone! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8eaiNsFhtI8 Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Fatima Iqbal, Penelope Flagg, Eugenia Karlson, Alex S, Jirat, Tim Curwick, Christy Huddleston, Eric Kitchen, Moritz Schmidt, Today I Found Out, Avi Yashchin, Chris Peters, Eric Knight, Jacob Ash, Simun Niclasen, Jan Schmid, Elliot Beter, Sandra Aft, SR Foxley, Ian Dundore, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Robert Kunz, Jessica Wode, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Christian, Caleb Weeks, Jeffrey Thompson, James Craver, and Markus Persson -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 735064 CrashCourse
Macro Unit 2.1- GDP and Economic Growth
 
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In this short video I explain GDP, the components of GDP, and what is not included in the Gross Domestic Product. Thanks for watching, please subscribe If you need more help, check out my Ultimate Review Packet http://www.acdcecon.com/#!review-packet/czji
Views: 409569 Jacob Clifford
Monetary Policy#1: Money multiplier, Fractional Reserve, High Powered v. Narrow v. Broad Money
 
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- So far in the budget and economic survey series 2017 (BES17): we've covered the evolution of money with special focus on digital payment in the light of de-monetization. - Now we shall move to monetary policy- tools, review of last one year's policies and its limitations. - But, first we must learn how can a Central Bank control money supply and liquidity in the system? - In his book the General theory of employment, interest and money, the famous Economist John Maynard Keynes listed the motives for which people demand and keep money in liquid form 1) transaction motive 2) precautionary motive and 3) speculative motive- also known as the asset demand of money. - We measure the money supply thus kept as "M1"- which is currency with public plus demand deposits in the banks. Because of the fractional reserve system, Every “R” reserve generates “1/r” new money - What is money multiplier, why is it said that in a functional economy, money multiplier is always greater than one? - What is M0: reserve money or high powered money? Why is it called liability of RBI? - Measures of money supply: M0, M1, M2, M3, M4. what is broad money and what is narrow money? Which one has the highest liquidity? - How can RBI combat inflation and deflation? What type of policy strategy should it use against these two scenarios? What is easy money policy, cheap money policy, dovish money policy vs. tight money policy, dear money policy, Hawkish money policy. - Faculty Name: You know who - all Powerpoint available at http://mrunal.org/powerpoint - Exam-Utility: UPSC IAS IPS Civil service exam, Prelims, CSAT, Mains, Staff selection SSC-CGL, IBPS-PO/MT, IBPS-CWE, SBI PO & Clerk, RBI and other banking exams; LIC, EPFO, FCI & other PSU exams; CDS, CAPF and other defense services exams; GPSC, MPPCS, RPSC & other State PCS services exams with Indian Economy, Budget, Banking, Public Finance in its syllabus- with descriptive questions and answer writing.
Views: 338005 Mrunal Patel
Dynamics of Inflation, Economic Growth, Money Supply and Exchange Rate in India Evidence from Multiv
 
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Dynamics of Inflation, Economic Growth, Money Supply and Exchange Rate in India Evidence from Multivariate Analysis
Views: 33 Research Media
Money Supply To GDP Growth Lagged For Two Years
 
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Money Supply To GDP Growth Lagged For Two Years. Watch the video to know more. About CNBC-TV18: India's leading business news channel, CNBC-TV18 offers the most comprehensive coverage of businesses, the economy and the financial markets. Catch all your favourite shows, exclusive videos, big-ticket interviews and more here. You can also connect with CNBC-TV18 News Online Catch the latest news: http://www.cnbctv18.com/ Follow CNBC-TV18 round the clock: https://www.cnbctv18.com/live-tv/ Stay updated with all the market action: https://www.cnbctv18.com/market/stocks/live-blog Follow experts on the most vital topics: https://www.cnbctv18.com/expert-views/ Subscribe to our daily newsletter: https://www.cnbctv18.com/newsletter/ Subscribe to our Channel: https://goo.gl/hKwgtm Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cnbctv18india/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/CNBCTV18News
Views: 74 CNBC-TV18
ECONOMY FOR PRELIMS LECTURE 4 | MONEY SUPPLY M1 M2 M3, MONEY MULTIPLIER, LIQUIDITY | UPSC 2018 NCERT
 
