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Imports, Exports, and Exchange Rates: Crash Course Economics #15
 
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What is a trade deficit? Well, it all has to do with imports and exports and, well, trade. This week Jacob and Adriene walk you through the basics of imports, exports, and exchange. So, you remember the specialization and trade thing, right? So, that leads to imports and exports. Economically, in the aggregate, this is usually a good thing. Globalization and free trade do tend to increase overall wealth. But not everybody wins. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1041667 CrashCourse
Economic indicators and their impact on currencies | tradimo
 
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This video will introduce you to two of the most important economic indicators that drive the value of a currency: interest rates and inflation. Interest rates are one of the most important drivers of the forex markets. Inflation measures how quickly the prices of goods and services rise in a given period of time. Join tradimo.com and learn to trade for free. Read articles and watch live coachings to master your trading skills for free. We're a team of expert traders with the dream of building the best school and community for online trading. Learn to trade, invest and manage your personal finance: https://learn.tradimo.com/
Foreign Exchange (FOREX)- Macro 5.2
 
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Mr. Clifford explains the market for foreign exchange and national currencies. If you want more practice watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DVYVfI81R8
Views: 482081 Jacob Clifford
PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) Exchange Rates
 
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PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) Exchange Rates - A video that looks at PPP (purchasing power parity) with respect to exchange rates
Views: 200840 EconplusDal
Introduction to currency exchange and trade | AP Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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Learn how interest rates, exchange rates, and international trade are intertwined in this video. AP(R) Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Macroeconomics is all about how an entire nationÕs performance is determined and improved over time. Learn how factors like unemployment, inflation, interest rates, economic growth and recession are caused and how they affect individuals and society as a whole. We hit the traditional topics from an AP Macroeconomics course, including basic economic concepts, economic indicators, and the business cycle, national income and price determination, the financial sector, the long-run consequences of stabilization policies, and international trade and finance. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy. View more lessons or practice this subject at http://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/ap-macroeconomics/ap-open-economy-international-trade-and-finance/real-interest-rates-and-international-capital-flows/v/introduction-to-currency-exchange-and-trade-ap-macroeconomics-khan-academy?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc&utm_campaign=apmacroeconomics AP Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Welcome to Economics! In this lesson we'll define Economic and introduce some of the fundamental tools and perspectives economists use to understand the world around us! Khan Academy is a nonprofit organization with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We offer quizzes, questions, instructional videos, and articles on a range of academic subjects, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, history, economics, finance, grammar, preschool learning, and more. We provide teachers with tools and data so they can help their students develop the skills, habits, and mindsets for success in school and beyond. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 15 million people around the globe learn on Khan Academy every month. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, we would love your help! Donate or volunteer today! Donate here: https://www.khanacademy.org/donate?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc Volunteer here: https://www.khanacademy.org/contribute?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc
Views: 12355 Khan Academy
Forex Markets - Exchange Rates & the Balance of Payments (1/4) | Principles of Macroeconomics
 
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The focus of this video is explaining the foreign exchange market. Other topics in the series: - the foreign exchange market - exchange rates - demand in the foreign exchange market - supply in the foreign exchange market - market equilibrium in the foreign exchange market - changes in demand in the foreign exchange market - changes in supply in the foreign exchange market - changes in the exchange rate - arbitrage - exchange rate policy - flexible exchange rates - fixed exchange rates - crawling peg - balance of payments accounts - borrowers and lenders - debtors and creditors - the global loanable funds market foreign exchange market | foreign exchange market macroeconomics | foreign exchange trading | foreign exchange risk
Views: 4344 Inspirare
PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) - Explained in Hindi
 
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PPP or Purchasing Power Parity is explained in hindi. As compared to market exchange rate between 2 currencies, PPP takes into consideration cost of living while comparing 2 currencies. Largest economies of the world based on nominal GDP and GDP based on PPP can be totally different. World Bank publishes PPP rates for all countries with respect to US dollar: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/PA.NUS.PPP Share this Video: https://youtu.be/VtVeid_T6vQ PPP या परचेज़िंग पावर पैरिटी को हिंदी में समझाया गया है। दोनों मुद्राओं (कर्रेंसीज़) के बीच मार्किट एक्सचेंज रेट की तुलना में, PPP दोनों कर्रेंसीज़ की तुलना करने के लिए जीवन यापन के खर्च को ध्यान में रखते हुए तुलना करता है। नॉमिनल जीडीपी पर आधारित दुनिया की सबसे बड़ी अर्थव्यवस्था और पीपीपी पर आधारित जीडीपी अलग हो सकती है। Subscribe To Our Channel and Get More Finance Tips: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsNxHPbaCWL1tKw2hxGQD6g To access more learning resources on finance, check out www.assetyogi.com In this video, we have explained: What is purchasing power parity theory? How to compare salary in India and USA or any other county? How the cost of living affects the value of a salary package? How purchasing power parity comparison is done? How purchasing power in India is different compared to the USA? Why PPP rate is different from currency exchange rates? How to compare the PPP rate of different currency? How to compare the income in two different countries using purchasing power parity? Where India ranks in the world based on GDP based on PPP? Make sure to Like and Share this video. Other Great Resources AssetYogi – http://assetyogi.com/ Follow Us: Pinterest - http://pinterest.com/assetyogi/ Google Plus – https://plus.google.com/+assetyogi-ay Twitter - http://twitter.com/assetyogi Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/assetyogi Instagram - http://instagram.com/assetyogi Linkedin - http://www.linkedin.com/company/asset-yogi Hope you liked this video about “Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)”.
Views: 236670 Asset Yogi
(Macro) Episode 33: Exchange Rates
 
