Videos uploaded by user “Learn English with Rebecca [engVid]”
How to change Basic English into Business English
http://www.engvid.com/ Want to get that job? Improve your image? Sound more professional? Learn how to transform simple English words to business English vocabulary and watch your career take off! I'll show you how to change "get" to "receive", " make sure" to "ensure", "give more information" to "elaborate", and more. These small vocabulary changes will make a huge difference in your English level. Test yourself on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/how-to-change-basic-english-into-business-english/ TRANSCRIPT: Hi. My name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com. Today, you're going to learn how to speak more professionally in business situations. Now, at times, it's all right to use informal language. It's acceptable in everyday situations. But there are times when you'll want to create a more powerful impression. And at that time, you'll want to be able to use business English. What's the difference between general English and business English? Well, sometimes, there's not very much difference. Sometimes, general English is used in business contexts. But sometimes, you use a higher-level word. And that's what I'm going to teach you in this lesson. Let's look at some really easy, common examples. For example, if you say -- or if you want to say, "I got your email", in regular English, you might just say, "I got your email." What would you say if you want to make it business English? You would say -- I'm giving you a clue. The word starts with R. Instead of saying, "I got your email"; "I received your email." Okay? Now, it becomes more formal and more business-like. Suppose you want to tell someone, "I need your help" or, "I need some help." What word could you use that starts with R instead of "need"? "Require." So instead of saying -- and you can also change more than the verb. The verb is the key, but you could say -- instead of saying, "I need some help", you could say, "I require some assistance." Now, you've changed two words, the verb and also a noun. Let's try another one. "Let's talk about it later." Which business word could you use? "Let's discuss -- let's discuss it later." That sounds much more professional than saying, "Let's talk about it later." Next one. "How do I get in touch with her?" What word could you use instead of that? "How do I contact her?" Okay? Good. "Please make sure you arrive on time." Which business word could you use instead of "make sure"? "Please ensure you arrive on time." "Please give her your travel plans." Instead of saying "give", you could say, "Please provide her with your itinerary." There, we've changed another word. Instead of saying "travel plan" or "travel plans", you could use the word "itinerary". An "itinerary" is usually a piece of paper or a document that lists your travel plans, when you're departing, when you're arriving, where, when, and so on. "Please let them know when you will be arriving." "Please let them know" -- instead of that, you could say, "Please inform them of your arrival." Okay? Good. "Please tell me why you've made this decision." "Please explain your decision." "Could you please talk some more about that subject?" "Could you please elaborate? Could you please elaborate on that." Now, this is actually a very useful word if you go to a conference or a meeting and you want someone to speak some more about a particular point or issue. It's a good, kind of, question to learn. "Could you please elaborate on that?" So "to elaborate" means to speak more or talk more, give more information. "How are you going to fix this problem?" Better than using the word "fix" is the word "solve". "How are you going to solve this problem?" All right? So try to do that for every simple word that you know and basic word that you know in general English, try to find a slightly more formal version, which will be your business English word. And use these words in an office environment. If you've found this helpful, please subscribe to my channel on YouTube. And if you'd like to do a quiz on this subject, you can also go to our website, www.engvid.com. Thanks very much. Good luck with your English.
Speaking English - "I wish I had..."
http://www.engvid.com/ Have you ever made a mistake? Feel bad about something you did or didn't do? Learn two useful ways to express regret in English in personal, social, and professional situations. I'll teach you how to use the positive and negative forms of "I wish I had..." and "If only I had...". This lesson is a must for anyone whose actions differ from their plans -- and that could be you! http://www.engvid.com/speaking-english-i-wish-i-had/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In life, as much as we try, we don't always do the right thing, right? Sometimes, we do something, and wish afterwards that we hadn't done it. And sometimes, we don't do something and wish afterwards that we had done it. Well, in English we have some expressions to express these kinds of situation and these kinds of feelings that we have when we do and don't do something. All right? So this lesson is focused on that. So what we're basically talking about in this lesson is expressing regret. Regret is when we feel somewhat unhappy and uncomfortable with something that we did or didn't do. So let's get started. So the expression you can use to talk about something that you didn't do that you wish you had done is, "I wish I had --." Now, you can use this expression to talk about personal situations or social situations or business situations. Okay? So you can use it in a professional context as well. So these are things that you wish you had done that you didn't do. And then on the other side, we'll come to the other part of the equation. So for example, you could say, "I wish I had studied harder for my test." Or, "I wish I had bought the house last year when it was so much cheaper." Okay? So these are some examples in the personal realm. You could say, in a social situation, "I wish I had called her last week." "I wish I had gone to the concert." Okay? This means you didn't go to the concert, and you're saying you heard it was really good. "I wish I had gone to the concert." In a professional context you might say, "I wish I had quoted a better price." "I wish I had booked the meeting room earlier." Okay? So here, you have some examples. Now, you do see another expression down here. Instead of saying, "I wish I had" plus whatever you need to say, you could also use the expression, "If only I had --." For example, "If only I had booked the conference room earlier." "If only I had quoted a better price." Okay? So you get the idea on this side. Now, we come to this side. This is when you did something, and you shouldn't have done it, and you wish that you had not done it. So then, you could say, "I wish I hadn't eaten so much. I was really trying lose weight. I'm supposed to be on a diet. Why did I eat so much? I wish I hadn't eaten so much." Or, "I wish I hadn't waited until now to call her." Okay? Another example. "I wish I hadn't trusted him/her." I wish I hadn't invited them." Or in a profession situation, "I wish I hadn't agreed to their proposal." "I wish I hadn't paid the contractor already." Or, "I wish I hadn't paid the contractor in advance." Okay? And again, another way of expressing the same thing is to say, "If only I hadn't paid the contractor in advance, we could've found another contractor." "If only I hadn't agreed to their proposal, I could have considered your offer." Okay? So you see that you can use "I wish I had", "I wish I hadn't", or you can use "if only I had" or "if only I hadn't". Okay? And all of these are used to express regret for something you did or something you didn't do. And it happens to all of us, so now you know how to express it. Okay? So if you'd like to do a quiz on this subject, please go to our website, www.engvid.com. That way, you'll have a chance to really master what we've studied here. And also, subscribe to my YouTube channel. I'd be happy to see you again. Bye, for now.
