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The Columbian Exchange: Crash Course World History #23
 
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In which John Green teaches you about the changes wrought by contact between the Old World and the New. John does this by exploring the totally awesome history book "The Columbian Exchange" by Alfred Cosby, Jr. After Columbus "discovered" the Americas, European conquerors, traders, and settlers brought all manner of changes to the formerly isolated continents. Disease and invasive plant and animal species remade the New World, usually in negative ways. While native people, plants, and animals were being displaced in the Americas, the rest of the world was benefitting from American imports, especially foods like maize, tomatoes, potatoes, pineapple, blueberries, sweet potatoes, and manioc. Was the Columbian Exchange a net positive? It's debatable. So debate. Resources: The Columbian Exchange, by Alfred Cosby, Jr: http://dft.ba/-columbian Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 2901980 CrashCourse
Exchange Rates: A History of International Students in the U.S.
 
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Students from abroad have been coming to study at American universities since 1854. Here's a look at the history and controversies involving international exchange programs in the United States.​ Subscribe to the WSJ channel here: http://bit.ly/14Q81Xy More from the Wall Street Journal: Visit WSJ.com: http://www.wsj.com Follow WSJ on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/wsjvideo Follow WSJ on Google+: https://plus.google.com/+wsj/posts Follow WSJ on Twitter: https://twitter.com/WSJvideo Follow WSJ on Instagram: http://instagram.com/wsj Follow WSJ on Pinterest: http://www.pinterest.com/wsj/ Don’t miss a WSJ video, subscribe here: http://bit.ly/14Q81Xy More from the Wall Street Journal: Visit WSJ.com: http://www.wsj.com Visit the WSJ Video Center: https://wsj.com/video On Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pg/wsj/videos/ On Twitter: https://twitter.com/WSJ On Snapchat: https://on.wsj.com/2ratjSM
Views: 827 Wall Street Journal
Canadian cannabis company makes history on US stock exchange
 
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Tilray CEO Brendan Kennedy discusses the backstory behind his company’s decision to go public.
Views: 4018 Fox Business
Exchange Rates: A History of International Students in the U.S.
 
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Students from abroad have been coming to study at American universities since 1854. Here's a look at the history and controversies involving international exchange programs in the United States.​ Don’t miss a WSJ video, subscribe here: http://bit.ly/14Q81Xy More from the Wall Street Journal: Visit WSJ.com: http://www.wsj.com Visit the WSJ Video Center: https://wsj.com/video On Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pg/wsj/videos/ On Twitter: https://twitter.com/WSJ On Snapchat: https://on.wsj.com/2ratjSM
Views: 578 Wall Street Journal
History of Economic Recessions in the United States: Stock Exchange (1991)
 
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NYSE MKT LLC, formerly known as the American Stock Exchange (AMEX), is an American stock exchange situated in New York City, New York. AMEX was previously a mutual organization, owned by its members. Until 1953, it was known as the New York Curb Exchange.[1] On January 17, 2008, NYSE Euronext announced it would acquire the AMEX for $260 million in stock; on October 1, 2008, NYSE Euronext completed the acquisition.[2] Before the closing of the acquisition, NYSE Euronext announced that the AMEX would be integrated with the Alternext European small-cap exchange and renamed the NYSE Alternext U.S.[3] In March 2009, NYSE Alternext U.S. was changed to NYSE Amex Equities. On May 10, 2012, NYSE Amex Equities changed its name to NYSE MKT LLC. These brokers often traded stocks that were speculative in nature. With the discovery of oil in the latter half of the 19th century, even oil stocks entered into the curb market. By 1865, following the American Civil War, stocks in small industrial companies, such as iron and steel, textiles and chemicals were first sold by curbstone brokers. Efforts to organize and standardize the market started early in the 20th century under Emanuel S. Mendels and Carl H. Pforzheimer [1]. In 1908, the New York Curb Market Agency was established, to codify trading practices. In 1911, the curbstone brokers came to be known as the New York Curb Market, which then had a formal constitution with brokerage and listing standards. After several years of outdoor trading, the curbstone brokers moved indoors in 1921 to New York Curb Exchange Building on Greenwich Street in Lower Manhattan. In 1929, the New York Curb Market changed its name to the New York Curb Exchange. Within no time, the Curb Exchange became the leading international stock market, listing more foreign issues than all other U.S. securities markets combined. In 1953 the Curb Exchange was renamed the American Stock Exchange. Paul Kolton was named as president of the exchange in 1971, making him the first person to be selected from within the exchange to serve as its leader, succeeding Ralph S. Saul, who announced his resignation in March 1971.[5][6] In November 1972, Kolton was named as the exchange's first chief executive officer and its first salaried top executive.[7] Kolton opposed the idea of a merger with the New York Stock Exchange while he headed the exchange saying that "two independent, viable exchanges are much more likely to be responsive to new pressures and public needs than a single institution".[6] Kolton announced in July 1977 that he would be leaving his position at the American Exchange in November of that year.[8] The American Stock Exchange merged with the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE Euronext) on October 1, 2008.[4] Post merger, the Amex equities business was branded "NYSE Alternext US". As part of the re-branding exercise, NYSE Alternext US was re-branded as NYSE Amex Equities.[4] On December 1, 2008, the Curb Exchange building at 86 Trinity Place was closed, and the Amex Equities trading floor was moved to the NYSE Trading floor at 11 Wall Street. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NYSE_MKT In a W-shaped recession, (also known as a double-dip recession), the economy falls into recession, recovers with a short period of growth, then falls back into recession before finally recovering, giving a "down up down up" pattern resembling the letter W. The early 1980s recession in the United States is cited as an example of a W-shaped recession. The National Bureau of Economic Research considers two recessions to have occurred in the early 1980s.[4] The economy fell into recession from January 1980 to July 1980, shrinking at an 8 percent annual rate from April to June 1980. The economy then entered a quick period of growth, and in the first three months of 1981 grew at an 8.4 percent annual rate. As the Federal Reserve under Paul Volcker raised interest rates to fight inflation, the economy dipped back into recession (hence, the "double dip") from July 1981 to November 1982. The economy then entered a period of mostly robust growth for the rest of the decade. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recession_shapes#W-shaped_recession
Views: 1531 Way Back
Historical Comparison Of US Dollar Exchange Rates Since 1954 | Spread Knowledge
 
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In This Video We Will Talk About Price Of US Dollar In Pakistan Under All Previous Government. We Tell You The Price Of Dollar During All Previous Governments And Also Told You When It Was Decreases And When It Was Increases. For More Information Watch The Video Till End And Share It With Your Friends And Family. Thanks! Subscribe Now https://goo.gl/CNzCEk ------------------------------------------------------ Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.
Views: 118688 Spread Knowledge
The Columbian Exchange: Crash Course History of Science #16
 
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Over the last four episodes, we’ve examined some of the stories that make up the idea of a “revolution” in knowledge-making in Europe. But we can’t understand this idea fully, without unpacking another one—the so called Age of Exploration. This encompasses a lot of events that happened from 1400 through the 1600s and were driven in part by new ideas about knowledge-making. *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Erika & Alexa Saur Glenn Elliott, Justin Zingsheim, Jessica Wode, Eric Prestemon, Kathrin Benoit, Tom Trval, Nathan Taylor, Divonne Holmes à Court, Brian Thomas Gossett, Khaled El Shalakany, Indika Siriwardena, SR Foxley, Sam Ferguson, Yasenia Cruz, Eric Koslow, Caleb Weeks, Tim Curwick, D.A. Noe, Shawn Arnold, Ruth Perez, Malcolm Callis, Ken Penttinen, Advait Shinde, William McGraw, Andrei Krishkevich, Rachel Bright, Mayumi Maeda, Kathy & Tim Philip, Jirat, Eric Kitchen, Ian Dundore, Chris Peters -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 107892 CrashCourse
The History of Paper Money - Origins of Exchange - Extra History - #1
 