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How do currency values rise and fall? Why would a country want to manipulate the value of its own currency? "(Macro) Episode 33: Exchange Rates" by Dr. Mary J. McGlasson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
Views: 227218 mjmfoodie
Co-determination of exchange rate and interest rate
 
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This clip shows how interest rates -- determined in national financial markets -- and exchange rates -- determined in the foreign exchange market -- interact. When the central bank changes the interest rate, it affects the no-arbitrage condition in the foreign exchange market: Given a constant "fundamental" expected exchange rate, the current exchange rate depreciates (rises) following a decrease of the domestic interest rate. Vice versa, the current exchange rate appreciates (falls) following an increase in the domestic interest rate.
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
 
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GCSE Economics
Views: 35242 G Conomics
Fixed and Floating Exchange Rates
 
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Fixed and Floating Exchange Rates - A look at the difference between fixed and floating exchange rates, specifically looking at how fixed exchange rate regimes are managed
Views: 88962 EconplusDal
Top 20 Economies 2019 (Nominal GDP)
 
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Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. (top 10 economies) Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.(top 10 countries) Nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency.(gdp 2019) Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference in the standard of living of its population. This video contains the gdp in 2019 of future superpowers like india, china, japn, germany etc and current superpower like US. This video is made by Dr Top 10 and contain Information taken from IMF 2019 Gdp Report and Projections. #top10 #top10economies #top10gdp2019
Views: 403538 Dr. Top 10
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
 
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#Termoftheweek #MBA #SSIM #bschool #college Source: http://bit.ly/1p56CIP
Views: 146058 Siva Sivani
FOREX AUD - GDP got killed
 
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Learn from the best and become the best. Whatsapp📧 Or Call☎️ Ryån Gåtes💰 @+27793865028
International Macroeconomics CH2 - Exchange Rates and FX Market, Feenstra
 
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Chapter 2: Introduction to exchange rate and the foreign exchange market - Exchange rate essentials - Exchange rates in practice - The market for foreign exchange - Arbitrage and spot exchange rates - Arbitrage and interest rates If you are interested in borrowing the slides used in this video, feel free to comment below once you subscribe to the channel. If you have any questions, please comment below as well. For those interested in the course or the reading materials I am working off, please check out the 2nd edition of the International Economics textbook by Robert C. Feenstra; https://www.amazon.ca/International-Economics-Robert-C-Feenstra/dp/1429231181 For those who may be interested in finance and investing, I suggest you check out my Seeking Alpha profile where I write about the market and different investment opportunities. I conduct a full analysis on companies and countries while also commenting on relevant news stories. http://seekingalpha.com/author/robert-bezede/articles#regular_articles
Views: 1902 FinanceKid
Trading Forex on News Releases and Economic Indicators 💥
 
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Trading Forex on News Releases and Economic Indicators http://www.financial-spread-betting.com/course/UK-Australia-indicators.html PLEASE LIKE AND SHARE THIS VIDEO SO WE CAN DO MORE If you've been trading for a while you know that most of these news releases are recorded on an economic calendar and some are prone to move the market more than others. So can you trade these economic data releases? The effect of Economic Data Releases on Foreign Exchange Markets 11 economic indicators that move the forex market: 1) GDP, overall economy health - this number is quite lagged so we are unlikely to get massive moves on it. 2) NFP, 1st Friday / linked to business cycle - this report comes out every month - if unemployment is way more than expected it means that it will have an impact on the business cycle later on - like an advance warning. 3) Unemployment rate - percentage of the labour force actively looking for work. 4) Federal funds rate - interest rate announcement decided by the Feb. This is another big thing - if the interest rate, the rate of the USD dollar exchange will move. 5) Consumers confidence - surveying a broad sector of people to check people's confidence about the economy 6) CPI, consumers price index, inflation index 7) Industrial Production Index - this measures the level of USA output in terms of quantity of material produced as opposed to dollar amount. 8) Capacity Illustration - how much capacity is being utilised in the manufacturing sector 9) Retail Sales 10) Durable good orders 11) Initial jobless claims These are the major economic indicators that drive the forex market. Related Videos How To Trade Forex On News Releases: Impact of News Events on Market Prices 🤞 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UBp56lAQEI4 How to Trade the Major Forex News Releases with Resting Orders 💥 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FVDcsI-Mu0
Views: 2577 UKspreadbetting
Top 20 Economies 2019 (GDP PPP)
 
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GDP comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than those using nominal GDP when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates which may distort the real differences in per capita income. (top 10 economies) It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries and when comparing quality of same goods among countries. PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index. (gdp 2019)These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods. (top 10 countries)This video is made by Dr Top 10 and contain Information taken from IMF 2019 Gdp Report and Projections and This video contains the gdp ppp in 2019 of future superpowers like india, china, japan, germany etc and current superpower like US. #top10 #top10economies #gdpppp
Views: 316495 Dr. Top 10
What is Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?
 