Master AT, ON, IN with the TRIANGLE method
No more confusion! Learn my simple trick to using "at", "on" and "in" for better English and higher grades. Master these common prepositons of time to speak and write more fluently. After watching, go get my free resource on the rules, expressions, and exceptions when using "at", "on" and "in" in English at https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/50-expressions-using-at-on-and-in-prepositions-of-time/ . You can also take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/at-on-in-triangle-method/ Watch the next lesson in the series, Using the Triangle Method with prepositions of place: https://youtu.be/tIuUgJMjrQ0 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. By the end of this lesson you will learn how to use three of the most confusing prepositions in English, and they are: "at", "on", and "in", as applied to time. Now, if you think you're alone in having problems with these little words, you are not alone. Many students have difficulty with these words because they're different in their native languages and probably in yours. Right? So, what do you do? Well, keep watching because I have found a solution which has helped many of my students, and I think it will help you, and that is by using a pyramid or a triangle-okay?-to learn these three important words. Let's see how it works. So, like the triangle: "at" is used in very specific situations, very narrow situations. For example: "At 5:00", "At 12:30", "At midnight", right? It's very exact. It's very narrow. "On", like the triangle, is a little bit broader and it's used for one day or one date. For example: "On Monday", or "On January 25th", "On New Year's Day". Right? Got it? Are you with me? Good. Let's continue. Now, "in" is the widest of the lot, as you can see, like in the triangle; "at", "on", "in". So, "in" covers things like months, seasons, years, decades, centuries, and any kind of long period. For example, we say in English: "In July", "In summer" or "In the summer", "In 2005", "In the 1960s", "In the 1800s", which was a long time ago, or: "In the past". We can also say: "In the future", okay? Because it's also a long period of time. Did you get that? So: "at" for very narrow situations; "on" for little bit wider, one day or one date-right?-and "in" for the widest situations of all, more than one day or one date. Now, let's do a little practice to see how well you've understood this. Okay, now let's fill in the blanks with our three words: "at", "on", and "in". But before we fill them in here, let's fill them in on our triangle. So, do you remember: What goes at the top, what's very narrow and covers a very specific time? "At", very good. What's a little bit more than that, covering one day or one date? "On", very good. And what's the widest of the lot, covering months, and seasons, and years, and decades, and centuries? "In", okay? You've got it. Now let's apply what we've learned, because otherwise there's no point, so let's do it. So: "_______ 6:00." What do we say? Do you remember? "At 6:00." Excellent. "_______ Sunday." One day, right? "On Sunday." Very good. "_______ winter." What do we say? It's a long period of time, especially in Canada where I live, okay? So: "In winter." We can also say: "In the winter." Same thing. And: "_______ Independence Day." It's one day, so we need to say: "On Independence Day." Okay? Very Good. Now let's continue to some sentences, because that's how you actually use the language. Number five: "See you _______ noon." "See you..." Now, what's "noon"? "Noon" means 12 o'clock in the afternoon, it's a precise, exact time, so we say: "See you at noon." Very good. Number six: "I'll call you _______ Friday." "I'll call you on Friday." Very good, because it was one day. Next one: "We have a meeting _______ 4:30." "We have a meeting", specific time, which one? "...at 4:30". Very good. And the last one: "They're getting married _______ March 9th." It's one day, okay? One date. So, it is this one: "They're getting married on March 9th." Okay? So, you can see that the triangle can help you to remember which preposition to use when. Now, here's some more things you can do to help you remember this really, really well. First of all, go to our website at www.engvid.com, and there you'll find a resource which I've written which explains all of this, and also you can print it out, you can download it for free. Everything is for free; no cost. Okay? And there you'll find exercises and explanations of this, and also an explanation of some exceptions and expressions that we use with "at", "on", and "in". There are about more than 50 of them. Okay? So you'll find the explanation of the triangle, plus more. Second, while you're at the website, www.engvid.com, you'll find hundreds of other lessons which can help you with your English. Okay? Lots and lots of lessons at different levels; beginner, intermediate, advanced, business English, pronunciation, grammar, IELTS, TOEFL, you name it. Okay? It's all available and it's all for free.