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Giant stones sunk under the sea? Cows? Cowrie Shells? What do they all have in common? They were all money. Find out how we got from exchanging these things to doing 8 hours of work for a stack of paper that takes 2 seconds to print on The History of Paper Money. (--More below) Support us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Play games with us on Extra Play! http://bit.ly/WatchEXP Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Get our list of recommended games on Steam: http://bit.ly/ECCurator ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Get the outro music here! http://bit.ly/23isQfx *Music by Sean and Dean Kiner: http://bit.ly/1WdBhnm
Views: 1321267 Extra Credits
BEHIND THE TICKER TAPE  1950s AMERICAN STOCK EXCHANGE HISTORY FILM  87554 MD
 
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Dating from 1957, "Behind the Ticker Tape" is a wonderful film that tells the story of the American Stock Exchange (now NYSE), showing how securities sales have evolved over the years, and giving a profile of the ASE at the height of its activity. NYSE MKT LLC, formerly known as the American Stock Exchange (AMEX), is an American stock exchange situated in New York City, New York. AMEX was previously a mutual organization, owned by its members. Until 1953, it was known as the New York Curb Exchange. The film begins with shots of the AMEX floor including the visitor's gallery, where the public could watch the frenzied exchange of stock. Hand signals are seen at 1:08, resulting in the sale of thousands of dollars of stock. At 1:30, a new broker who has just achieved a seat on the exchange, is shown arriving for work. His mentors talk to him about how to handle stock purchasing customers and how to counsel investors. At 4:30, the Gold Rush is shown, and there is a discussion of how the stock market helps American commerce grow and thrive. At 5:00 the so-called "curb market" is re-enacted on the streets of Manhattan. At 6:00, the curb market on Wall Street caused a change of venue, to 44 Broad Street, but the trading posts were still outside. At 7:30, the 1908 meeting of leading brokers to form the "New York Curb Agency", which was the forerunner of the AMEX. At 9:20, the arrival of the telephone revolutionized stock trading, but also (as the film shows) caused chaos. At 11:45, the development of the use of hand gestures to conduct sales is shown, as well as colorful hats. At 14:00, the modern stock market of the 1920s-1950s is shown. At 14:50, the ticker tape machine is shown and its use explained. The use of teletypes is also shown in the placing of a buy order. At 15:53, an annunciator board is used to get the attention of a broker for the order and an order is placed. The film ends with a discussion of the future, showing the AMEX building at 19:00 and describing its "lightning fast" communications network where the "future is being born". These brokers often traded stocks that were speculative in nature. With the discovery of oil in the latter half of the 19th century, even oil stocks entered into the curb market. By 1865, following the American Civil War, stocks in small industrial companies, such as iron and steel, textiles and chemicals were first sold by curbstone brokers. Efforts to organize and standardize the market started early in the 20th century under Emanuel S. Mendels and Carl H. Pforzheimer.. In 1908, the New York Curb Market Agency was established, to codify trading practices. In 1911, the curbstone brokers came to be known as the New York Curb Market, which then had a formal constitution with brokerage and listing standards. After several years of outdoor trading, the curbstone brokers moved indoors in 1921 to New York Curb Exchange Building on Greenwich Street in Lower Manhattan. In 1929, the New York Curb Market changed its name to the New York Curb Exchange. Within no time, the Curb Exchange became the leading international stock market, listing more foreign issues than all other U.S. securities markets combined. In 1953 the Curb Exchange was renamed the American Stock Exchange. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD, 2k and 4k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Views: 1042 PeriscopeFilm
Kantai Collection is ANTI-AMERICAN!? - Game Exchange
 
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Today on Game Exchange, does the popular web game Kantai Collection, or KanColle(艦これ) for short, have an anti-American sentiment built around it? Or are the ship girls suffering from mistaken identity? Check out Victory Belles on Kickstarter! ►► https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/blackchickenstudios/victory-belles ENDS THIS FRIDAY!!! More Culture in Gaming Videos! -Mario 3's Coin Ship Decoded! ►► http://tinyurl.com/zx4gga3 -Goomba's Amazing Origin! ►► http://tinyurl.com/gv4clsd -WTF Japan Game is Legit!? ►► http://tinyurl.com/gnxyhem -SMITE's Raijin is the Real Deal? ►► http://tinyurl.com/hblovbq -Senran Kagura Proved REAL Ninjas are Sexy! ►►http://tinyurl.com/jxgzxh7 -Street Fighter 5 - Rashid's Hidden Homeland! ►► http://tinyurl.com/zqp9wat -Mechs in Video Games Analysis - Game Exchange ►► http://tinyurl.com/jaucbc7 -Why Americans Love Shooters - Game Exchange ►► http://tinyurl.com/oykcqjj Follow me on Social Media! -Twitter ► https://twitter.com/GaijinGoombah -Facebook ► http://tinyurl.com/zrg4x7l -Deviant Art ►http://gaijingoombah.deviantart.com/ Got something you want to send? Here's my address! Gaijin Goombah P.O. Box 581 Fayetteville, AR 72702 Guest Music Provided by: -Moe Shop: https://soundcloud.com/moeshop -purple-planet.com -Victory Belles Kickstarter Campaign *Art Credit Correction! Original Iowa piece by SAte2801 called "USA USA USA"! on Deviantart! http://sate2801.deviantart.com/art/USA-USA-USA-592567917
Views: 303500 Gaijin Goombah Media
How The Stock Exchange Works (For Dummies)
 
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Why are there stocks at all? Everyday in the news we hear about the stock exchange, stocks and money moving around the globe. Still, a lot of people don't have an idea why we have stock markets at all, because the topic is usually very dry. We made a short video about the basics of the stock exchanges. With robots. Robots are kewl! Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, the Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science. We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :) We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt How the Stock Exchange works Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
An Overview of the New York Stock Exchange: Building, Trading Floor, History (1998)
 