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Picture the economy as a giant supermarket, with billions of goods and services inside. At the checkout line, you watch as the cashier rings up the price for each finished good or service sold. What have you just observed? The cashier is computing a very important number: gross domestic product, or GDP. GDP is the market value of all finished goods and services, produced within a country in a year. But, what does "market value" mean? And what defines a "finished good"? These, and more questions, percolate inside your head. Meanwhile, the cashier starts ringing up the total, and you’re left confused. An array of things pass by you — A bottle of wine. A carton of eggs. A cake from the local bakers. A tractor, of all things. A bunch of ballpens. A bag of flour. In this video, join us as we show you how to make sense of this important economic indicator. You’ll learn how GDP is computed, and you’ll get answers to some pretty interesting questions along the way. Questions like, “Why are the eggs in my homemade omelet part of the GDP, but the eggs my baker uses are not? Why does my bottle of French wine contribute to France’s GDP, even if I bought it in the United States?” Most importantly, you’ll also learn why polar bears aren’t part of the GDP computation, even if they’re incredibly cute. So, buckle in for a bit—in the following videos we’ll dive into specifics on GDP. Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/1R1PL5x Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/1p4ZtxL Next video: http://bit.ly/1mY2bn0 Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/HZv3/
GDP Gross Domestic Product in the Forex Market
 
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Good morning traders, With the very important GDP figures coming out shortly from the GBP I thought it was time to go into how the GDP works and how it effects Forex traders. This video breaks down the key concepts and explains how it will effect the general economy of the country that the GDP represents. As well as what we can expect as Forex traders from the news results. If you can watch the upcoming GDP from the British Pound tomorrow, I strongly suggest you keep the chart open as well as the economic calendar from www.jpmarkets.co.za so you can see for yourself. If the results are close to what was expected then we won't see a massive move, but still worth watching. With the GBP at a pivotal moment this could the the fundamental indicator that gives us a good long term trend to jump in on!
Views: 258 JP Markets
Macro 5.3- Foreign Exchange Practice
 
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Foreign exchange practice questions.
Views: 144578 Jacob Clifford
Effects of changing exchange rates on the domestic and external economy
 
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In this video you'll learn about the effects of changing exchange rates on the domestic and external economy
Views: 659 EnhanceTuition
Y1/IB 16) Exchange Rate Changes - Appreciations and Depreciations
 
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AS/IB 15) Exchange Rate Changes - Appreciations and Depreciations. An understanding of how exchange rates can appreciate or depreciate due to changes in demand/supply of a currency Twitter: https://twitter.com/econplusdal Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/EconplusDal-1651992015061685/?ref=aymt_homepage_panel
Views: 79620 EconplusDal
How Imports and Exports Affect You | Economics
 
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In this video we will see some interesting facts about Imports and Exports. How it affects consumers, economy, GDP etc. With the GST being launched from July 1, imports and exports will directly depend on new tax rules. Imports are an important indicator and a vital component of the economy. A high level of imports indicates robust domestic demand and a growing economy. When net exports exceeds net imports, the nation has a trade surplus. When the imports are higher than the exports trade deficit occurs. so the bottom line is Imports and exports has a major impact on the consumer and the economy directly, and the same is true when seen the other way round. Fill this feedback form for a better learning experience https://goo.gl/vrYPBw Click here if you want to subscribe https://www.youtube.com/user/TheRealSengupta Maps and sketches can be found on the instagram account search for "geographysimple" Check the other playlists of CBSE NCERT Geography videos Class 6 - https://goo.gl/DDFtIF Class 7 - https://goo.gl/ppPK05 Class 8 - https://goo.gl/OD3Gwh Class 9 - https://goo.gl/AIEXxQ Class 10 - https://goo.gl/inWIAR Class 11 (Part 1) - https://goo.gl/Pn5EIE Class 11 (Part 2) - https://goo.gl/X4zY9K Class 12 - https://goo.gl/Kszpz5
Views: 20804 Amit Sengupta
Calculating Prices in different Currencies using Exchange Rates
 
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If you know the exchange rates of two currencies, you can calculate the prices of goods in one country in another country's currency. This lesson walks you through several problems in which calculations of different exchange rates allow us to determine how much goods and services in one currency will cost in terms of another. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 20692 Jason Welker
108. How Interest Rates Move the Forex Market Part 1
 