Conversational English - What are Embedded Questions?
http://www.engvid.com/ Can you tell me where is he? Can you tell me where he is? Which question is correct? Find the answer and learn how to frame embedded questions correctly and easily in this important lesson, which will make you a much more polite English speaker. Take a quiz on this lesson at: http://www.engvid.com/conversational-english-embedded-questions/ TRANSCRIPT: Hi. My name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson, we're going to talk about something called: "Embedded Questions". Okay? Now, many English learners have a difficult time when they're framing questions, because you have to change the word order. But embedded questions actually require you to change the order back again, so they can be even more confusing, unless you understand the principle. So, please make sure you pay attention to this one. A lot of English students don't recognize that they're making a mistake because they've taken so much trouble to learn the regular way of asking questions, that they don't realize that when you have an embedded question, you need to change that order all over again. Okay? So, what is an embedded question? An embedded question is not a question that you ask somebody in bed. An embedded question is a question that is found inside another question, or inside a sentence or statement. All right? So that's enough theory for now. Let's look at the actual reality. Okay, so let's take this regular question: "Where is the bank?" Right? You see I've written the verb, "is" in red, and that's the regular way you would ask the question. You would take the sentence, "The bank is somewhere", and say: "Where is the bank?" However, when you add something like this before that, then the order at the end is going to change. Let me show you what I mean. "Where is the bank?" Or: "Can you tell me where the bank is?" That's the correct way to ask this question. We do not say: "Can you tell me where was", or: "where is the bank?" All right? The original question by itself if you ask it is: "Where is the bank?" But if you add something before it, like: "Can you tell me", or: "Do you know", or: "Could you tell me", "Would you know", "Would you happen to know", right? If you add one of these expressions before the rest of the question, then the order changes back. So, for example, you would say: "Do you know where the bank is?", "Could you tell me where the bank is?", "Would you happen to know where the bank is?" All right? So instead of saying: "Where is the bank?" You say: "Where the bank is", if you have one of these expressions before that. If you don't, then you stay with the regular question format. Let's take another example. "Who was that man?" Okay? If you're only asking that much, then that's fine. "Who was that man?" But if you're going to add one of these expressions before, then we cannot say: "Would you know who was that man?" No. That's wrong. You would need to say: "Would you know who that man was?" Okay? I know it seems a little bit confusing if you haven't come across this before, but believe me, it's right. A lot of my students ask me: "Are you sure?" Yes, I am sure. So, let's look at it again. Now, one point, this happens not only when we add question tags like this-okay?-but also in sentences. An embedded question can be in a sentence. For example, you could say: "I know where the bank is." Or: "I don't know where the bank is." We do not say: "I don't know where is the bank." You say: "I don't know where the bank is." Or: "I don't remember who that man was." Okay? Or: "Would you know who that man was?" You see what's happening? The order is changing. All right? Now, let's take a couple of examples so that you can practice. Okay? I'm going to ask you a question in the regular format, and you practice in your mind or wherever you are, changing it to the way it should be because it's an embedded question. So let's take the regular question: "How much was that cellphone?" Okay? "How much was that cellphone?" So now, if we make it into an embedded question: "Could you tell me how much the cellphone was?" Right? "Could you tell me how much the cellphone was?" Let's take another question. "How old is he?" That's a regular question. "How old is he?" If you ask it as an embedded question, you could say: "Would you happen to know how old he is?" Not: "How old is he?" But: "Would you happen to know how old he is?" Okay? One more practice question. "What time is the flight?" All right? By itself, that's a regular question. "What time is the flight?" Or you could say: "Do you know what time the flight is?" Okay?
IELTS & TOEFL - The easy way to improve your vocabulary for English exams
http://www.engvid.com/ Is your English limited to "good" and "bad"? Learn how to improve your vocabulary FAST by using more advanced, descriptive adjectives. Having marked thousands of student essays, I know this one simple change can help you get a higher score on any English exam, especially the TOEFL, IELTS, and TOEIC. You can move from lazy English to powerful English in minutes! Take the quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/ielts-toefl-improve-your-vocabulary/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, my name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson, I'm going to show you how to stop using lazy English and start using energetic English. How do you do this? Very easy. For the next few minutes, I'd like you to participate in a little experiment with me. I'd like you to pretend that you are a professor, and join me in checking these sentences on the board. So, six students wrote these sentences in an English exam, and what I'd like you to do is to help me to decide which students, which two students should get the highest marks. Let's start looking at the sentences. Number one wrote: "It was a good lecture." Two: "It was an interesting lecture." Three: "It was an informative lecture." Out of these three students, which student do you think should get the highest marks? Think about it. Well, according to me, it would be the third student. Let's look at another set of sentences. Number four wrote: "I had a bad week." Student number five wrote: "I had a tiring week." And student number six wrote: "I had an exhausting week." Again, put on your professor's cap and tell me: which student do you think should get the best marks? Which one? Well, according to me, it would be student number six. Now, why did we - I think you probably chose the same ones as me -, why did we choose student number three and student number six? Why did we choose these responses and why didn't we choose one and four? Because one and four use the words: "good" and "bad". And what I'd like you to learn in this lesson is to use any words when you're speaking or writing other than: "good" or "bad". Why? Because "good" and "bad" are overly used, they're rather boring words, and they're not very descriptive words; they don't tell us anything specific, they're very vague, they're very general. What I'd like you to do instead is