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The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), sometimes known as the "Big Board", is a stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. More on the NYSE: https://www.amazon.com/gp/search?ie=UTF8&tag=tra0c7-20&linkCode=ur2&linkId=7dfab24c59ae2892ac3f17c1a4ede1f5&camp=1789&creative=9325&index=books&keywords=nyse It is by far the world's largest stock exchange by market capitalization of its listed companies at US$16.613 trillion as of May 2013. Average daily trading value was approximately US$169 billion in 2013. The NYSE trading floor is located at 11 Wall Street and is composed of four rooms used for the facilitation of trading. A fifth trading room, located at 30 Broad Street, was closed in February 2007. The main building, located at 18 Broad Street, between the corners of Wall Street and Exchange Place, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1978, as was the 11 Wall Street building. The NYSE is operated by NYSE Euronext (NYSE: NYX), which was formed by the NYSE's 2007 merger with the fully electronic stock exchange Euronext. In December 2012, it was announced that the company would be sold to Intercontinental Exchange (ICE), a futures exchange headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, for $8 billion, a figure that is significantly less than the $11 billion bid for the company tendered in 2011. The origin of the NYSE can be traced to May 17, 1792, when the Buttonwood Agreement was signed by 24 stockbrokers outside of 68 Wall Street in New York under a buttonwood tree on Wall Street.[10] On March 8, 1817, the organization drafted a constitution and renamed itself the "New York Stock & Exchange Board". Anthony Stockholm was elected the Exchange's first president. The last central location of the Exchange was a room, rented in 1792 for $200 a month, located at 40 Wall Street. After that location was destroyed in the Great Fire of New York in 1835, the Exchange moved to a temporary headquarters. In 1863, the New York Stock & Exchange Board changed to its current name, the New York Stock Exchange. In 1865, the Exchange moved to 10--12 Broad Street. The New York Stock Exchange was closed for ten days starting September 20, 1873, because of the Panic of 1873.[11] The volume of stocks traded increased sixfold in the years between 1896 and 1901, and a larger space was required to conduct business in the expanding marketplace.[12] Eight New York City architects were invited to participate in a design competition for a new building; ultimately, the Exchange selected the neoclassic design submitted by architect George B. Post. Demolition of the Exchange building at 10 Broad Street, and adjacent buildings, started on May 10, 1901. The main façade featuring six tall columns with Corinthian capitals The new building, located at 18 Broad Street, cost $4 million and opened on April 22, 1903. The trading floor, at 109 × 140 feet (33 × 42.5 m), was one of the largest volumes of space in the city at the time, and had a skylight set into a 72-foot (22 m)-high ceiling. The main façade of the building features six tall columns with Corinthian capitals, topped by a marble pediment containing high-relief sculptures by John Quincy Adams Ward with the collaboration of Paul Wayland Bartlett, carved by the Piccirilli Brothers, representing Integrity Protecting the Works of Man. The building was listed as a National Historic Landmark and added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 2, 1978.[13] In 1922, a building for offices, designed by Trowbridge & Livingston, was added at 11 Wall Street, as well as a new trading floor called the Garage. Additional trading floor space was added in 1969 the Blue Room, and in 1988 the EBR or Extended Blue Room, with the latest technology for information display and communication. Yet another trading floor was opened at 30 Broad Street called the Bond Room in 2000. As the NYSE introduced its hybrid market, a greater proportion of trading came to be executed electronically, and due to the resulting reduction in demand for trading floor space, the NYSE decided to close the 30 Broad Street trading room in early 2006. As the adoption of electronic trading continued to reduce the number of traders and employees on the floor, in late 2007, the NYSE closed the rooms created by the 1969 and 1988 expansions. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NYSE Image By Kowloonese (08:27, 30 May 2004) (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons
Views: 19003 The Film Archives
This Is Now The Longest US Government Shutdown In History
 
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Officially a month long today, the (partial) US government shutdown that began on Dec. 22 is now the longest in US history, surpassing both the 1995-96 shutdown (21 days) and 2013 shutdown (16 days), and with both Trump and the Democrats digging in, it shows no signs of ending any time soon. Indeed, Trump's latest proposal over the weekend to offer extended protections for "Dreamers" in exchange for border wall funding was rejected by Democratic leaders as a non-starter, suggesting both sides remain far apart. Learn More: https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-01-22/longest-government-shutdown-ever-market-its-also-greatest Your Support of Independent Media Is Appreciated: https://www.paypal.me/dahboo7 Bitcoin- 1Nmcbook8TwAdtZHsMdVxRtjBnyrSArDH5 TWITCH- Dahboo Seven : https://www.twitch.tv/dahbooseven https://teespring.com/stores/dahboo7 www.undergroundworldnews.com https://www.minds.com/DAHBOO7 My Other Youtube Channel- THE UNDERGROUND WORLD NEWS https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnLrtqd5qxC_f1lOnrybpnA DAHBOO777 https://www.youtube.com/Dahboo777 https://twitter.com/dahboo7 https://www.bitchute.com/profile/ZIGZbqlqH9wB/ https://www.instagram.com/dahboo7/ UWN Facebook- https://www.facebook.com/DAHBOO7/
Views: 3628 DAHBOO77
A History of Money and Banking Part 4: The Gold-Exchange Standard
 
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Part 4: The Gold Exchange Standard in the Interwar Years Written by Murray N. Rothbard Part 1: https://youtu.be/vbiZSUAFcrQ Part 2: https://youtu.be/hYdMtIMPzxw Part 3: https://youtu.be/USbXweZ4GSg Part 5: https://youtu.be/kJbDmsT0r-U
Views: 2046 Beckton Peddy
HISTORY OF IDEAS - The Renaissance
 
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The Renaissance is a historical period with some important lessons to teach us about how to improve the world today. We need to study it not for its own sake, but for the sake of our collective futures. Please subscribe here: http://tinyurl.com/o28mut7 If you like our films take a look at our shop (we ship worldwide): http://www.theschooloflife.com/shop/all/ Brought to you by http://www.theschooloflife.com Produced in collaboration with a man who is a genius: Signor Mike Booth http://www.youtube.com/somegreybloke Thank you So much Mike. #TheSchoolOfLife
Views: 871659 The School of Life
How Exchange Rates Work
 
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● We explain topics simply. So Subscribe if you want to learn while being entertained. ✔ Please like the video and comment if you enjoyed - it helps a lot! ▶ If you want a question answered then ask in the comments and we may make a video about it! About the video: You may have traveled a lot and wondered why you get more of one currency when you exchange it for another. If so, you have witnessed exchange rates in action, but do you know how they work? Watch the video to find out what exchange rates are, how to convert between them and the different systems which determine a currencies exchange rate. Historically the gold standard system had been used, which fixed currency to a select value of gold, held in a vault. The three main systems are the floating, managed and fixed exchange rate systems. The floating system has minimal government intervention, using supply and demand to determine the exchange rate. The managed exchange rate is allowed to be within a permitted band and a fixed exchange rate is usually pegged to a currency with the interest of being competitive in the international market. The video explains this in more detail and with helpful picture to guide you through the subject.
Views: 374758 SimplyExplain
The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you - Anthony Hazard
 
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Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-atlantic-slave-trade-what-your-textbook-never-told-you-anthony-hazard Slavery has occurred in many forms throughout the world, but the Atlantic slave trade -- which forcibly brought more than 10 million Africans to the Americas -- stands out for both its global scale and its lasting legacy. Anthony Hazard discusses the historical, economic and personal impact of this massive historical injustice. Lesson by Anthony Hazard, animation by NEIGHBOR.
Views: 4471096 TED-Ed
Christopher Columbus: What Really Happened
 