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http://www.informedtrades.com/25425-how-interest-rates-move-forex-market-part-1-a.html Like current and future earnings prospects are the most important factors to consider when trying to forecast the long term direction of a stock, current and future interest rate prospects are the most important factors to consider when trying to forecast the long term direction of a currency. Because of this fact, currencies are highly sensitive to any economic news that can affect the country's interest rates, an important factor for traders of all time frames to understand. As we learned in module 8 of our free basics of trading course located in the free course section of InformedTrades.com, when the central bank of a country raises interest rates this not only affects the short term rate that they target, but the interest rates for all types of debt instruments. If the central bank of a country raises interest rates then debt instruments of all types are going to become more attractive to investors, all else being equal. This not only means that foreign investors are more likely to invest in the debt of that country, but also that domestic investors are less likely to look outside the country for higher yield, creating more demand for the debt of that country and driving the value of the currency up, all else being equal. Conversely, when a central bank lowers interest rates, then interest rates on all types of debt instruments for that country are going to be less attractive to investors, all else being equal. This not only means that both foreign and domestic investors are less likely to invest in the debt of that country, but that they are also more likely to pull money out to seek higher returns in other countries, creating less demand for, and a greater market supply of that currency, and driving its value down, all else being equal. Once this is understood, it is next important to understand that foreign investors are exposed to not only the potential profit or loss from interest rate changes on the debt instrument they are investing in, but also to profits and losses which result from fluctuations in the value of that country's currency. This is an important concept to understand, as it generally will work to increase the profits for investors when interest rates increase, as the increase in the value of the currency is realized when they sell the investment and convert back into their home country's currency. This gives the foreign investor that much extra return on their investment, and that much extra incentive to invest when interest rates rise, driving the value of the currency up further all else being equal. Conversely when interest rates decrease, there will be less demand for the debt instruments of a country not only because of the lower yield to investors, but also because of the decrease in the value of the currency that normally comes with a decrease in interest rates. The additional whammy of a loss to the foreign investor from the currency conversion that results as part of the investment, further incitivizes them to put their money elsewhere, decreasing the value of the currency further, all else being equal.
Views: 32071 InformedTrades
The relationship between the Current Account Balance and Exchange Rates
 
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This lesson will illustrate how trade flows should lead to appreciation and depreciation of currencies in a floating exchange rate system, and then explain how in the case of China, central bank policy aimed at buying large quantities of US government debt keeps the supply of Chinese currency high in the US and the demand for US dollars high in China. This means the dollar remains stronger than it otherwise might relative to the Chinese RMB, contributing to the persistent trade deficits the US exhibits in its trade with China. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 117349 Jason Welker
Top 20 Economies in 2030 (GDP PPP)
 
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According to Wikipedia, GDP comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than those using nominal GDP (see List of countries by GDP (nominal)) when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates which may distort the real differences in per capita income. It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries and when comparing quality of same goods among countries. PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index. These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods. #top10 #top10economies #top10gdp2030
Views: 571038 Dr. Top 10
A Simple Forex Strategy: Interest Rates + External Debt/GDP + Trading Ranges
 
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Discuss this with us here: http://www.informedtrades.com/608804-simple-forex-strategy-interest-rates-external-debt-accumulation-distribution.html#post667513 This video discusses a simple forex trading strategy. Here are the key points: 1. Limit ourselves to 9 currencies: USD, EUR, GBP, JPY, NZD, AUD, CAD, CHF, SGD 2. Sort them by their overnight interest rates. 3. Sort them by their external debt/GDP ratios. 4. Out of the 9 currencies, look for currencies that have both a low interest rate and a high external debt/GDP ratio relative to the others; that is the currency to short. Likewise, go long the currency with both a high interest rate and a low external debt/GDP ratio. 5. This tells us the currency pair and the direction to trade in. Then, look for trading ranges to appear on the chart. Put your stop loss outside of the trading range, and exit after the market trends and a new trading range forms that signals the end of a short-term trend. Of course, trade management can get much more sophisticated as you learn more about money management and technical analysis. This strategy is just a simple starting point.
Views: 3077 InformedTrades
List of Countries by GDP ( nominal )
 
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Hi Friends , Gross Domestic Product ( GDP ) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries , and the result can vary greatly one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency .
Views: 5 Zeeper
What is PURCHASING POWER PARITY? What does PURCHASING POWER PARITY mean?
 
