Why Indian RUPEE is falling against US dollar? and why prices of petrol & diesel is also increase?
Link : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTJfM8r_q3A
In the past few days, a shocking news came to India's economy when the price of rupee reached level 73 against the dollar. This was the biggest drop in rupees in the history of India.
how dollar's value is determined by the rupee and who decides it?
important to know the history of Indian Rupee, what happened in history with Indian Rupee. So today the rupee value is around 72 in front of $1, the price of $1 was equal to one rupee in 1947. And then what has happened is that in the last 70 years rupee is more than the dollar Continued decreasing. Is there any reason for the cost of the currency because the price of the currency of the country is more or less?
Now borrowed the loan, due to this, the Indian government had to reduce the cost of the rupee for the first time. The main reason for the rupee's fall was the promotion of foreign investment, as well as promoting exports. So that the foreign reserve could be increased.
After independence, India adopted the fixed exchange rate system. Under the system, the government had decided that what would be the cost of Indian rupee against the dollar? Because of this, the price of Rupee has been around Rs 4.79 against the dollar since 1948.
In the year 1971, the link of Indian Rupee was abolished with British pound and rupee was paired with a straight dollar. After that, till 1975, the dollar reached 8 rupees against the dollar and in the year 1985, the price of $1 was up to 12 rupees.
Then came, the year 1991, The slow pace of inflation and development had broken the back of Indian economy. And India's foreign exchange was almost over, the government had to devalue the rupee again to keep the reserves of the foreign reserves alive. Because of that, in 1991, the price of one dollar reached 17 rupees.
After which the government adopted Flexible Exchange Rate policy instead of the fixed exchange rate in 1993. That is, the price of the dollar was now going to decide the market, which was earlier decided by the government. But in this new system, some power was given in the hands of the RBI to stabilize the dollar rate. After this policy, the price of the rupee declined significantly. Now, instead of 1 dollar, 31 rupees would have to be repaid. After this gradually the strength of the remaining rupees was reduced, and by the year 2010, it had crossed 45 rupees. and by the year 2013, the price of one dollar had crossed 63 rupees and in spite of all the efforts of the RBI on the Modi government in 2018, the price of $1 has reached 73 rupees.
Actually, the value of money depends on many things such as inflation, employment, interest rate, growth rate, trade deficit, volatility of equity markets, foreign currency reserves and so many other factors, which make rupee weak and strong Are there.
whole game is foreign reserve, that is foreign currency. The foreign reserve is connected by import and export. The country which buys more import means that it buys more things from outside, its foreign reserves are lower, due to which the currency value decreases. And the same country exports more, that means, sending out more things outside, there is more foreign currency in the country, which increases the foreign reserve, which also increases the value of the currency of that country.
But in this, the government has to make a balance, because if the currency of a country is strong then the external country will buy less from it. Which reduces exports.
interest rate of RBI. If the interest rate on the deposit is high, people from foreign countries will invest more. And if the same interest rate is low, then there will be a decrease in foreign investment. Talking about today, the first reason for the rupee weakness is the rising prices of crude oil. Because of which the government has to pay more in foreign currency, which is decreasing the foreign reserve.
The second reason is the trade deficit. Which is estimated to increase by 2.5% by 2019, the trade deficit decreases in foreign reserves, and the rupee fall in price To know more about what is a trade deficit, you must definitely see the main reason for the fall of Indian rupees; in that we have talked about it. And the dollar's rising demand in the international market is also an important reason for the rupee weakening, now what the Modi government does to stop it, we will be able to see it all in the coming time. Countries such as Russia, Russia and Iran have started taking some steps to curb the dollar, in which they are planning to use gold instead of dollars in imports export. But what is the future of rupees?