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Check out my new video about the First Thanksgiving on my new channel, "Uncivil History" here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ociHVDWxDaY&t=2s Subscribe for more videos: http://goo.gl/Z8E50 An educational animation which recounts the four voyages of Columbus. Hope you enjoy! Bibliography at bottom of description AUTHOR'S NOTE: This video is meant to give a non-bias account of the events which unfolded when Columbus and his crew made contact with the people of the Caribbean. Of course, I was not able to fit everything into the video; I had to omit details, such as the fact that the Taino were not the only people that Columbus encountered (there were also the Ciguayo tribe and Carib cannibals). A second particular is that not all fault should lie directly on Columbus' shoulders. His crew of 1,200 for the second journey consisted partly of convicts and landless nobles, the worst type of people with which to build a settlement. Another fact is that Columbus grew up in societies (Genoa, then Portugal) that kept domestic slaves. I have no political agenda for making this video. I am a student of history and I have tried to give an account of Columbus' journeys that is as close as we can possibly get to the truth. I will I admit that I am not a fan of Columbus. I think he was cruel, even for his time. We cannot judge a 15th-century human from a 21st-century perspective; but even for the 15th century, he was an awful arbiter. Sources: Bergreen, Laurence. Columbus: The Four Voyages. Viking Penguin, 2011. Carman, Harry J., and Harold C. Syrett. A History of the American People. Vol. 1. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1952. Fernandez-Armesto, Felipe. 1492; The Year the World Began. Harper Collins e-books, 2009. Hale, Edward E. The Life of Christopher Columbus from His Own Letters and Journals. Rockville, Maryland: Arc Manor, 2008. Haywood, John. Historical Atlas of the Medieval World. New York: Metro Books, 2000. Jotischky, Andrew, and Caroline Hull. Historical Atlas of the Medieval World. London: The Penguin Group, 2005. Loewen, James, Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong. New York: Touchstone, 1995. Lybyer, A. H., "The Ottoman Turks and the Routes of Oriental Trade," The English Historical Review, Vol. 30, No. 120. (Oct., 1915), pp. 577-588. Mann, Charles. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. New York: Vintage Books, 1995. Morison, Samuel Eliot. Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus. Boston: Little Brown and Co. 1942. Phillips, William & Phillips, Carla, The Worlds of Christopher Columbus. Cambridge University Press, 1992. Pickering, Keith. The Columbus Navigation Homepage. http://www.columbusnavigation.com/cctl.shtml Pohl, John. The Conquistador: 1492-1550. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2001 . Sale, Kirkpatrick. Christopher Columbus and the Conquest of Paradise. London: Tauris Parke Paperbacks, 2006. Scafetta, Joesph Jr. Columbus and the Indians: Friend of Foe? http://www.osia.org/documents/Columbus_FriendorFoe.pdf The Most Important Maps Since the Dawn of Printing, Part I: Tradition and Innovation. Arader Galleries. Udovitch, A. L. '"Levant Trade in the Later Middle Ages'", The American Historical Review, Vol. 91, No. 1 (Feb., 1986), 92. Varela, C. Cristobal Colon: Textos y Documentos Completos. Madrid: Alianza, 1984. Vignaud, Henry. "Columbus: A Spaniard and a Jew", The American Historical Review, Vol. 18, No. 3 (April, 1913), pp. 505-512. Wilford, John Noble. The Mysterious History of Christopher Columbus: An Exploration of the Man, the Myth, the Legacy. (1991) Young, Filson. Christopher Columbus and the New World of His Discovery. Vol. 6. London: E. Grant Richards, 1906.
Views: 3265088 Bad Crayfish Productions
The Great Depression: Crash Course US History #33
 
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You can directly support Crash Course at https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content. In which John Green teaches you about the Great Depression. So, everybody knows that the Great Depression started with the stock market crash in 1929, right? Not exactly. The Depression happened after the stock market crash, but wasn't caused by the crash. John will teach you about how the depression started, what Herbert Hoover tried to do to fix it, and why those efforts failed. Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. The Roaring Twenties ended with The Great Depression, a period of soul-searching for the United States dealing with a failing middle class: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-great-depression The issues of the Great Depression were made more difficult by the agricultural crisis known as the Dust Bowl: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/excerpt-from-on-drought-conditions
Views: 3233540 CrashCourse
The History of the Nasdaq PHLX Exchange
 
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The Philadelphia Stock Exchange, now known as Nasdaq PHLX, is the oldest U.S. stock exchange and was founded in 1790. Watch the video to learn more about our rich history and plans for the future.
Views: 1353 Nasdaq
SEC - The United States Securities And Exchange Commission
 
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What is SEC? The United States Securities and Exchange Comission was founded years and years ago to protect participants of the stock market. SEC offers services for investors and traders. You can use SEC EDGAR search to find financial information about any public stock. The United States Securities and Exchange Commission was create to protect participants of the stock market and to regulate buying and selling processess.
Views: 6070 Joyful Investor
The Renaissance: Was it a Thing? - Crash Course World History #22
 
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In which John Green teaches you about the European Renaissance. European learning changed the world in the 15th and 16th century, but was it a cultural revolution, or an evolution? We'd argue that any cultural shift that occurs over a couple of hundred years isn't too overwhelming to the people who live through it. In retrospect though, the cultural bloom in Europe during this time was pretty impressive. In addition to investigating what caused the Renaissance and who benefitted from the changes that occurred, John will tell you just how the Ninja Turtles got mixed up in all this. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 4287583 CrashCourse
What Is the Securities & Exchange Commission? Is It Effective? U.S. Finance
 
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Within the SEC, there are five divisions. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the SEC has 11 regional offices throughout the US. The SEC's divisions are:[10] Corporation Finance Trading and Markets Investment Management Enforcement Economic and Risk Analysis Corporation Finance is the division that oversees the disclosure made by public companies, as well as the registration of transactions, such as mergers, made by companies. The division is also responsible for operating EDGAR. The Trading and Markets division oversees self-regulatory organizations such as the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) and Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board (MSRB) and all broker-dealer firms and investment houses. This division also interprets proposed changes to regulations and monitors operations of the industry. In practice, the SEC delegates most of its enforcement and rulemaking authority to FINRA. In fact, all trading firms not regulated by other SROs must register as a member of FINRA. Individuals trading securities must pass exams administered by FINRA to become registered representatives.[11][12] The Investment Management Division oversees registered investment companies, which include mutual funds, as well as registered investment advisors. These entities are subject to extensive regulation under various federals securities laws.[13] The Division of Investment Management administers various federal securities laws, in particular the Investment Company Act of 1940 and Investment Advisers Act of 1940. This division's responsibilities include:[14] assisting the Commission in interpreting laws and regulations for the public and SEC inspection and enforcement staff; responding to no-action requests and requests for exemptive relief; reviewing investment company and investment adviser filings; assisting the Commission in enforcement matters involving investment companies and advisers; and advising the Commission on adapting SEC rules to new circumstances. The Enforcement Division works with the other three divisions, and other Commission offices, to investigate violations of the securities laws and regulations and to bring actions against alleged violators. The SEC generally conducts investigations in private. The SEC's staff may seek voluntary production of documents and testimony, or may seek a formal order of investigation from the SEC, which allows the staff to compel the production of documents and witness testimony. The SEC can bring a civil action in a U.S. District Court, or an administrative proceeding which is heard by an independent administrative law judge (ALJ). The SEC does not have criminal authority, but may refer matters to state and federal prosecutors. The director of the SEC's Enforcement Division Robert Khuzami left the office in February 2013.[15] Among the SEC's offices are: The Office of General Counsel, which acts as the agency's "lawyer" before federal appellate courts and provides legal advice to the Commission and other SEC divisions and offices; The Office of the Chief Accountant, which establishes and enforces accounting and auditing policies set by the SEC. This office has played a role in such areas as working with the Financial Accounting Standards Board to develop Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board in developing audit requirements, and the International Accounting Standards Board in advancing the development of International Financial Reporting Standards; The Office of Compliance, Inspections and Examinations, which inspects broker-dealers, stock exchanges, credit rating agencies, registered investment companies, including both closed-end and open-end (mutual funds) investment companies, money funds. and Registered Investment Advisors; The Office of International Affairs, which represents the SEC abroad and which negotiates international enforcement information-sharing agreements, develops the SEC's international regulatory policies in areas such as mutual recognition, and helps develop international regulatory standards through organizations such as the International Organization of Securities Commissions and the Financial Stability Forum; The Office of Investor Education and Advocacy, which helps educate the public about securities markets and warns investors of fraud and stock market scams; The Office of Economic Analysis, which helps the SEC estimate the economic costs and benefits of its various rules and regulations; and The Office of Information Technology, which supports the Commission and staff in information technology, including application development, infrastructure operations. and engineering, user support, IT program management, capital planning, security, and enterprise architecture. The Inspector General. The SEC announced in January 2013 that it had named Carl Hoecker the new inspector general.[16][17] He has a staff of 22. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Securities_and_Exchange_Commission
Views: 5838 Way Back
Coal, Steam, and The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course World History #32
 
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Mongols Shirts and Crash Course Posters! http://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse In which John Green wraps up revolutions month with what is arguably the most revolutionary of modern revolutions, the Industrial Revolution. While very few leaders were beheaded in the course of this one, it changed the lives of more people more dramatically than any of the political revolutions we've discussed. So, why did the Industrial Revolution happen around 1750 in the United Kingdom? Coal. Easily accessible coal, it turns out. All this, plus you'll finally learn the difference between James Watt and Thomas Newcomen, and will never again be caught telling people that your blender has a 900 Newcomen motor. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3969821 CrashCourse
The Exchange that Changed the World: Columbian Exchange. APUSH TV.
 