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✪✪✪✪✪ WORK FROM HOME! Looking for WORKERS for simple Internet data entry JOBS. $15-20 per hour. SIGN UP here - http://jobs.theaudiopedia.com ✪✪✪✪✪ ✪✪✪✪✪ The Audiopedia Android application, INSTALL NOW - https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.wTheAudiopedia_8069473 ✪✪✪✪✪ Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Theories that invoke purchasing power parity assume that in some circumstances (for example, as a long-run tendency) it would cost exactly the same number of, for example, US dollars to buy euros and then to use the proceeds to buy a market basket of goods as it would cost to use those dollars directly in purchasing the market basket of goods. The concept of purchasing power parity allows one to estimate what the exchange rate between two currencies would have to be in order for the exchange to be at par with the purchasing power of the two countries' currencies. Using that PPP rate for hypothetical currency conversions, a given amount of one currency thus has the same purchasing power whether used directly to purchase a market basket of goods or used to convert at the PPP rate to the other currency and then purchase the market basket using that currency. Observed deviations of the exchange rate from purchasing power parity are measured by deviations of the real exchange rate from its PPP value of 1. PPP exchange rates help to minimize misleading international comparisons that can arise with the use of market exchange rates. For example, suppose that two countries produce the same physical amounts of goods as each other in each of two different years. Since market exchange rates fluctuate substantially, when the GDP of one country measured in its own currency is converted to the other country's currency using market exchange rates, one country might be inferred to have higher real GDP than the other country in one year but lower in the other; both of these inferences would fail to reflect the reality of their relative levels of production. But if one country's GDP is converted into the other country's currency using PPP exchange rates instead of observed market exchange rates, the false inference will not occur. The idea originated with the School of Salamanca in the 16th century and was developed in its modern form by Gustav Cassel in 1918. The concept is based on the law of one price, where in the absence of transaction costs and official trade barriers, identical goods will have the same price in different markets when the prices are expressed in the same currency. Another interpretation is that the difference in the rate of change in prices at home and abroad—the difference in the inflation rates—is equal to the percentage depreciation or appreciation of the exchange rate. Deviations from parity imply differences in purchasing power of a "basket of goods" across countries, which means that for the purposes of many international comparisons, countries' GDPs or other national income statistics need to be "PPP-adjusted" and converted into common units. The best-known purchasing power adjustment is the Geary–Khamis dollar (the "international dollar"). The real exchange rate is then equal to the nominal exchange rate, adjusted for differences in price levels. If purchasing power parity held exactly, then the real exchange rate would always equal one. However, in practice the real exchange rates exhibit both short run and long run deviations from this value, for example due to reasons illuminated in the Balassa–Samuelson theorem. There can be marked differences between purchasing power adjusted incomes and those converted via market exchange rates. For example, the World Bank's World Development Indicators 2005 estimated that in 2003, one Geary-Khamis dollar was equivalent to about 1.8 Chinese yuan by purchasing power parity—considerably different from the nominal exchange rate. This discrepancy has large implications; for instance, when converted via the nominal exchange rates GDP per capita in India is about US$1,704 while on a PPP basis it is about US$3,608. At the other extreme, Denmark's nominal GDP per capita is around US$62,100, but its PPP figure is US$37,304. The purchasing power parity exchange rate serves two main functions. PPP exchange rates can be useful for making comparisons between countries because they stay fairly constant from day to day or week to week and only change modestly, if at all, from year to year. Second, over a period of years, exchange rates do tend to move in the general direction of the PPP exchange rate and there is some value to knowing in which direction the exchange rate is more likely to shift over the long run.
Views: 12343 The Audiopedia
Exchange Rate System in India and its Types - Indian Economy for Prelims 2018
 
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You can join my Live classes on Economy here: https://goo.gl/urfp1H In this lesson, Ayussh explains the exchange rate system and its types. This is an important concept to understand under Indian Economy for UPSC 2018 preparation. An exchange rate regime is the way an authority manages its currency in relation to other currencies and the foreign exchange market. Between the two limits of fixed and freely floating exchange regimes, there can be several other types of regimes. In their operational objective, it is closely related to the monetary policy of the country with both depending on common factors of influence and impact. The exchange system in India has a big impact on world trade and financial flows. The volume of such transactions and the speed at which they are growing makes the exchange rate regime a central piece of Indian Economy. Download the Unacademy Learning App here: Android: https://goo.gl/02OhYI iOS: https://goo.gl/efbytP Download the Unacademy Educator App here: Android: https://goo.gl/H4LGHE iOS: https://goo.gl/1FkFHp Do Subscribe and be a part of the community for more such lessons here: https://goo.gl/gycFVs
Views: 17685 Unacademy
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) | Indian Economy | NEO IAS
 
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How to Prepare Indian Economy for UPSC CSE Prelims 2019 ? Video Link : https://youtu.be/SYuTBEMmzJ4 To Join Economy Prelims Telegram Channel - https://t.me/NEOIASECONOMYPRELIMS To Join Economy Mains Channel https://t.me/NEOIASECONOMYMAINS Economy Previous Year Questions Link : https://drive.google.com/open?id=1zmjyKUMAttVddsQ6wInX1zGBKfy-jU0q Purchasing Power Parity ( PPP ) of Indian Economy for CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION explained in the simplest way. NEO IAS e-learning classes is an online program which aims to create CIVIL SERVANTS for the development of the nation by providing the video series of complete topics that are relevant for the CIVIL SERVICES (IAS/IPS) Exam.
Views: 84899 NEO IAS
Central Bank Interventions – Reasons & Effects on the Forex Markets
 