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MONEY SUPPLY - M1 M2 M3 M0 NARROW MONEY, BROAD MONEY LIQUIDITY BEST ECONOMICS NCERT FOR PRELIMS UPSC CSE Introduction on UPSC CSE Economics For Prelims & Mains. #Economics is a very important from the UPSC exam point of view. It is very crucial not just for CSE Prelims but for CSE Mains and interview as well. #UPSC #ECONOMICS #PRELIMS2018 #ECONOMY #MRUNAL MRUNAL ECONOMY 2018 INDIAN ECONOMY UNACADEMY ECONOMY mrunal gdp mrunal sir mrunal economics 2018 mrunal best mrunal ias mrunal spipa
Views: 16638 STUDY IAS
Zimbabwe and Hyperinflation: Who Wants to Be a Trillionaire?
 
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How would you like to pay $417.00 per sheet of toilet paper? Sound crazy? It’s not as crazy as you may think. Here’s a story of how this happened in Zimbabwe. Around 2000, Robert Mugabe, the President of Zimbabwe, was in need of cash to bribe his enemies and reward his allies. He had to be clever in his approach, given that Zimbabwe’s economy was doing lousy and his people were starving. Sow what did he do? He tapped the country’s printing presses and printed more money. Clever, right? Not so fast. The increase in money supply didn’t equate to an increase in productivity in the Zimbabwean economy, and there was little new investment to create new goods. So, in effect, you had more money chasing the same goods. In other words, you needed more dollars to buy the same stuff as before. Prices began to rise -- drastically. As prices rose, the government printed more money to buy the same goods as before. And the cycle continued. In fact, it got so out of hand that by 2006, prices were rising by over 1,000% per year! Zimbabweans became millionaires, but a million dollars may have only been enough to buy you one chicken during the hyperinflation crisis. It all came crashing down in 2008 when -- given that the Zimbabwean dollar basically ceased to exist -- Mugabe was forced to legalize transactions in foreign currencies. Hyperinflation isn’t unique to Zimbabwe. It has occurred in other countries such as Yugoslavia, China, and Germany throughout history. In future videos, we’ll take a closer look at inflation and what causes it. Subscribe for new videos every Tuesday! http://bit.ly/1Rib5V8 Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/1R1PL5x Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/2hNkAFy Next video: http://bit.ly/2j4niXI
Nominal interest, real interest, and inflation calculations | AP Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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The market for loanable funds brings savers and borrowers together. We can also represent the same idea using a mathematical model. In this video, learn about the savings and investment identity. AP(R) Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Macroeconomics is all about how an entire nationÕs performance is determined and improved over time. Learn how factors like unemployment, inflation, interest rates, economic growth and recession are caused and how they affect individuals and society as a whole. We hit the traditional topics from an AP Macroeconomics course, including basic economic concepts, economic indicators, and the business cycle, national income and price determination, the financial sector, the long-run consequences of stabilization policies, and international trade and finance. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy. View more lessons or practice this subject at http://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/ap-macroeconomics/ap-financial-sector/nominal-v-real-interest-rates-ap/v/nominal-interest-real-interest-and-inflation-calculations-ap-macroeconomics-khan-academy2?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc&utm_campaign=apmacroeconomics AP Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Welcome to Economics! In this lesson we'll define Economic and introduce some of the fundamental tools and perspectives economists use to understand the world around us! Khan Academy is a nonprofit organization with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We offer quizzes, questions, instructional videos, and articles on a range of academic subjects, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, history, economics, finance, grammar, preschool learning, and more. We provide teachers with tools and data so they can help their students develop the skills, habits, and mindsets for success in school and beyond. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 15 million people around the globe learn on Khan Academy every month. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, we would love your help! Donate or volunteer today! Donate here: https://www.khanacademy.org/donate?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc Volunteer here: https://www.khanacademy.org/contribute?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc
Views: 15766 Khan Academy
Economic Growth and Inflation
 
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See more videos at: http://talkboard.com.au/ In this video, we look at the relationship between economic growth and inflation in both the short and long terms.
Views: 4658 talkboard.com.au
M1 & M2 Money Supply
 
04:13
Views: 34827 Alex Lamon
How the rich get richer – money in the world economy | DW Documentary
 