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Find out how the Columbian Exchange changed the world- Europe, Asia, Africa, and the New World. APUSH TV is brought to you by Apprend.io- the best in APUSH Reviews.
Views: 4918 Apprend
The Columbian Exchange
 
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Columbus's voyage connected the Americas, Europe, and Africa in a web of exchange that transformed the environments of the Old World and the New World. US history on Khan Academy: From a mosquito-ridden backwater to the world's last remaining superpower, the United States of America is a nation with a rich history and a noble goal: government of the people, by the people, for the people. Its citizens' struggle to achieve that goal is a dramatic story stretching over hundreds of years. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s US History channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCurOvzSAIe84sW8zwPGHUHg?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 139304 Khan Academy
US Dollar to Indian Rupee - History and Exchange Rate Explained by iCompareFx
 
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To learn more about the two best money transfer companies for USD to INR, please visit https://www.icomparefx.com/currency-pair/usd-inr/ Learn the insights and history of US Dollar to INR exchange rate and two best online money transfer company options who offer the best rates and services as well.
Views: 25 iCompareFX
New York Stock Exchange: Companies, Careers, Dow Jones, Futures, History (1991)
 
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William Henry Donaldson (born June 2, 1931) was the 27th Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), serving from February 2003 to June 2005. He served as Under Secretary of State for International Security Affairs in the Nixon Administration, as a special adviser to Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, Chairman and CEO of the New York Stock Exchange, and Chairman, President and CEO of Aetna. Donaldson founded Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette. Donaldson attended both Yale University (B.A. 1953) and Harvard University (M.B.A. 1958). While he was a senior at Yale, he joined its Skull and Bones secret society.[3][4] He began his career at G.H. Walker & Co..[5] He was Chairman of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace from 1999 to 2003. Donaldson returned to Yale and founded the Yale School of Management, where he served as dean and professor of management studies. The main building of the school continues to display a live size portrait of him and the premier leadership award at Yale School of Management is called "Donaldson Fellows". He also served in the United States Marine Corps.[6] Donaldson is a chartered financial analyst (CFA) charterholder and has received a number of honorary degrees. Donaldson is the father of three children and is married to Jane Phillips Donaldson. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_H._Donaldson On October 19, 1987, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) dropped 508 points, a 22.6% loss in a single day, the second-biggest one-day drop the exchange had experienced. Black Monday was followed by Terrible Tuesday, a day in which the Exchange's systems did not perform well and some people had difficulty completing their trades. Subsequently, there was another major drop for the Dow on October 13, 1989—the Mini-Crash of 1989. The crash was apparently caused by a reaction to a news story of a $6.75 billion leveraged buyout deal for UAL Corporation, the parent company of United Airlines, which broke down. When the UAL deal fell through, it helped trigger the collapse of the junk bond market causing the Dow to fall 190.58 points, or 6.91 percent. Similarly, there was a panic in the financial world during the year of 1997; the Asian Financial Crisis. Like the fall of many foreign markets, the Dow suffered a 7.18% drop in value (554.26 points) on October 27, 1997, in what later became known as the 1997 Mini-Crash but from which the DJIA recovered quickly. This was the first time that the "circuit breaker" rule had operated. On January 26, 2000, an altercation during filming of the music video for "Sleep Now in the Fire", which was directed by Michael Moore, caused the doors of the exchange to be closed and the band Rage Against the Machine to be escorted from the site by security[19] after band members attempted to gain entry into the exchange. The video shoot had attracted several hundred people, according to a representative for the city’s Deputy Commissioner for Public Information.[20] New York City's film office does not allow weekday film shoots on Wall Street. Moore had permission to use the steps of Federal Hall but did not have a permit to shoot on the sidewalk or the street, nor did he have a loud-noise permit or the proper parking permits.[21] "Michael basically gave us one directorial instruction, "No matter what happens, don't stop playing," Tom Morello recalls. When the band left the steps, NYPD apprehended Moore and led him away. Moore yelled to the band, "Take the New York Stock Exchange!"[22] In an interview with the Socialist Worker, Morello said he and scores of others ran into the Stock Exchange. "About two hundred of us got through the first set of doors, but our charge was stopped when the Stock Exchange's titanium riot doors came crashing down."[23] "For a few minutes, Rage Against the Machine was able to shut down American capitalism," Moore said. "An act that I am sure tens of thousands of downsized citizens would cheer."[19] Trading on the exchange floor, however, continued uninterrupted. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Stock_Exchange
Views: 279 Way Back
DB Crash Course US History: Work, Exchange, and Technology
 
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This is a video about the events and people all throughout US history from the pre-colonial era to post WWII, with regards to work, exchange, and technology. It was made for my APUSH class at DBHS. (If the real John Green is reading this, hi!! Your work is amazingly helpful, creative, and inspirational, thank you.) Crew: Ahmad Abu Nasra, Ajeet Bhatia, Stephanie Pan, Sebastian Houng, Ari Muramoto, and Travis Lee Shift Control 2016 Edited by Ajeet Bhatia I do not own many materials used in this video.
Views: 257 Paul Bhatia
SEC - Security & Exchange Commission - USA
 
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Welcome to the Investors Trading Academy talking glossary of financial terms and events. Our word of the day is “SEC - Security & Exchange Commission - USA” The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 governs the way in which the nation's securities markets and its brokers and dealers operate. When the stock market crashed in October 1929, so did public confidence in the U.S. markets. Congress held hearings to identify the problems and search for solutions. Based on its findings, Congress – in the peak year of the Depression – passed the Securities Act of 1933. The following year, it passed the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which created the SEC. The SEC has four major divisions. 1. The Division of Corporation Finance ensures corporate disclosure of important information to the investing public. 2. The Division of Trading and Markets ensures fairness, order and efficiency in market activities. 3. The Division of Investment Management helps protect investors and encourages capital formation through oversight and regulation of the investment management industry. 4. The Division of Enforcement investigates securities law violations and initiates civil and criminal actions. The SEC is composed of five commissioners appointed by the U.S. President and approved by the Senate. The statutes administered by the SEC are designed to promote full public disclosure and to protect the investing public against fraudulent and manipulative practices in the securities markets. Generally, most issues of securities offered in interstate commerce, through the mail or on the internet must be registered with the SEC. By Barry Norman, Investors Trading Academy - ITA
The American Revolution - OverSimplified (Part 2)
 