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● Central Bank Interventions, Reasons & Effects on the Forex Markets Subscribe if you want to learn while being entertained. ✔ Please like the video and comment if you enjoyed - it helps a lot! ● To Trade forex we recommend InterTrader No Dealing Desk platform: http://www.financial-spread-betting.com/intertrader/intertrader.html The Role of Central Banks in Foreign Exchange Markets. Zoe Fiddes, Head of Sales at ORE.com comments. PLEASE LIKE AND SHARE THIS VIDEO SO WE CAN DO MORE! Central Banks' Control of Foreign Exchange Rates. Central Bank Intervention – the reasons and its effects on the FX Market What drives exchange rates? What is the foreign exchange market? Where is the central location of the Forex Market? So there are a number of factors that affect the price movements of forex currencies. You've got your technicals and fundamentals; fundamentals is looking at the economics of the countries you are evaluating. For example interest rates and GDP. Every country has a central bank and the main role of the central bank is to stabilise and grow the economy. So the central banks have certain powers to help the economy when its needed; so for instance they have the power to control interest rates. So when an economy is doing well, central banks will put up interest rates so as to control spending because you don't want an economy to grow too fast as that doesn't help stability. Sometimes, this isn't enough and that's why central banks make use of instruments like quantitative easing. You might also have heard of the term currency wars... Central banks are supposed to operate independently of governments however in practice they work together.
Views: 8367 UKspreadbetting
Should Governments Intevene in Exchange Rate Markets?
 
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Government Intervention in FOREX markets - Reasons why governments want to intervene in foreign exchange markets
Views: 21057 EconplusDal
Introduction to Foreign Exchange Markets
 
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Exchange rates are the "prices" of one country's currency expressed in terms of another country's currency.Exchange rates are determined through the market forces of supply and demand, just like prices for any good, service, or resource. This lesson will explore the different determinants of exchange rates, focusing on the markets for Swiss francs in Europe and the market for Euros in Switzerland. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 76954 Jason Welker
Forex News: 28/07/2017 - Dollar softer ahead of GDP data; yen firms on solid Japan data
 
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Get your daily market and Forex news analysis from leading Forex and market news analysts only at http://www.xm.com/market-analysis-video Professional Forex news analysis on all major currencies: (EUR/USD) (USD/JPY) (GBP/USD) (USD/CHF), (USD/CAD), (AUD/USD) Visit http://www.xm.com the international Forex broker.
Views: 315 XM
Forex Previews: 27/02/2019 - Dollar looks to delayed GDP data & ISM PMI
 
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Risk Warning: 69.75% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Please consider our Risk Disclosure: https://www.xm.com/goto/risk/en Risk warning is correct at the time of publication and may change. Please check our Risk Disclosure for an up to date risk warning Get your daily market and Forex news analysis from leading Forex and market news analysts only at http://www.xm.com/market-analysis-video Professional Forex news analysis on all major currencies: (EUR/USD) (USD/JPY) (GBP/USD) (USD/CHF), (USD/CAD), (AUD/USD) Visit: http://www.xm.com the international Forex broker.
Views: 127 XM
Forex markets quiet ahead of US GDP, Kim warns on Korean peace, Spain prepares to vote again
 
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https://pepperstone.com/en/forex-news/market-review -AUD and NZD post modest gains -The dollar gains vs MXN but weakens against BRL -The rand rallies but is well down on the week -Japanese industrial production data disappoints -US Q1 19 GDP is the calendar highlight -Have Intel and the Sox index called the top of the market? The overnight changes and price moves to be aware of by Pepperstone's Market Analyst, Darren Sinden. New To Forex Trading? See Our Comprehensive Trading Guide For Beginners: https://pepperstone.com/en/client-resources/learn-to-trade-forex Find out more about Pepperstone: www.pepperstone.com
Views: 180 Pepperstone
Interest Rates and Exchange Rates
 
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See more videos at: http://talkboard.com.au/ In this video, we will look at how interest rates and exchange rates are linked. As overseas investors respond to changes in domestic interest rates and consequently the impact on the demand and supply for our currency.
Views: 15500 talkboard.com.au
Net exports and capital outflows
 
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Thinking about how national savings and investment relate to capital flows.
Views: 10643 Khan Academy
Is Asia the dominant economic power? | The Economist
 
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Asia is regaining the economic dominance it enjoyed a millennium ago - but it still has some way to go Subscribe NOW to The Economist: http://econ.st/1Fsu2Vj A thousand years ago Asia dominated the world economy, producing about two thirds of its output. Western Europe was far behind and the economy of what's now the United States barely existed. Western Europe's economy rose throughout the middle ages despite setbacks caused by plagues and conflicts. Then in the 1800s America's rise and Europe's industrial revolution combined to bring Asia's share of world GDP down sharply to just one fifth of the total by 1980. China's reforms in the 1980s boosted Asia's share of the world economy but then if you're measuring GDP using market exchange rates, its share slumped in the 1990s when the Asian economic crisis caused the regions currencies to collapse. If you now compare economies using Purchasing Power Parity, which takes into account the lower prices Asian consumers pay for goods and services on their home markets, the continents rise continues, right through the 1990s crisis. Using this more realistic way of measuring GDP Asia will produce about a third of the world's output this year. Asian countries built up their reserves of foreign currency after the 1990s crisis, especially China. This increase is often taken as a sign of Asia's growing economic clout even though its been partly reversed in recent years. Furthermore currency reserves themselves are only a few percent of the worlds total stock of the worlds financial assets. Asia's share of this broader range of assets is growing but it's still only about a fifth. The East is undoubtedly rising but its new day has barely begun. Get more The Economist Follow us: https://twitter.com/TheEconomist Like us: https://www.facebook.com/TheEconomist View photos: https://instagram.com/theeconomist/ The Economist videos give authoritative insight and opinion on international news, politics, business, finance, science, technology and the connections between them.
Views: 78470 The Economist
Pakistan Today US Dollar Price and Currency Exchange Rates | PKR to US Dollar | 1 USD= 139.40 PKR
 
