10 Most Environmentally Damaging Industries! From industrial waste to acid rain…stay tuned to number 1 to find out 10 of the most polluting industries in the world.
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Number 10: Agriculture.
There can be no denying that pesticides and other chemicals used by the agricultural industry pollute the environment. Studies continue to show the negative impact that these chemicals can have on local wildlife and water sources. There is no one single cause of agriculture pollution. Pesticides and fertilizers, contaminated water, soil erosion and sedimentation, and livestock diet and waste requirements can cause health related issues and have an effect on aquatic animals.
In 2016, the Guardian covered a report which stated that farming was the biggest cause of air pollution in Europe. The study at the heart of the 2016 Guardian article takes it a step further by highlighting the industries impact on air pollution. When the nitrogen compounds are mixed with air already polluted from other industries, they combine to form solid particles that can stick in the fine lung tissue of children and adults, causing breathing difficulties, and impaired lung and heart function…eventually leading premature expiration.
Number 9: Industrial Dumpsites.
It would be hard to put an exact number on the number of industrial dumpsites that exist in the world. Some countries are less forthcoming about the number of the large-scale dumpsites they have. Nevertheless, the polluting impact of these sites are well-known. Both open dumpsites and municipal landfills are used around the world, often containing scrap metal, agricultural waste, hospital and household waste, and chemical waste from industrial processes. The mixture of toxic substances and decaying organic material can impact the soil quality of the areas surrounding a landfill site. Add rain to the mix and the result is a serious contamination of the local ground water.
As a result, they are also the last place anyone would want to live, but unfortunately, as a 2017 study brought to light, around 15 million people live and work within huge municipal dump sites around the world. Many of these people who are born and raised in these environments only have an average life expectancy of around 35 years, and many face multiple health issues associated to pollution from dumpsites.
Number 8: Fashion Industry.
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Fashion has been the focus of a lot of attention recently. News articles, websites and blogs have featured pieces about pollution in the fashion industry. In comparison to some of the other entries in this list, fashion is the most unlikely entry on this list. Nevertheless, ‘fast fashion’, is has having a considerable impact on the environment, and in particular, through water pollution.
Since the year 2000, global clothing production has more than doubled in size and, with thousands of new clothes lines a year, consumers are constantly encouraged to buy the newest item. A shocking amount of this ends up in landfill sites. The production and usage of the clothes also causes pollution. The production of clothes requires land for factories, cotton production for material, water and fuel for manufacturing, and there is the potential for lots of toxic chemicals for dyes and so on. Every time we wash them, thousands of plastic fibbers go down the drain and into the rivers, oceans, and according to some recent findings, even into the food chain.
Number 7: Dye Industry.
In close association with fashion, the dye industry is also a significant polluter. We find dyes in paints, textiles, inks, paper and plastics, which we all use every day.
One of the main polluting factors of the dye industries is water pollution which, in turn, has an impact on the local environment and population. The water waste from dye production carries a host of different chemicals. Chromium, lead, mercury, arsenic, as well as a host of other pollutants enter water sources after being directly dumped into surface water without treatment. It won’t take you long online to find photographs from alleged dye factories that run their waste directly into rivers, often causing a visible change in the water. Even without visible change, unchecked dumping of dye water waste has a massive impact on the local environments the factories are based in.
Number 6: Product Manufacturing.
As the developed world gets greedier and everyone else is catching up, more and more consumer products are being created to satisfy an ever-increasing need. This in turn creates a demand for product manufacturing.