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First 200 people get 20% off Brilliant! - https://brilliant.org/OverSimplified/ MERCH: https://oversimplified.tv/merch Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/OverSimple Want to know how I make these videos? I use Adobe After Effects and Photoshop. Get them here - https://goo.gl/zPHcm2 Twitter: https://twitter.com/over_simplified Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/OverSimplified/ Instagram: https://www.instragram.com/over_simplified https://www.oversimplified.tv --ATTRIBUTIONS-- Images licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/): - Paisley Pattern - bote jeghe (https://www.brusheezy.com/patterns/38871-paisley-pattern-bote-jeghe-num-2) - Complete Tree Brush Pack (https://www.brusheezy.com/brushes/1312-complete-tree-brush-pack) - Distressed Ink Texture (https://www.brusheezy.com/textures/54009-distressed-ink-texture-overlays) - Vintage Repeat pattern (https://www.brusheezy.com/patterns/1995-vintage-repeat-pattern) - Vector Flower Brushes (https://www.brusheezy.com/brushes/12737-vector-flower-brushes) -Spanish Flag by durero (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bandera_de_Espa%C3%B1a_1760-1785.svg) - Fleur de Lis by Sodacan (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fleur-de-lis#/media/File:Fleur_de_lys_(or).svg) -Versailles by Myrabella (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chateau_Versailles_Galerie_des_Glaces.jpg) - Queen Elizabeth II by Presidencia de la República Mexicana (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HM_Queen_Elizabeth_II.jpg) - Ryde Ladies Bowling Team by zorilla (https://www.flickr.com/photos/barry_b/231753697) - Bald Eagle over Homer by Andy Morffew (https://www.flickr.com/photos/andymorffew/25225263373) - Science Symbol by AllyUnion/Stannered (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Science-symbol-2.svg) - Fried Chicken by EvanAmos (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fried-Chicken-Leg.jpg) World Map NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Image by Reto Stöckli (land surface, shallow water, clouds). Enhancements by Robert Simmon (ocean color, compositing, 3D globes, animation). Data and technical support: MODIS Land Group; MODIS Science Data Support Team; MODIS Atmosphere Group; MODIS Ocean Group Additional data: USGS EROS Data Center (topography); USGS Terrestrial Remote Sensing Flagstaff Field Center (Antarctica); Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (city lights). All music by Kevin Macleod (incompetech.com) licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/): The Descent Who Likes To Party Hard Boiled Crossing the Chasm Expeditionary Americana Covert Affair Investigations Digya Expeditionary I Knew A Guy Kool Kats Infados Bumbly March Marty Gots A Plan Fife And Drum Achaidh Cheide Loopster Ave Marimba Faceoff The following tracks by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://audionautix.com: Dark Mystery Chasin' It The Buccaneer's Haul by Shane Ivers - https://www.silvermansound.com Additional music acquired royalty free via ArtList All sound effects licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/): - Airy Whoosh by sonictechtonic (https://freesound.org/people/sonictechtonic/sounds/243567/) - Synthesized Explosion 08 by RSilveira_88 (https://freesound.org/people/RSilveira_88/sounds/216271/) - footsteps muddy by inspectorj (https://freesound.org/people/InspectorJ/sounds/329603/) - Big Splash by DarcyDunes (https://freesound.org/people/darcydunes/sounds/273834/) - Horse Galloping by alanmcki (https://freesound.org/people/alanmcki/sounds/403026/) - Pencil Writing Close by InspectorJ (https://freesound.org/people/InspectorJ/sounds/398271/) - Medium Wind by kangaroovindaloo (https://freesound.org/people/kangaroovindaloo/sounds/205966/) - Giggle by Silversatyr (https://freesound.org/people/silversatyr/sounds/333275/) - Walk Mud by jankoehl (https://freesound.org/people/JanKoehl/sounds/85604/) - 0384 Flags by bmoreno (https://freesound.org/people/bmoreno/sounds/164191/) - Cash Register by kiddpark (https://freesound.org/people/kiddpark/sounds/201159/)
Views: 5964252 OverSimplified
Stock Market: "What Makes Us Tick" 1952 New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
 
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more at http://money.quickfound.net/ "Cartoon promoting the stock market as the engine of America's prosperity." Reupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound. Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stock_market ...The purpose of a stock exchange is to facilitate the exchange of securities between buyers and sellers, thus providing a marketplace (virtual or real). The exchanges provide real-time trading information on the listed securities, facilitating price discovery. The New York Stock Exchange is a physical exchange, also referred to as a listed exchange -- only stocks listed with the exchange may be traded. Orders enter by way of exchange members and flow down to a floor broker, who goes to the floor trading post specialist for that stock to trade the order. The specialist's job is to match buy and sell orders using open outcry. If a spread exists, no trade immediately takes place—in this case the specialist should use his/her own resources (money or stock) to close the difference after his/her judged time. Once a trade has been made the details are reported on the "tape" and sent back to the brokerage firm, which then notifies the investor who placed the order. Although there is a significant amount of human contact in this process, computers play an important role, especially for so-called "program trading". The NASDAQ is a virtual listed exchange, where all of the trading is done over a computer network. The process is similar to the New York Stock Exchange. However, buyers and sellers are electronically matched. One or more NASDAQ market makers will always provide a bid and ask price at which they will always purchase or sell 'their' stock. The Paris Bourse, now part of Euronext, is an order-driven, electronic stock exchange. It was automated in the late 1980s. Prior to the 1980s, it consisted of an open outcry exchange. Stockbrokers met on the trading floor or the Palais Brongniart. In 1986, the CATS trading system was introduced, and the order matching process was fully automated. From time to time, active trading (especially in large blocks of securities) have moved away from the 'active' exchanges. Securities firms, led by UBS AG, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and Credit Suisse Group, already steer 12 percent of U.S. security trades away from the exchanges to their internal systems. That share probably will increase to 18 percent by 2010 as more investment banks bypass the NYSE and NASDAQ and pair buyers and sellers of securities themselves, according to data compiled by Boston-based Aite Group LLC, a brokerage-industry consultant. Now that computers have eliminated the need for trading floors like the Big Board's, the balance of power in equity markets is shifting. By bringing more orders in-house, where clients can move big blocks of stock anonymously, brokers pay the exchanges less in fees and capture a bigger share of the $11 billion a year that institutional investors pay in trading commissions... In 12th century France the courratiers de change were concerned with managing and regulating the debts of agricultural communities on behalf of the banks. Because these men also traded with debts, they could be called the first brokers. A common misbelief is that in late 13th century Bruges commodity traders gathered inside the house of a man called Van der Beurze, and in 1309 they became the "Brugse Beurse", institutionalizing what had been, until then, an informal meeting, but actually, the family Van der Beurze had a building in Antwerp where those gatherings occurred; the Van der Beurze had Antwerp, as most of the merchants of that period, as their primary place for trading. The idea quickly spread... In the middle of the 13th century, Venetian bankers began to trade in government securities. In 1351 the Venetian government outlawed spreading rumors intended to lower the price of government funds. Bankers in Pisa, Verona, Genoa and Florence also began trading in government securities during the 14th century... Italian companies were also the first to issue shares. Companies in England and the Low Countries followed in the 16th century. The Dutch East India Company (founded in 1602) was the first joint-stock company to get a fixed capital stock and as a result, continuous trade in company stock emerged on the Amsterdam Exchange. Soon thereafter, a lively trade in various derivatives, among which options and repos, emerged on the Amsterdam market. Dutch traders also pioneered short selling...
Views: 1792 Jeff Quitney
1 U S Dollar USD to Bangladeshi Taka BDT Exchange Rate
 
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1 U S Dollar USD to Bangladeshi Taka BDT Exchange Rate https://www.dollarsellbd.net/ our currency rankings show that the most popular bangladesh taka exchange rate is the eur to bdt rate.. usd dollar exchange to bdt bkash full tutorial bangla. euro bangladeshi taka exchange rate history eur bdt. euro to bangladeshi taka exchange rate chart.
The Columbian Exchange
 
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Help us caption & translate this video! https://amara.org/v/ky1k/
Views: 959 Professor Baltimore
WALL STREET HISTORIC FILM  NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE "BEHIND THE TICKER TAPE" 72892
 