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Pakistan Today US Dollar Price and Currency Exchange Rates | PKR to US Dollar | 1 USD= 139.40 PKR Dollar Rate in Pakistan – Open Market forex rates, interbank, and currency exchange rates are significant information for business and finance professionals. The open market forex rates include buying and selling prices of world’s leading currencies including USD, Euro, Pound, Riyal, Dinar, Rupee, etc. in the world market. Interbank exchange rates of various currencies are also available on this platform. You can access the bank buying TT clean, and the bank is selling TT & OD rates for all coins online. Similarly, those individuals who are traveling or making business transactions internationally can check out the exchange rates online. All the rates are regularly updated. Find dollar rates in Pakistan also find forex exchange rates into PKR Pakistani rupees today. You can get all currency exchange rates live and reliable sources. Find the latest and updated dollar converted rate into PKR. Dollar rates are available in Pakistani open market exchange rates, interbank rates and it' forex/foreign currency exchange rates so far. On this platform of currency exchange rates you can find some major international forex rates such as; Euro (€ -EUR) rates, British Pound rates (£-GBP), UAE Dirham rates (Dh-AED), Saudi Riyal rates (Riyal – SAR), Chinese Yuan rates, Canadian Dollar rates (CAD), Australian Dollar rates (AUD), Qatari Riyal rates (QAR), Malaysian Ringgit rates (MYR), Hong Kong Dollar rates (HKD) and Singapore Dollar rates (SGD) respectively. The US dollar rate in Pakistan is increasing almost every day at a fast pace. You can use the currency converter on this website to convert any amount of Pakistani currency into US dollars. The rate of dollar is changing on a daily basis. Therefore, the converter available on this website is updated every day according to the latest rate. You can trust the calculations made by this tool and get results within a matter of seconds. There are many reasons that are the cause of an ever-increasing dollar rate. One of the biggest factors is the stability of the US economy. On the other hand, the economy of Pakistan is quite unstable, leading to the devaluation of the rupee. A country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) also determines the value of its currency. In comparison to Pakistan's Gross Domestic Product, USA's GDP is much higher. This is one of the most obvious reasons for the huge difference in the rates of the two currencies. The investment of international entrepreneurs can boost a country's economy by strengthening it. However, due to the current conditions of Pakistan, the international investors have been frightened away. As a result, Pakistan's economy has suffered greatly. This is one of the reasons why the value of rupee has fallen, and the US Dollar rate in Pakistan keeps on increasing. The US dollar rate has been increasing very rapidly over the past few years. One advantage of this rapidly increasing rate of dollar is for the local investors. Dollars can be used as a good investment. Buy a particular sum of dollars one day, and you will be able to earn a profit by selling them back the very next day! However, to get a higher profit, you should wait for a few days. In this way, you can make sure that the rate has increased considerably and therefore you will be able to generate more profit by selling the dollars. You can keep checking the dollar rate daily through this converter. However, do keep in mind the fact that the buying rate and selling rate is always different. The dollars are converted back into rupees at a slightly lower rate. Therefore, it will be prudent to wait before the rate has considerably increased for you to be able to earn a substantial profit. You should keep checking the conversion rate on a regular basis. To fulfill this purpose, you do not have to visit a bank. This can be done right from the comfort of your own home through the converter, which is available on this website. You can convert any sum of money and compare the current rate with your previous conversions. You can maintain a record of these conversions to be able to analyze the changing pattern of the rate. mjh studio Channel link Subscribe Here https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCohh9khHhBaVr2Ih7OGvSng DISCLAIMER: This Channel DOES NOT Promote or encourage Any illegal activities, all contents provided by This Channel is meant for EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE only. #mjhstudio
Views: 3876 MJH Studio
2019 Top10 wealthiest countries in Africa based on Nominal GDP
 
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Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. Countries in Africa are sorted according to data from the International Monetary Fund. The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency.
Views: 283 my Infoent
Top 21 most powerful economies in 2030 by GDP (PPP)
 
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GDP comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than those using nominal GDP (see List of countries by GDP (nominal)) when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates which may distort the real differences in per capita income. It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries. PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index.
Views: 358 Anik Farhan
Foreign Exchange Market: Fundamentals of Economics
 
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In this session, Ms. Dipika explains the meaning of forex market, foreign exchange rate, types of exchange rates, quotations of rate at forex market, reasons for currency change, spot market and forward market. Foreign Exchange Market @0:29 Payment mode in home Country @1:08 Foreign Currency @8:07 Converting Currency @10:49 Exchange Rates @12:14 Reason @15:19 3 Types of Exchange Rates @16:24 Fixed Rates @16:34 Floating Rates @16:51 Managed Rates @17:10 Types of Market @17:46 Spot Market @17:52 For Word Market @18:43 #Economics #Fundamental #Authorized #Transaction #Currency #Symbolized #Domestic #Country #Commercial #Foreign #Examrace
Views: 7040 Examrace
MN1015 Lecture 12 Measuring GDP
 