to do what these other students went on to do which is to be more detailed, more specific, more descriptive, more energetic, more dynamic in your speaking and in your writing. This one change will make a tremendous difference in the way that you speak and definitely in the way that you write. This is a really important lesson if you're planning to appear for the TOEFL, or the IELTS, or the TOEIC exam, or any English proficiency exam, or even if you're just in school and you're submitting assignments and essays. This one technique of getting rid of the words: "good" and "bad" and replacing them with more interesting words is going to give you a much higher score. Next, I'll show you exactly how you can do this. So, now I'll show you how to avoid using the lazy words: "good", "nice", or "bad", and start using more powerful words instead. All right? You're going to go from the basic, to the intermediate, to the advanced level word or you could say the more vague word, general word to a clear word, to a more specific word. Okay? That's what you want to keep in mind when you're coming up with your words. I've just given you some examples, but you can certainly come up with lots of other examples. Let's look at some of these. A "good" meal. A "tasty" meal. A "delicious" meal. We had a "nice" evening. Okay. We had a "fun" evening. We had an "enjoyable" evening. It was a really "good" meeting. It was a "useful" meeting. It was a "productive" meeting. You see how I'm adding so much more information with the more powerful vocabulary. Right? More detailed vocabulary. We had a "nice" holiday. Well, what is "nice"? "Nice" is a very general word. If you want to stay general, you can still use a better word. So here I've given you an example: we had a "pleasant" holiday. We had a "relaxing" holiday. Okay? So... Oh, I'm sorry. We had a "pleasant" holiday. Or: we had a "delightful" holiday. That's if you want to stay more general. If, by "nice holiday", you meant that it was really a quiet holiday, then say: "quiet". A better word than "quiet" is: we had a "relaxing" holiday. Okay? So you see how you're being more specific because when I say: "I had a nice holiday", it doesn't tell you very much; just gives you a very general impression. Let's continue with using the word: "bad". Also, another very overused word. It was a really "bad" journey. It was a "difficult" journey. It was a "problematic" journey. "Problematic" means there were many problems that you had or that you encountered on the way, during your journey.
8 Common Grammar Mistakes in English!
"What's the different"? "Today morning"? "I enjoyed"? Improve your grammar by correcting the common mistakes in these English sentences. A good review for all students, especially at intermediate and advanced levels. Also check our full resource of 100 Common Grammar Mistakes in English at http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/50-common-grammar-mistakes-in-english/ Quiz: http://www.engvid.com/8-common-grammar-mistakes-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson, you'll have a chance to review eight common English errors. So, let's see how you do. The first one: "Today morning I woke up late." So, what's wrong with that? There is actually something wrong with each and every one of these. I'll tell you that in advance; there's no... There are no tricks here. Okay? So, what's wrong with that sentence? "Today morning I woke up late." Well, it should be: "This morning". Okay? We don't say: "Today morning". We say: "This morning". Number two: "What's the different?" What's the different? Well, that's wrong too, because "different" is an adjective. What you want to use here is the noun. So, what's the noun of this word? "Difference". "What's the difference?" Okay? This is a really common error, so make sure you don't make this one. Next one: "I met John two years before." Okay? What's wrong with that? Well, over here, we can't say: "I met John two years before." We can say: "I met two... I met John two years ago." All right? If you use the word "before", then you have to say before something. "Before I graduated". Okay? "Before I got married", or whatever. But you can't use "before" by itself. So the proper word there is "ago". "I met John two years ago." Next one: "This is a six-months course." That sounds almost okay, but it's not okay. So the mistake here is with the "s". When we use this expression, it becomes... The entire expression becomes an adjective for the noun "course". So we should say: "This is a six-month course.", "This is a million dollar contract." And so on. Okay? That's another... Each of these is a different element of grammar, different aspect of grammar, and so on. Next, number five: "Thank you. I really enjoyed." What's wrong with that? Well, the problem is here. "Enjoyed" is a reflexive verb, so you would need to say: "I really enjoyed myself.", "I really enjoyed myself.", "He enjoyed himself.", "She enjoyed herself.", "We enjoyed ourselves.", "They enjoyed themselves." Okay? So there are certain reflexive verbs in English, and we need to use them correctly. That's one of them. Very common one. Okay, number six: "Did you loose your cellphone?" What's wrong with that? I helped you a little bit by actually showing you where the error is. So, many people make this error. This is actually a spelling mistake. You should be spelling the word this way. "Did you lose your cellphone?" "Loose" is an adjective which means not tight, and "lose" is the opposite of "find". Okay? "Did you lose your cellphone?" Also, the pronunciation is "lose" and not "loose". Next one: "This is an academic course.", "This is an academic course." So, what was wrong with what I said there? Okay? So, what was wrong was my pronunciation of that. So many people mispronounce this word. It is not "academic". It is "academic". The stress is on the middle. Academic. "This is an academic course.", "This is an academic program." Okay? So, if... In case you make that mistake. I'm not saying you do. In case you do, make sure you correct it. Last one: "Yes, I have a free time." Is that...? What's wrong there? What's going on? Okay, here. We don't need to say: "A free time". We need to say: "Free time", because this is a... Time is an uncountable noun. Now, each one of these examples represents a different aspect of grammar. So, how can you possibly learn all of them? Well, I'll give you two easy ways to help you out. One is to go to our website: www.engvid.com, because there, we have currently I think more than 700 lessons on different aspects of English grammar and of English in general for exams, for writing, speaking, all kinds of things. And by watching them, you can find the lessons that you actually need. And the other thing is that we also have... I've written actually a resource which might help you, which shows 50 such common errors that people make in English, and that might help you out as well. Okay? So, I hope you did well, and I hope you continue to do better and better in English. All the best with your English. Bye for now.