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Dating from 1957, "Behind the Ticker Tape" tells the story of the American Stock Exchange (now NYSE), showing how securities sales have evolved over the years, and giving a profile of the ASE at the height of its activity. NYSE MKT LLC, formerly known as the American Stock Exchange (AMEX), is an American stock exchange situated in New York City, New York. AMEX was previously a mutual organization, owned by its members. Until 1953, it was known as the New York Curb Exchange. On January 17, 2008, NYSE Euronext announced it would acquire the AMEX for $260 million in stock; on October 1, 2008, NYSE Euronext completed the acquisition. Before the closing of the acquisition, NYSE Euronext announced that the AMEX would be integrated with the Alternext European small-cap exchange and renamed the NYSE Alternext U.S. In March 2009, NYSE Alternext U.S. was changed to NYSE Amex Equities. On May 10, 2012, NYSE Amex Equities changed its name to NYSE MKT LLC. These brokers often traded stocks that were speculative in nature. With the discovery of oil in the latter half of the 19th century, even oil stocks entered into the curb market. By 1865, following the American Civil War, stocks in small industrial companies, such as iron and steel, textiles and chemicals were first sold by curbstone brokers. Efforts to organize and standardize the market started early in the 20th century under Emanuel S. Mendels and Carl H. Pforzheimer.. In 1908, the New York Curb Market Agency was established, to codify trading practices. In 1911, the curbstone brokers came to be known as the New York Curb Market, which then had a formal constitution with brokerage and listing standards. After several years of outdoor trading, the curbstone brokers moved indoors in 1921 to New York Curb Exchange Building on Greenwich Street in Lower Manhattan. In 1929, the New York Curb Market changed its name to the New York Curb Exchange. Within no time, the Curb Exchange became the leading international stock market, listing more foreign issues than all other U.S. securities markets combined. In 1953 the Curb Exchange was renamed the American Stock Exchange. Paul Kolton was named as president of the exchange in 1971, making him the first person to be selected from within the exchange to serve as its leader, succeeding Ralph S. Saul, who announced his resignation in March 1971. In November 1972, Kolton was named as the exchange's first chief executive officer and its first salaried top executive. Kolton opposed the idea of a merger with the New York Stock Exchange while he headed the exchange saying that "two independent, viable exchanges are much more likely to be responsive to new pressures and public needs than a single institution". Kolton announced in July 1977 that he would be leaving his position at the American Exchange in November of that year. The American Stock Exchange merged with the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE Euronext) on October 1, 2008.[4] Post merger, the Amex equities business was branded "NYSE Alternext US". As part of the re-branding exercise, NYSE Alternext US was re-branded as NYSE Amex Equities. On December 1, 2008, the Curb Exchange building at 86 Trinity Place was closed, and the Amex Equities trading floor was moved to the NYSE Trading floor at 11 Wall Street. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Views: 12648 PeriscopeFilm
The Foreign Exchange Market and Forex Trading Explained in One Minute
 
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The foreign exchange (aka forex) market is the largest by far in terms of trading volume and it should come as no surprise that more and more people want to make money in it through forex trading. So... should you sign up for an account with a forex broker and become a forex trader? Let's find out what forex trading is all about and whether or not it's a good option for most people. Please like, comment and subscribe if you've enjoyed the video. To support the channel, give me a minute (see what I did there?) of your time by visiting OneMinuteEconomics.com and reading my message. Bitcoin donations can be sent to 1AFYgM8Cmiiu5HjcXaP5aS1fEBJ5n3VDck and PayPal donations to [email protected], any and all support is greatly appreciated! Oh and I've also started playing around with Patreon, my link is: https://www.patreon.com/oneminuteeconomics Interested in reading a good book? My first book, Wealth Management 2.0 (through which I do my best to help people manage their wealth properly, whether we're talking about someone who has a huge amount of money at his disposal or someone who is still living paycheck to paycheck), can be bought using the links below: Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Wealth-Management-2-0-Financial-Professionals-ebook/dp/B01I1WA2BK Barnes & Noble - http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/wealth-management-20-andrei-polgar/1124435282?ean=2940153328942 iBooks (Apple) - https://itun.es/us/wYSveb.l Kobo - https://store.kobobooks.com/en-us/ebook/wealth-management-2-0 My second book, the Wall Street Journal and USA Today bestseller The Age of Anomaly (through which I help people prepare for financial calamities and become more financially resilient in general), can be bought using the links below. Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Age-Anomaly-Spotting-Financial-Uncertainty-ebook/dp/B078SYL5YS Barnes & Noble - https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/the-age-of-anomaly-andrei-polgar/1127084693?ean=2940155383970 iBooks (Apple) - https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/age-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-sea-uncertainty/id1331704265 Kobo - https://www.kobo.com/ww/en/ebook/the-age-of-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-a-sea-of-uncertainty Last but not least, if you'd like to follow me on social media, use one of the links below: https://www.facebook.com/oneminuteeconomics https://twitter.com/andreipolgar https://ro.linkedin.com/in/andrei-polgar-9a11a561
Views: 22584 One Minute Economics
HISTORY OF IRAQI DINAR EXCHANGE RATE (Symbol IQD)
 
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Transcript http://www.iqdcalls.com/dinar-history.html
Views: 11423 IQD Calls
Stock Market : History of the New York Stock Exchange
 
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The New York Stock Exchange began in 1792, with people exchanging certificates at a common meeting place for George Washington. Learn about the movement of the New York Stock Exchange over the years with help from a personal asset manager in this free video on investing in the stock market and money management. Expert: Roger Groh Bio: Roger Groh is the founder of Groh Asset Management. Filmmaker: Bing Hu
Views: 5084 ehowfinance
Imports, Exports, and Exchange Rates: Crash Course Economics #15
 
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What is a trade deficit? Well, it all has to do with imports and exports and, well, trade. This week Jacob and Adriene walk you through the basics of imports, exports, and exchange. So, you remember the specialization and trade thing, right? So, that leads to imports and exports. Economically, in the aggregate, this is usually a good thing. Globalization and free trade do tend to increase overall wealth. But not everybody wins. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 937052 CrashCourse
Stock Exchange & Index of the world - Static General Knowledge
 
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StudyIQ Pendrive Courses https://goo.gl/aTFK6Q or Call 9580048004 or Live Chat Support - https://goo.gl/s68PZ1 UPSCIQ - A Monthly Magazine by StudyIQ http://bit.ly/2DH1ZWq Videos PDFs - https://goo.gl/X8UMwF || Join StudyIQ on Telegram - https://goo.gl/xBR3g8 UPSC/CSE 2019 - https://goo.gl/UrCD46 SSC & Bank - https://goo.gl/9LQ4Ai UPSC Optionals - https://goo.gl/rtmXRU State PSCs - https://goo.gl/FDB32q Defence Exams - https://goo.gl/UEmtRz SSC JE Exams - https://goo.gl/2WyU1Z RBI Grade B - https://goo.gl/PY32m6 NABARD Grade A - https://goo.gl/C6CzAL DMRC Exams - https://goo.gl/yDnvyf Insurance Exams - https://goo.gl/iLEFxf CLAT 2019 - https://goo.gl/Burjtj Railway Jobs - https://goo.gl/5KaL7h Teaching Jobs - https://goo.gl/q117TX UPSC Prelim 2019Test Series -https://goo.gl/zkCG51 #StudyIQ #Pendrive_Courses https://goo.gl/aTFK6Q or #Call_9580048004 or Live Chat Support - https://goo.gl/s68PZ1 Free PDFs - https://goo.gl/cJufZc || Free Quiz - https://goo.gl/wCxZsy || Free Video Courses - https://goo.gl/jtMKP9" Follow us on Facebook - https://goo.gl/iAhPDJ Telegram - https://t.me/Studyiqeducation The Hindu Editorial Analysis - https://goo.gl/vmvHjG Current Affairs by Dr Gaurav Garg - https://goo.gl/bqfkXe UPSC/IAS Burning Issues analysis- https://goo.gl/2NG7vP World History for UPSC - https://goo.gl/J7DLXv Indian History - https://goo.gl/kVwB79 Follow us on Facebook - https://goo.gl/iAhPDJ Follow Dr Gaurav Garg on Facebook - https://goo.gl/xqLaQm UPSC/IAS past papers questions - https://goo.gl/F5gyWH SSC CGL + IBPS Quantitative tricks - https://goo.gl/C6d9n8 English Vocabulary - https://goo.gl/G9e04H Reasoning tricks for Bank PO + SSC CGL- https://goo.gl/a68WRN Error spotting / Sentence correction https://goo.gl/6RbdjC Static GK complete- https://goo.gl/kB0uAo Complete GK + Current Affairs for all exams- https://goo.gl/MKEoLy World History - UPSC / IAS - https://goo.gl/kwU9jC Learn English for SSC CGL, Bank PO https://goo.gl/MoL2it Science and Technology for UPSC/IAS - https://goo.gl/Jm4h8j Philosophy for UPSC/IAS - https://goo.gl/FH9p3n Yojana Magazine analysis -https://goo.gl/8oK1gy History for SSC CGL + Railways NTPC - https://goo.gl/7939e
Views: 35769 Study IQ education
History Of Bombay Stock Exchange! एक बरगद के पेड़ के नीचे से कैसे हुई शुरुआत
 