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Gross Domestic Product GDP the market value of the final goods and services produced within a country in a given year this definition has fours parts market value final goods and services produced within a country in a given time period market value GDP is a market value goods and services are valued at their market prices to add apples and oranges, computers and popcorn, we add the market values so we have a total value of output in pounds are all produced goods and services subject to trade in the market? final goods and services GDP is the value of the final goods and services produced a final good (or service) is an item bought by its final user during a specified time period an intermediate good is produced by one firm, bought by another firm, and used as a component of a final good or service excluding intermediate products avoids double counting for example, if an economy produces steel (intermediate) and cars (final), the value of steel is included in the price of a car produced within a country GDP measures production within a country – domestic production GDP pays no attention to nationality or ownership the output of foreign firms in the UK contributes towards UK GDP but the output of UK firms producing abroad does not in a given time period GDP measures production during a specific time period, normally a year or a quarter of a year GDP can be measured as the value of production: value added approach total expenditure on goods and services: expenditure approach total income to factors of production: income approach this can be shown using the circular flow digram the national economy is composed of households firms government the rest of the world in a four-sector economy, injections include government expenditure, exports leakages include taxes, imports to maintain the same level of equilibrium in a four-sector economy the sum of injections should equal the sum of leakages that is, I + G + X = S + T + M the circular flow consists of incomes (blue) and expenditures (red) the sum of the red flows equals the blue flow implicit in this equalising of income and expenditure is what firms do in between total expenditure on final goods and services equals the value of output of final goods and services, which is GDP firms pay out all their receipts from the sale of final goods, so income equals expenditure thus, economic activity (GDP) can be measured using either output, income, or expenditure why is GDP referred to as gross domestic product? gross means before deducting the depreciation of capital, the opposite being net depreciation is the decrease in the value of a firm’s capital that results from ’wear and tear’ and obsolescence gross investment is used to calculate GDP the total amount spent on purchases of new capital and on replacing depreciated capital net investment the increase in the value of the firm’s capital in the official calculation of GDP in the UK, the Office for National Statistics ONS uses two approaches expenditure approach GDP is the sum of aggregate expenditure in the economy that is, Y = C + I + G + (X-M) income approach GDP is sum of the incomes that firms pay households for the factors of production they hire that is, Y = rent + wages + interest + profits note that GDP at factor cost is the sum of compensation of employees gross operating surplus mixed incomes market prices is the GDP at factor cost + indirect taxes - subsidies nominal GDP the value of goods and services produced during a given year valued at the prices that prevailed in that same year nominal GDP is just a more precise name for GDP real GDP the value of final goods and services produced in a given year when valued at the prices of a reference base year using real GDP allows for comparisons of living standards over time by removing the influence of rising prices accounting for price changes (inflation) is important if comparisons are to be made at different points in time Limitations: real versus nominal GDP population size per capita real GDP exchange rates purchasing power parity (PPP)-An exchange rate which would buy the same good in each country some items are excluded level of unpaid work underground economy there are human costs to production quality of life and social costs/benefits (environment, health) spending on necessities or economic bads (e.g. defence) distribution of income
Views: 1110 Hanomics
TOP 10 COUNTRIES WITH THE HIGHEST GDP
 
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Subscribe:https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCqC93wAo24kblacoRRcqMcA?view_as=subscriber You might want to watch: Top 10 countries by tourism revenue https://youtu.be/X01ynnwYUOw You might want to watch: Top 10 countries by tourist arrivals https://youtu.be/MTp4ukOrM24 You might want to watch: top 10 countries by tax revenue https://youtu.be/X1UwFiPvZxc You might want to watch: top ten countries to live https://youtu.be/Upg6j3zlzfE You might want to watch : top ten countreis by nominal gdp https://youtu.be/gDqELezvYYU Countries are sorted by GDP PPP forecast estimates from financial and statistical institutions in the limited period January–April 2017, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. GDP comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than those using nominal GDP (see List of countries by GDP (nominal)) when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates which may distort the real differences in per capita income.[3] It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries and when comparing quality of same goods among countries.[4] PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index.[3] These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods.
Views: 24 Statz info
Forex Previews: 05/03/2019 - Australia’s annual GDP growth to ease further in Q4
 
03:08
Risk Warning: 69.75% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Please consider our Risk Disclosure: https://www.xm.com/goto/risk/en Risk warning is correct at the time of publication and may change. Please check our Risk Disclosure for an up to date risk warning Get your daily market and Forex news analysis from leading Forex and market news analysts only at http://www.xm.com/market-analysis-video Professional Forex news analysis on all major currencies: (EUR/USD) (USD/JPY) (GBP/USD) (USD/CHF), (USD/CAD), (AUD/USD) Visit: http://www.xm.com the international Forex broker.
Views: 100 XM
GDP boosts GBP in foreign currency exchange
 
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Further GDP revision helps GBP in foreign currency exchange as the markets await US unemployment claims and Spain's budget
Views: 26 VFXplc