Bring or Take? - Confusing words in English
http://www.engvid.com/ Is it possible to make a mistake when these two verbs are actual opposites? Yes, it is, but not if you watch this English lesson. Test your understanding of this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/confused-words-bring-take/
Past Simple & Present Perfect
http://www.engvid.com/ Confused by English tenses? In this grammar lesson, you'll learn an easy way to tell the difference between the past simple and present perfect. Find out how asking the right question can give you the correct answer simply and quickly. Then take a quiz on the lesson at http://www.engvid.com/past-simple-present-perfect/
Learn English Grammar: "supposed to" & "going to"
Were you supposed to do something yesterday? What were you going to do? Learn two simple ways to talk about changed plans in English. Because plans change often, we use a set grammatical structure to express that clearly to others. Once you learn the structure, you will be able to say correctly what was supposed to happen and what actually happened. Watch the lesson, and take my quiz at the end to practice and perfect what you've learned. http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-supposed-to-going-to/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name's Rebecca. You know how sometimes you make plans, and then your plans change and you do something different from whatever you thought you were going to do? Well, in today's lesson, I'm going to show you how to express yourself when changes take place from the plans that you had made to what you actually do. So, let's have a look at this. So, the way you talk about changes in plans in the past is by using the expression: "was supposed to", or: "were supposed to", or: "was going to", "were going to". All right? I'll give you many examples of this. So what you need to do to use this expressions, you need to have first a subject, for example: "I". "I", then you use the past tense of the verb "to be": "was", then you use this expression: "supposed to". So far we have: "I was supposed to", plus you need to add a verb. All right? So: "I was supposed to do something.", "You were going to call me.", etc. Now, you can use this to talk about all kinds of activities, and I've given you some examples on the board. The activities can relate to people, they can relate to things, or just to actions in themselves. So let's look at some examples. "I was supposed to call my mom." Now, this sentence is fine by itself. "I was supposed to call my mom." All right? But often, we add something, like to explain why you didn't do that. So, for example: "I was supposed to call my mom, but it got too late." Or: "I was going to visit my friend, but he wasn't home." Or: "I was supposed to talk to my boss, but he was too busy." All right? So you see how it works? You use: "I was supposed to" or "I was going to", plus this, and then if you want, you can give an explanation about why your plans didn't work out. Let's look at some examples of how it works with things. "We were going to buy", oops. Not "help", but "milk". "We were going to buy some milk, but the store was closed.", "I was going to send the cheque, but I didn't have enough money in my account." Or: "He was going to fix the computer, but he came home too late." All right? Now, you see I'm changing the subject. So you could say: "I was supposed to", "He was supposed to", "She was supposed to". So these, we use with "was". And you could also say: "You were going to", "We were going to", "They were going to". All right? So, of course, you must know whether to use "was" or "were", and that you learn when you learn the past tense of the verb "to be". Okay. Now let's look at some actions. "I was supposed to travel this week, but it didn't work out.", "I was supposed to sleep, but my friends came over and then we went out instead.", "I was supposed to teach today, but I was feeling unwell." Okay? So here are many examples, and you can come up with your own. I'm sure there's something that you were planning to do which didn't work out. So think about it: what were you supposed to do yesterday that you didn't end up doing? And then you can use the sentence. Now, not only can you use this expression in sentences, you can also use it in a question. Now, often it's kind of in a negative question, like this: "Weren't you supposed to go to school today? What happened? How come you're still at home?" Or: "Weren't you going to submit your resume? What happened? Did you change your mind?" Or: "Weren't you supposed to attend the lecture?" Or: "Weren't you going to see the doctor?" Right? So you could also use it in question format, and usually it will be kind of a negative because somebody had told you that they were going to do something and then you found out that they didn't do it. So you can use this kind of expression. All right? So once again, the expression is: "supposed to" or "going to". If you're writing it, remember to spell it with the "d", because when I say it: "supposed to", you don't hear the "d". So don't make the mistake of leaving out the "d" in the word "supposed". Okay? We don't hear it, but you must spell it. All right? If you'd like to do some practice on these expressions, please go to our website: www.engvid.com. And you can also subscribe to my YouTube channel to get lots of other English lessons. Okay? Lots of luck with your English. Bye for now.