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The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is an Indian stock exchange located at Dalal Street, Kala Ghoda, Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India. Established in 1875, the BSE is Asia’s first stock exchange, It claims to be the world's fastest stock exchange, with a median trade speed of 6 microseconds,[3] The BSE is the world's 11th largest stock exchange with an overall market capitalization of more than $ 2 Trillion as of July, 2017. Subscribe Us for Latest News & Updates ►http://bit.ly/NMFNEWS Download the NMF News APP ► http://bit.ly/2gIeX6Y Stay Connected with Us : Facebook ► http://bit.ly/2hrPApV Tumblr ► http://bit.ly/2gIe1zq Blogger ► http://bit.ly/2grbqwa Music Credit: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100708 Artist: http://incompetech.com/
Views: 22134 NMF News
Pak Rupee US Dollar Exchange Rate 1948 | PAK Rs vs US Dollar - TSKupdates
 
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Information about Pakistani Rupees vs US Dollar. after 1947 and today. big difference between 1948 to 2017. Pakistani rupees vs us dollar rate Pakistani rupees vs us dollar price in 1947 price of rupees vs dollar in 2000 price of rupees vs dollar in 1948 price of rupees vs dollar, -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Imran Khan se koi Larki agar bach gayi to - TSKupdates" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e26N_lizd3M -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 6685 TSK updates
pound sterling to usd
pound sterling symbol
pound sterling exchange rate
pound sterling vs us dollar
 
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Views: 2 PoojaLundaz
EXCHANGE RATE TREND (US Dollar to Pakistani and Indian Rupee)
 
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The historical trend analysis covers the period from 1847 to 2017 wtih the interval of 5 years.
Views: 1102 Bilal Naqeeb
The Columbian Exchange
 
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Explore the effects of Columbus and the Columbian Exchange, which will change the future of both the new and old worlds. Check out the HipHughes Arsenal with over 400 vids! https://docs.google.com/document/d/1X-t3fPhfpmONu3D82GNYGeZr8svg0Q6TgrTTisQsRUY/edit or explore the WORLD HISTORY playlist https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL63FCC94DD9F44C96
Views: 40227 Hip Hughes
American History: The Greatest Speeches (1933-2008)
 
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America's major events told through the words of its leaders, since the widespread adoption of the film camera as a communication tool. Through the speeches of Franklin Delano Roosevelt to Martin Luther King, Jr. to Barack Obama, a look at the major moments that have defined the modern history of the United States. Subscribe to TDC: https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConversation/ Watch the full speeches: Franklin Delano Roosevelt March 4, 1933 “The Only Thing We Have To Fear Is Fear Itself” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MX_v0zxM23Q FDR December 8, 1941 Pearl Harbor, “A Date Which Will Live In Infamy” http://youtube.com/watch?v=lK8gYGg0dkE Harry Truman August 6, 1945 The Bombing of Hiroshima https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FN_UJJ9ObDs Dwight Eisenhower January 17, 1961 The Military Industrial Complex https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJd5oG4t1fg John F. Kennedy January 20, 1961 JFK's Inaugural Address http://youtube.com/watch?v=fSZSbIAZlpQ JFK June 26, 1963 “Ich Bin Ein Berliner” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GK907TwM7q0 Martin Luther King, Jr. August 28, 1963 “I Have A Dream” youtube.com/watch?v=n82rgdbM9G4 Lyndon Baines Johnson March 15, 1965 LBJ’s Voting Rights Speech https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNjlwwf2K9g LBJ January 12, 1966 Vietnam War https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j17cDGMRM1U MLK April 3, 1968 “I’ve Been To The Mountaintop” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oehry1JC9Rk Robert F. Kennedy April 4, 1968 RFK Announces MLK’s Passing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vT3Hp9kSrpA Richard Nixon August 9, 1974 Nixon Resigns Amid Watergate https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zLHc8NR_v-8 Ronald Reagan January 28, 1986 Challenger Disaster http://youtube.com/watch?v=F1W_P2qmemM Ronald Reagan June 12, 1987 At the Berlin Wall: “Tear Down This Wall” http://youtube.com/watch?v=lZNttC-xCMA George H.W. Bush January 17, 1991 The Gulf War Against Saddam Hussein and Iraq https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IFrnQHaQWoA Bill Clinton January 27, 2000 The 2000 State Of The Union http://youtube.com/watch?v=vg_qI3yzCLk George W. Bush September 14, 2001 9/11 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PtVMHjygw8Y Barack Obama November 4, 2008 2008 Grant Park Victory Speech https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNtJRPcPCcw Like our page on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/thedailyconversation Join us on Google+ https://plus.google.com/100134925804523235350/posts Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/thedailyconvo protest tyt election china fox news
Views: 2517406 The Daily Conversation
The Roman Empire. Or Republic. Or...Which Was It?: Crash Course World History #10
 
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In which John Green explores exactly when Rome went from being the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. Here's a hint: it had something to do with Julius Caesar, but maybe less than you think. Find out how Caesar came to rule the empire, what led to him getting stabbed 23 times on the floor of the senate, and what happened in the scramble for power after his assassination. John covers Rome's transition from city-state to dominant force in the Mediterranean in less than 12 minutes. Well, Rome's expansion took hundreds of years, he just explains it in under 12 minutes. The senate, the people, Rome, the caesarian section, the Julian calendar and our old friend Pompey all make appearances, but NOT the Caesar Salad, as Julius had nothing to do with it. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 5210519 CrashCourse
Taliban releases video of US soldier Bowe Bergdahl prisoner exchange
 
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The Taliban has released a video showing the recent handover of the US Army captive sergeant Bowe Bergdahl in exchange for five Guantanamo detainees taking place near Afghanistan-Pakistan border. FULL STORY: http://on.rt.com/hmbm9c RT LIVE http://rt.com/on-air Subscribe to RT! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=RussiaToday Like us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/RTnews Follow us on Twitter http://twitter.com/RT_com Follow us on Instagram http://instagram.com/rt Follow us on Google+ http://plus.google.com/+RT RT (Russia Today) is a global news network broadcasting from Moscow and Washington studios. RT is the first news channel to break the 1 billion YouTube views benchmark.
Views: 2468325 RT

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