Management Course - BBA, MBA
Organizational Behavior: Part 11
Types Of Teams | Reasons For Failure Of Teams | Issues With Self Managed Teams
Introduction 00:00:10 - 00:00:31
Types of Teams
Why do Teams fail?
What are the problems/issues with Self-Management teams?
Types of Teams 00:00:32 - 00:03:47
-this involves activities which are delegated like planning, scheduling, monitoring and staffing.
-the type in which the teams get the opportunity to act as managers as the activities delegated to them are principally of managers
-however the firm needs to manage some complex situations as it needs to undergo some revolutionary changes, management philosophy, structures, staffing, training practices and reward systems
-the negative aspect of this kind of team is that managers generally do not want to opt for this option,”threat” being the reason.
-these comprises of technical specialists from different areas and are put in the same team
-involves delegation of activities like work scheduling and dealing with outside customers
-a product of modern times as it is a dispersed task group which operates through modern information technology
-individuals can become a member through technologies like internet, email, video conferencing and fax machines without being physically present
-members can report from different locations, organizations or time zones
Why do work teams fail? 00:03:47 - 00:05:45
-Social Loafing : Decrease in Individual effort as group size increases
-despite the positive side of successful teams, it fails.
-behind a successful team there is a balance of advantages and limitation
Social Loafing 00:05:47 - 00:07:56
-group performing is less than or equal to its sub-parts
-theoretical explanation for this would be
a. Equity of effort.
-An individual thinks, ”if everyone’s goofing off so why shouldn’t I?”
b. Loss of personal accountability .
-An individual thinks, “I am lost in the crowd,so who cares!?”
c. Motivational loss due to the sharing of rewards.
-An individual thinks, “Why should I work hard than the others if everyone gets the same reward for different contribution
d. Coordination loss as more people perform the task
-As per the research, social loafing occurred when it was perceived that the given task was unimportant, non-interesting and the individual contribution is ignored
-self relying individualists are more prone to social loafing than the group oriented collectivists, however this situation will not occur if the size of the group is kept small and each one is kept accountable for results
Note: However social loafing tends to not occur when group members are to be evaluated
Related question to Social Loafing 00:07:57 - 00:08:37
Have you ever observed any social loafing recently? What were the circumstances and what could be done to correct the problem?
Are virtual teams likely to be just a passing fad? Justify.
Problems with Self Managed Teams 00:08:38
1.Unrealistic expectations (on both parts, firms and teams)
-leads to leading to abandonment of teams
2. Mistakes by Management
-involves poor job of providing a supportive environment for teams and team work. For example: decrease in individual efforts as the group size increases; reward plans, inadequate training
3. Weak Strategies
- the strategies and the business practices needs to be strong and sound as the TEAMS cannot rectify these and can happen often if the management forms a team as fad with no long-term commitments
-teams taking up anything too quick and drive towards fast results can face failures
5. Poor Interpersonal Skills And Lack Of Trust
-important group dynamics and team skills are lost if directed too hard to achieve fast results
-poor interpersonal skill and trust between the members often leads to conflicts thereby lessening the effectiveness
-here, specifically, the team members needs to be counselled if there appears any obstacle.
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