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Exploding real estate prices, zero interest rate and a rising stock market – the rich are getting richer. What danger lies in wait for average citizens? For years, the world’s central banks have been pursuing a policy of cheap money. The first and foremost is the ECB (European Central Bank), which buys bad stocks and bonds to save banks, tries to fuel economic growth and props up states that are in debt. But what relieves state budgets to the tune of hundreds of billions annoys savers: interest rates are close to zero. The fiscal policies of the central banks are causing an uncontrolled global deluge of money. Experts are warning of new bubbles. In real estate, for example: it’s not just in German cities that prices are shooting up. In London, a one-bed apartment can easily cost more than a million Euro. More and more money is moving away from the real economy and into the speculative field. Highly complex financial bets are taking place in the global casino - gambling without checks and balances. The winners are set from the start: in Germany and around the world, the rich just get richer. Professor Max Otte says: "This flood of money has caused a dangerous redistribution. Those who have, get more." But with low interest rates, any money in savings accounts just melts away. Those with debts can be happy. But big companies that want to swallow up others are also happy: they can borrow cheap money for their acquisitions. Coupled with the liberalization of the financial markets, money deals have become detached from the real economy. But it’s not just the banks that need a constant source of new, cheap money today. So do states. They need it to keep a grip on their mountains of debt. It’s a kind of snowball system. What happens to our money? Is a new crisis looming? The film 'The Money Deluge' casts a new and surprising light on our money in these times of zero interest rates. _______ Exciting, powerful and informative – DW Documentary is always close to current affairs and international events. Our eclectic mix of award-winning films and reports take you straight to the heart of the story. Dive into different cultures, journey across distant lands, and discover the inner workings of modern-day life. Subscribe and explore the world around you – every day, one DW Documentary at a time. Subscribe to DW Documentary: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCW39zufHfsuGgpLviKh297Q?sub_confirmation=1# For more information visit: https://www.dw.com/documentaries Instagram https://www.instagram.com/dwdocumentary/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/dw.stories DW netiquette policy: http://www.dw.com/en/dws-netiquette-policy/a-5300954
Views: 1790719 DW Documentary
Relationship between bond prices and interest rates | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy
 
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Why bond prices move inversely to changes in interest rate. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/treasury-bond-prices-and-yields?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/introduction-to-the-yield-curve?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Both corporations and governments can borrow money by selling bonds. This tutorial explains how this works and how bond prices relate to interest rates. In general, understanding this not only helps you with your own investing, but gives you a lens on the entire global economy. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 553244 Khan Academy
How to Reduce Debt and Grow the Economy: Milton Friedman on Budget Reconciliation Legislation (1993)
 
01:02:38
Friedman was best known for reviving interest in the money supply as a determinant of the nominal value of output, that is, the quantity theory of money. Monetarism is the set of views associated with modern quantity theory. Its origins can be traced back to the 16th-century School of Salamanca or even further; however, Friedman's contribution is largely responsible for its modern popularization. He co-authored, with Anna Schwartz, A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960 (1963), which was an examination of the role of the money supply and economic activity in the U.S. history. A striking conclusion of their research regarded the way in which money supply fluctuations contribute to economic fluctuations. Several regression studies with David Meiselman during the 1960s suggested the primacy of the money supply over investment and government spending in determining consumption and output. These challenged a prevailing, but largely untested, view on their relative importance. Friedman's empirical research and some theory supported the conclusion that the short-run effect of a change of the money supply was primarily on output but that the longer-run effect was primarily on the price level. Friedman was the main proponent of the monetarist school of economics. He maintained that there is a close and stable association between inflation and the money supply, mainly that inflation could be avoided with proper regulation of the monetary base's growth rate. He famously used the analogy of "dropping money out of a helicopter.",[46] in order to avoid dealing with money injection mechanisms and other factors that would overcomplicate his models. Friedman's arguments were designed to counter the popular concept of Cost-push inflation, that the increased General Price Level at the time was the result of increases in the price of oil, or increases in wages; as he wrote, Inflation is always and everywhere a monetary phenomenon. — Milton Friedman, 1963.[47] Friedman rejected the use of fiscal policy as a tool of demand management; and he held that the government's role in the guidance of the economy should be restricted severely. Friedman wrote extensively on the Great Depression, which he termed the Great Contraction, arguing that it had been caused by an ordinary financial shock whose duration and seriousness were greatly increased by the subsequent contraction of the money supply caused by the misguided policies of the directors of the Federal Reserve. The Fed was largely responsible for converting what might have been a garden-variety recession, although perhaps a fairly severe one, into a major catastrophe. Instead of using its powers to offset the depression, it presided over a decline in the quantity of money by one-third from 1929 to 1933 ... Far from the depression being a failure of the free-enterprise system, it was a tragic failure of government. — Milton Friedman, Two Lucky People, 233[48] Friedman also argued for the cessation of government intervention in currency markets, thereby spawning an enormous literature on the subject, as well as promoting the practice of freely floating exchange rates. His close friend George Stigler explained, "As is customary in science, he did not win a full victory, in part because research was directed along different lines by the theory of rational expectations, a newer approach developed by Robert Lucas, also at the University of Chicago." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Views: 19816 Remember This
Imports, Exports, and Exchange Rates: Crash Course Economics #15
 