Improve your English with the "Magic of 3"
Learn the "Magic of 3" technique used by English presenters, politicians, and writers. I'll show you why and how to use this literary technique to get higher marks on your IELTS, TOEFL, or TOEIC exams. You can learn it easily and use it in personal, social, and business situations too, with the same positive results. http://www.engvid.com/improve-your-english-magic-of-3/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson, you'll have a chance to learn a very powerful technique in English -- a very powerful communication technique. It's called "The Magic of Three". I'll explain to you exactly what it is, but first, let me give you some examples of the "Magic of Three". You might have heard of this expression by Julius Caesar. It was originally in Latin, but I'll say it for you in English: "I came. I saw. I conquered." Similarly, modern times, Obama, in his inauguration speech said: "We have a responsibility to ourselves, our nation, and our world." Okay? See three there? There's another example by Ben Franklin. Some people also say this is a Chinese proverb: "Tell me, and I forget. Teach me, and I remember. Involve me, and I learn." Now, what all three famous men here were doing was using what you're going to learn how to use by the end of this lesson, which is the "Magic of Three". What is the "Magic of Three"? The "Magic of Three" is a literary device, a literary technique, a rhetorical technique, which is used by leaders, by politicians, by writers, by speakers, by orators to make the language come alive, to give it more rhythm, to give it more power, to give it more detail. All right? And you can learn how to do this. This is especially important if you're preparing for an exam like the TOEFL or the IELTS or anything in English, all right? You can use it in your personal life. You can use it in your professional life. And you can use it in your academic life, okay? So I'll give you examples of all of these, and then you will see how easy it is to start using this technique. Now, what are the advantages of using this technique? Especially if you are an ESL student, well, if you give one example of something like, "I enjoy reading", well, it's just one example. It shows you don't have too many ideas. And you also don't have -- you're also not displaying too much vocabulary. If you give two examples of something, it's a little bit better, but if you give three examples, it's excellent. It shows not only that you can think of different ideas, but also that you have the vocabulary -- and extensive vocabulary -- to express those ideas, but just because of time limitations, you're not going on and on, giving hundreds of examples. Three examples sounds like you have lots of ideas, but you're just restricting it for the purpose, all right? Let's look at some of the examples on the board so you can learn how to do this. In personal life you could say, "I enjoy reading, dancing, and travelling." All right? Three examples. "She loves roses, tulips, and daisies." "They serve Italian, Chinese, and Indian food." Now, you will see another grammatical principle at work here. I hope you see it. And what is that? When I said, "reading, dancing, travelling", what was common about those three words? They are all gerunds, right? So not only do you need to give three examples, but you need to give three examples in the same form of speech. Same here: "roses, tulips, daisies" -- three nouns. "Italian, Chinese, Indian" -- three adjectives. All right? So remember that principle, too. There is also another related principle called "parallelism", which you -- which talks about the same principle, okay? Let's continue. In your professional life, you could say, "The job requires hard work, long hours, and organizational skills." Now, here you see not just one word being repeated, but a pattern of words, right? Adjective-noun, adjective-noun, adjective-noun. So if you do that, try to keep that consistency, all right? Don't say, The job requires hard work, long hours, and organization", because then, you've lost the parallelism; you've lost the Magic of Three; you've lost the rhythm, okay? So remember that, as well. In this -- these examples have been taken, in fact, from some TOEFL essays. These are various TOEFL topics that had been given in previous exams. One was about success. Let's see how we could write it. "To some, success means fancy cars, huge mansions, and luxurious holidays." By using an adjective and a noun, you're showing off -- you're showing the examiner, "I have lots of vocabulary available, and I'm going to show you. Here it is." All right? Excellent idea in an exam to write this way. "My opinion is based on social, cultural, and financial reasons." See? Three examples -- very powerful, very strong. "This policy will have local, national, and international implications." All right? See how well that -- how good that sounds? How well it flows?
Business English - How to minimize problems
http://www.engVid.com/ By following a few simple techniques, you can make any problem sound less serious. Learn how to resolve your difficulties more easily, in business and in life. This English lesson will show you how. You can take a quiz on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/business-english-how-to-minimize-problems/
IELTS General: Writing Task 1  – 14 Top Tips!
I've trained thousands of students for success on their IELTS exam by using these 14 tips! Now it's your turn. You'll learn what you MUST do to get the highest score on your IELTS General Writing Task 1. Find out how to easily identify the type and purpose of each letter, and how to start and end your letter perfectly. Learn to save time and effort by using standard expressions. Understand the scoring criteria, so you know exactly what to do and what NOT to do. Visit http://www.GoodLuckIELTS.com for a free guide to the IELTS, and download my free resource at https://www.engvid.com/ielts-general-task-1-letter-writing/ with sample letters, sample topics, key expressions, tips, and much more. Good luck! Take the quiz on this lesson: https://www.engvid.com/ielts-general-writing-task-1/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. If you need to do the IELTS general exam, I'm sure it's for a very important reason. Perhaps you're trying to immigrate to another country, or get admission to a college program, or join a professional training program. Whatever your reason, I know you want to get the highest marks possible. Right? Of course. So I'm going to help you to do exactly that in one particular area of the exam, and that's in your writing section. Now, in the writing section there are two parts, one is a letter and one is an essay. In this lesson we will focus on how you can get the highest marks possible in the letter-writing section. Okay? The 14 tips that I'm going to give you I promise you, if you apply each one of these things, step by step you're going to get more and more marks. Okay? So stick with me and we will go through them. Let's get started. So, the first thing you have to identify when you read the letter-writing task is: What type of letter am I being asked to write? Is it a formal letter, is it a semi-formal letter, or is it an