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What is a trade deficit? Well, it all has to do with imports and exports and, well, trade. This week Jacob and Adriene walk you through the basics of imports, exports, and exchange. So, you remember the specialization and trade thing, right? So, that leads to imports and exports. Economically, in the aggregate, this is usually a good thing. Globalization and free trade do tend to increase overall wealth. But not everybody wins. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1008065 CrashCourse
What Is Fiscal Policy & Monetary Policy? And How They Impact On A Currency?
 
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The value of a currency, just like any other financial asset, is determined by supply and demand. The actual supply of money within an economy, therefore, impacts the value of a currency. Money supply is defined as the total amount of money that is available within an economy. If the money supply increases, there is more for investment and spending and this has a stimulus effect on the economy – the opposite effect is seen if the supply is reduced. It is important to maintain control over the growth of the money supply. Too much supply and the rate of inflation can rise to levels that can harm the economy – too little can stunt economic growth. Policy makers have to strike the right balance between growth and inflation – they will do this through either restrictive or accommodative monetary policy. Restrictive monetary policy is when a central bank will look to reduce the money supply and accommodative monetary policy is when a central bank will look to increase the money supply. Two common ways in controlling the money supply is through either setting interest rates or changing a bank's minimum reserve requirement.
Productivity and Growth: Crash Course Economics #6
 
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Why are some countries rich? Why are some countries poor? In the end it comes down to Productivity. This week on Crash Course Econ, Adriene and Jacob investigate just why some economies are more productive than others, and what happens when an economy is mor productive. We'll look at how things like per capita GDP translate to the lifestyle of normal people. And, there's a mystery. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Jan Schmid, Simun Niclasen, Robert Kunz, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Eric Kitchen, Christian, Beatrice Jin, Anna-Ester Volozh, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jeffrey Thompson, Ian Dundore, Stephen Lawless, Today I Found Out, James Craver, Jessica Wode, Sandra Aft, Jacob Ash, SR Foxley, Christy Huddleston, Steve Marshall, Chris Peters Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 911828 CrashCourse
The Aggregate Demand Curve
 
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This wk: Put your quantity theory of money knowledge to use in understanding the aggregate demand curve. Next wk: Use your knowledge of the AD curve to dig into the long-run aggregate supply curve. The aggregate demand-aggregate supply model, or AD-AS model, can help us understand business fluctuations. In this video, we’ll focus on the aggregate demand curve. The aggregate demand curve shows us all of the possible combinations of inflation and real growth that are consistent with a specified rate of spending growth. The dynamic quantity theory of money (M + v = P + Y), which we covered in a previous video, can help us understand this concept. We’ll walk you through an example by plotting inflation on the y-axis and real growth on the x-axis -- helping us draw an aggregate demand curve! Next week, we’ll combine our new knowledge on the AD curve with the long-run aggregate supply curve. Stay tuned! Subscribe for new videos every Tuesday! http://bit.ly/1Rib5V8 Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/1R1PL5x Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/2oEWj4B Next video: http://bit.ly/2oiuIFy
What is MONETARY INFLATION? What does MONETARY INFLATION mean? MONETARY INFLATION meaning
 
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What is MONETARY INFLATION? What does MONETARY INFLATION mean? MONETARY INFLATION meaning - MONETARY INFLATION definition - MONETARY INFLATION explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Monetary inflation is a sustained increase in the money supply of a country (or currency area). Depending on many factors, especially public expectations, the fundamental state and development of the economy, and the transmission mechanism, it is likely to result in price inflation, which is usually just called "inflation", which is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services. There is general agreement among economists that there is a causal relationship between monetary inflation and price inflation. But there is neither a common view about the exact theoretical mechanisms and relationships, nor about how to accurately measure it. This relationship is also constantly changing, within a larger complex economic system. So there is a great deal of debate on the issues involved, such as how to measure the monetary base and price inflation, how to measure the effect of public expectations, how to judge the effect of financial innovations on the transmission mechanisms, and how much factors like the velocity of money affect the relationship. Thus there are different views on what could be the best targets and tools in monetary policy. However, there is a general consensus on the importance and responsibility of central banks and monetary authorities in setting public expectations of price inflation and in trying to control it. Keynesian economists believe the central bank can sufficiently assess the detailed economic variables and circumstances in real time in order to control monetary policy in detail. These economists favor monetary policies that attempt to even out the ups and downs of business cycles and economic shocks in a precise fashion. Followers of the monetarist school think that Keynesian style monetary policies produce a lot of overshooting, time-lag errors and other unwanted effects, sometimes making things even worse. They doubt the central bank's capacity to analyse economic problems in real time and its ability to influence the economy with correct timing and the right monetary policy measures. So monetarists advocate less intrusive and complex monetary policies, like inflation targeting or a constant growth rate of money supply. Some followers of Austrian School economics advocate either the return to free markets in money, called free banking, or a 100% gold standard and the abolition of central banks. Currently, most central banks follow a monetarist or Keynesian approach, or more often a mix of both. There is a trend of central banks towards the monetarist approach, with inflation targeting.
Views: 689 The Audiopedia
Fiscal & Monetary Policy Review- AP Macroeconomics
 
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In this video I overview fiscal and monetary policy and how the economy adjust in the long run. Keep in mind that fiscal and monetary policy shift aggregate demand while waiting for the economy to adjust is a shift in aggregate supply. Thanks for watching. Please subscribe. If you need more help, check out my Ultimate Review Packet http://www.acdcecon.com/#!review-packet/czji Macroeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnFv3d8qllI Microeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swnoF533C_c Watch Econmovies https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1oDmcs0xTD9Aig5cP8_R1gzq-mQHgcAH Follow me on Twitter https://twitter.com/acdcleadership
Views: 545277 Jacob Clifford
Foreign Exchange Practice- Macro Practice- Macro 5.3
 
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In this video I explain foreign exchange and how the value of currencies change. Remember that the trick is to remember that you supply your currency and the people in other countries demand your currency. Thanks for watching.
Views: 223056 Jacob Clifford
Macroeconomics: Crash Course Economics #5
 
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This week, Adriene and Jacob teach you about macroeconomics. This is the stuff of big picture economics, and the major movers in the economy. Like taxes and monetary policy and inflation and policy. We need this stuff, because if you don't have a big picture of the economy, crashes and panics are more likely. Of course, economics is extremely complex and unpredictable. Today we'll talk about GDP as a measure of a country's economic health, the basics of economic analysis, and even a little about full employment, unemployment Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Jan Schmid, Simun Niclasen, Robert Kunz, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Eric Kitchen, Christian, Beatrice Jin, Anna-Ester Volozh, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jeffrey Thompson, Ian Dundore, Stephen Lawless, Today I Found Out, James Craver, Jessica Wode, Sandra Aft, Jacob Ash, SR Foxley, Christy Huddleston, Steve Marshall, Chris Peters -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1278500 CrashCourse
Keynesian economics | Aggregate demand and aggregate supply | Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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Contrasting Keynesian and Classical Thinking Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/aggregate-supply-demand-topic/keynesian-thinking/v/risks-of-keynesian-thinking?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/aggregate-supply-demand-topic/monetary-fiscal-policy/v/tax-lever-of-fiscal-policy?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 739843 Khan Academy
Steven Cunningham: Inflation, the Money Supply, and the Fed [AIER Knight-Bagehot Lectures]
 
01:09:00
Inflation, the Money Supply, and the Fed—Steven Cunningham, director of research and education. Inflation has long been a flagship concern of AIER. Several articles in the past year have pointed to the danger of high inflation created by the quantitative easing that came about in response to the financial crisis. Director of Research Steven Cunningham wrote many of these, including a much-quoted analysis that a 15 percent inflation rate is not improbable.
Views: 252 AIERvideo
Real GDP and nominal GDP | GDP: Measuring national income | Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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Using real GDP as a measure of actual productivity growth Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/gdp-topic/real-nominal-gdp-tutorial/v/gdp-deflator?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/gdp-topic/GDP-components-tutorial/v/examples-of-accounting-for-gdp?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 521855 Khan Academy
Monetary Growth 1/4
 