informal letter? Well, how do you know that? Well, you can know it in a few ways and I'm going to explain them, but one of the ways that you can know it is to look at the second point that you need to understand, is to identify the purpose of the letter because some purposes are more formal than other purposes. All right? For example, some formal letters might ask you to request information; or apply for a job; or complain about a product or a service, maybe to an airline, maybe to a store, something like that; or to make a suggestion or a recommendation. All right? To a shopping mall, to a restaurant, something like that. These are more formal situations. These are when we are writing to people or companies that we don't know. All right? That's the clue: You don't have anybody's name, you just have the name of the company. All right. Semi-formal letters might include things like this: Complaining to a landlord; or explaining something, a problem or a situation to a neighbour; or asking a professor for permission to miss an exam or to submit your assignment late. Whatever it is. Okay? The details vary. Doesn't matter. And here, what's...? What identifies the semi-formal? The semi-formal we know it's still a kind of a formal situation, but here we usually do know somebody's name. You would know the name of your landlord, or your professor, or your neighbour, for example. Right? So that means something in terms of the way that you write the letter, the language, the tone, the style. All of this is affected by whether it's formal, semi-formal, or informal. And I'll explain more to you as we go along. Now, examples of informal letters might be where you're being asked to invite a friend, or thank a friend, or apologize to a friend, or ask for advice from someone that you know. Okay? Here what's important is that you really know this person well and you're probably going to call them by first name. So I'm going to explain exactly how all of this translates into the next step, which is how you begin your letter. So the first step was to identify the type of letter. Second step, the purpose. Now the third step is to open and close the letter correctly. Once you've done steps one and two, you will know how to do this step. Because if it's a formal letter then you start with: "Dear Sir" or "Madam", and you end with: "Yours faithfully". Okay? That's how it is. If it's a semi-formal letter, you will start with something like: "Dear Mr. Brown" or "Dear Ms. Stone" or "Mrs. Stone". "Ms." Is when you don't know if a woman is married or not, or if she's just a modern woman. And you end the semi-formal letter with something like: "Yours sincerely". Okay? What we're trying to do is to match up the formality of the situation with these terms that we're using. Okay? The opening and closing salutations they're called, these are called. All right? Next is the informal one.
English Grammar - Prepositions to say where you live: AT, ON, IN
http://www.engvid.com/ Do you live ON Main St? AT Main St? IN Main St? Learn how to answer basic English questions about where you live with the right prepositions. I'll teach you how to use "in Los Angeles", "at Hill St", "on the 6th floor" and more. This is an important lesson for beginners and a great review for all levels. Take the quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-prepositions-at-on-in/ TRANSCRIPT: Hi, my name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com. Sometimes the most basic questions can cause us confusion. Why? Because when you have a question like: "Where do you live?" you need to know which preposition to use to answer the question correctly. So let's look at the board so that you can learn to answer this question correctly and confidently. So, suppose you need to give your address, the actual number where you live, the number of the house, then you say: "I live at 35 Hill St." Okay? -"Where do you live?" -"I live at 35 Hill St." So when you're giving the number with the street name, remember to say: "at". If you're just asked: "Which street do you live on?" Then you can say: "I live on Hill St." So when you're only giving the name of the street, use the preposition: "on". Now, just for you to know and remember: there are many words which basically represent the word: "street". You could have something like: "Street, Road, Avenue, Drive, Boulevard". Okay? "I live on Hill St.", "I live on San Fernando Rd.", "I live on Fairfax Ave.", "I live on Riverside Dr.", "I live on Hollywood Blvd." Okay? I don't, but hypothetically. All right? Next, if you're asked: "Where do you live?" as in the city or the country, then you have to use a different proposition. Then you have to use the preposition: "in". So: "Where do you live?" -"I live in Los Angeles.", "I live in California.", "I live in the U.S." Okay? So if you're mentioning the city, the state or the country then you want to make sure you use: "in". So: "I live at 35 Hill St. I live on Hill St. I live in Los Angeles." Okay? "At", "on", "in". Here are a few other points that sometimes you need to mention some more detailed information. There also, you need to know which preposition to use. So: "I live at the intersection of Pine and Maple Streets." So you have two streets, and you live close by so you can say: "I live at the intersection of Pine and Maple Streets." Okay? Or if somebody asks you: "Which floor do you live on?" You can say: "I live on the 15th floor.", "I live on the 6th floor." All right? And last, you might also sometimes need to give this information and you can say: "I live in an apartment." If you're in England, you might say: "I live in a flat." You could also say: "I live in a house." All right? So these are the three basic prepositions: "at", "on", and "in" that you need to answer the fundamental question: "Where do you live?" Now, to review that, next I'll be giving you a little exercise so you can practice what you've learned. All right, so we have two people here, Lucas and Sarah and we're going to ask them: "Where do you live?" And you help me to figure... fill in the blanks and to know how to answer the question. "So Lucas, where do you live?" So he says: "I live in Miami." Okay? Next one is: "the 6th floor" so what does he say? "I live on the 6th floor." "Where do you live?" "92 Bird St." So what does he say? "I live at 92 Bird St." -"Where do you live?" -"I live in Florida." "Kendall Dr.": -"Where do you live?" -"I live on Kendall Dr." "Where do you live?" "An apt": "I live in an apt." Okay? Now we know all about Lucas. Let's go to Sarah. "Sarah, where do you live?" "65 Oxford St." So she says: "I live at 65 Oxford St." "Where do you live?" "London": "I live in London." "Regent St.": "I live on Regent St." "A rented flat": "I live in a rented flat." "The 10th floor": "I live on the 10th floor." And: "Where do you live?" She wants to answer: "England" so she says: "I live in England." All right? The only way to learn these is to practice them a lot. Put down information like this and try to see if you can put in the right answers. All right? If you want some more practice, you can also go to our website: www.engvid.com and there you'll have a chance to do a quiz on this topic. So good luck with your English. Thanks for watching.