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There is a part in the monetary system that does not comply with sustainability. Idea & graphs: Helmut Creutz
Views: 7844 Money Syndrome
How the RBA Controls the Cash Rate: Domestic Market Operations Explained for Year 11 Economics
 
08:34
Want to understand how the RBA controls the cash rate using domestic market operations? Well, maybe this will help (maybe not).
Views: 4026 Casey Morton
Zim News: Zim broad money supply shoots up
 
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Zim News: Zim broad money supply shoots up. THE country’s broad money supply increased in the month of May to US$8,55 billion up from US$8,117 billion in April. By Kudzai Kuwaza According to the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) monthly report for May, broad money supply increased sharply from the same period last year when it stood at US$6,2 billion, representing a year-on-year increase of 38%. “The annual growth rate of broad money was 37,98% in May 2018, representing a 5,27 percentage point increase from 32,71% registered in April 2018. T...
Views: 1066 Zim News
The Short-Run Aggregate Supply Curve
 
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In this video, we explore how rapid shocks to the aggregate demand curve can cause business fluctuations. As the government increases the money supply, aggregate demand also increases. A baker, for example, may see greater demand for her baked goods, resulting in her hiring more workers. In this sense, real output increases along with money supply. But what happens when the baker and her workers begin to spend this extra money? Prices begin to rise. The baker will also increase the price of her baked goods to match the price increases elsewhere in the economy. As prices increase, workers demand higher wages to be able to afford goods at a higher price. In this example, the increase in money supply initially increased nominal and real wages for the baker and her employees, but as prices begin to rise, real wages begin to fall, and workers can afford less. Overtime, the demand for the baker’s goods will fall to pre-spending levels. The takeaway? An increase in spending can increase output and growth in the short run, but not in the long run. To model this scenario, this video will show you how to draw a short-run aggregate supply curve. Let’s get started! Subscribe for new videos every Tuesday! http://bit.ly/1Rib5V8 Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/1R1PL5x Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/2qElODS Next video: http://bit.ly/2pY2289
What is Monetary Policy? | Definition & Explanation of Monetary Policy
 
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What is Monetary Policy? | Definition & Explanation of Monetary Policy: Monetary policy is the process by which the monetary authority of a country, like the central bank or currency board, controls the supply of money, often targeting an inflation rate or interest rateto ensure price stability and general trust in the currency. Further goals of a monetary policy are usually to contribute to economic growth and stability, to lower unemployment, and to maintain predictable exchange rates with other currencies. Monetary economics provides insight into how to craft an optimal monetary policy. Since the 1970s, monetary policy has generally been formed separately from fiscal policy, which refers to taxation, government spending, and associated borrowing. Monetary policy is referred to as either being expansionary or contractionary. Expansionary policy is when a monetary authority uses its tools to stimulate the economy. An expansionary policy increases the total supply of money in the economy more rapidly than usual. It is traditionally used to try to combat unemployment in a recession by lowering interest rates in the hope that easy credit will entice businesses into expanding. Also, this increases the aggregate demand (the overall demand for all goods and services in an economy), which boosts growth as measured by gross domestic product (GDP). Expansionary monetary policy usually diminishes the value of the currency, thereby decreasing the exchange rate. The opposite of expansionary monetary policy is contractionary monetary policy, which slows the rate of growth in the money supply or even shrinks it. This slows economic growth to prevent inflation. Contractionary monetary policy can lead to increased unemployment and depressed borrowing and spending by consumers and businesses, which can eventually result in an economic recession; it should hence be well managed and conducted with care. ………………………………………………………………………………….. Sources: Text: Text of this video has been taken from Wikipedia, which is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License Background Music: Evgeny Teilor, https://www.jamendo.com/track/1176656/oceans The Lounge: http://www.bensound.com/royalty-free-music/jazz Images: www.pixabay.com www.openclipart.com
Views: 60 Free Audio Books
Game of Theories: The Monetarists
 
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Meet the monetarists! This business cycle theory emphasizes the effect of the money supply and the central bank on the economy. Formulated by Nobel Laureate Milton Friedman, it’s a “goldilocks” theory that argues for a steady rate of fairly low inflation to keep the economy on track. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Subscribe for new videos every Tuesday! http://bit.ly/1Rib5V8 Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/2zGiZHg Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/2jp4Tpz Next video: http://bit.ly/2joHHYP Help translate this video: http://bit.ly/2ABeX2o

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