Speaking English - How to use "unless"
http://www.engvid.com/ You won't understand how to use this word UNLESS you watch this grammar lesson! Learn how to use "unless" in those tricky conditional and negative conditional sentences. I'll show you how to change "if you don't prepare for the TOEFL" to "unless you prepare for the TOEFL". I'll also give you an easy formula to start using "unless" in your own English conversations. Take a quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/speaking-english-unless/ TRANSCRIPT: Hi. My name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In today's lesson, you'll learn how to use the word "unless" correctly in English. Now, the word "unless" expresses a negative condition. That means that unless one thing happens, something else cannot happen. Let's look at some examples on the board, and I think you'll learn this very easily, okay? Let's get started. Now, for example, let's take the first sentence: "You can't go to university if you don't finish high school." So the negative condition here is "if you don't finish high school", right? So instead of saying "if you don't", you could say, "You can't go to university unless you finish high school." Okay? "You can't go to university if you don't finish high school" or "You can't go to university unless you finish." So here, you see that we had to use the negative words, "if you don't". But when we use the word "unless", it does that automatically. Let's look at another example: "You can't enter the club if you don't have ID." "ID" is short for "identification". "You can't enter the club unless you have ID. You can't enter the club unless you have ID." Next one: "You can't visit Italy if you don't get a visa." So what do we do? We place this, and we can say, "You can't visit Italy unless you get a visa." "You can't borrow books if you don't have a library card." How would we change that using "unless"? "You can't borrow books unless you have a library card." Last one: "You can't pass the TOEFL if you don't prepare." How would you change that using "unless"? "You can't pass the TOEFL unless you prepare." All right? Next, I'll give you an exercise so you can practice this a little bit better. Now, let's try a couple of examples with "unless". Let's say this is the situation: "John can't go out unless he does a few things." So how would you say that? "John can't go out unless he finishes his homework; unless he cleans his room; unless he takes a shower." Okay? Good. Let's see if you can do this one. You can say it at home: "I can't improve my English unless I read more books; I write more often; I watch more EngVid lessons." Okay? So you see how "unless" can be used in these examples. Try your best to write some sentences of your own, create a situation that, "Today, I can't do this unless I do that." And each day, if you write a sentence like that with what you need to do or what has to happen before something else can happen, you will learn how to use the word "unless". So if you'd like to do a quiz on this subject, you can go to our website: www.engvid.com. All the best with your English. Bye, for now.
Confused Words - BEFORE & AGO
http://www.engVid.com/ Did you start learning English several years ago or several years before? In this video, you will learn the correct usage of these commonly confused words. Take the free quiz to test your understanding of the lesson at http://www.engvid.com/confused-words-before-ago/
Common English Errors: SOME & ANY
http://www.engvid.com/ The words "some" and "any" are used frequently in English. Are you using them correctly? Watch this lesson to be sure, then take the free quiz at http://www.engvid.com/common-english-errors-some-any/ to test yourself.
Speaking English - How to use "so" and "neither"
http://www.engvid.com/ "So do I." "Neither did he." "So will we." Learn how to use these common expressions in the present, past and future tenses in English. I'll teach you how these shortcuts can improve your speaking skills so you sound more like a native English speaker. This is a practical English lesson you can apply right away. Go test your skills with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/speaking-english-so-neither/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In today's lesson, you'll learn how to agree with a positive or negative sentence in English. And you can do this by using the words "so" or "neither" -- "neither" or "neither", okay? It's pronounced both ways, and both ways are acceptable. I'll show you how to agree within five different tenses, okay? So let's have a look at the board. Let's start with the present simple. If someone says to you, "I work every day" or "I work five days a week", and you want to agree with them, you can say, "So do I." In present simple, we would use the "do" -- "So do I." "I don't work on Sundays." "Neither do I." Okay? That's present simple. If it was present continuous -- or present progressive, as it's also known -- someone says, "I'm working on Thursday", and you want to agree, you say, "So am I." The "am" is taken from here: "I am working." "So am I." "I'm not working on Friday." "Neither am I." Okay? See there is also a kind of intonation to that. So try to listen for that as well as for the words. Someone talks to you in the past simple, tells you something that happened, okay? So he says, "I worked last weekend", and you agree with him, so you say, "So did I."; or "I didn't work last week." "Neither did I." Okay? So basically, these are short forms. These are abbreviations. So that you don't have to say, "Well, I didn't work last week either." You don't have to repeat the whole sentence. By saying "so" or "neither", you are, in fact, repeating what the person said. Past continuous: "I was working when you called." "Well, so was I." "I wasn't working when you called." "Neither was I." Okay? And lastly, we have the future tense. The future -- we can, of course, say, "I will work", or "I'm going to work." So let's try to see what happens with both of those. "I'll work -- I'll work tomorrow." Okay? So you can agree with that and say, "So will I." "I won't work on Fridays." "Neither will I." Okay? Again, "I will work", so we're saying "will". And this, which is the negative "I will not work", when we contract it, we actually say, "I won't work." Okay? But in this form, we still say, "Neither will I." Last: "I'm going to work on Friday." "So am I." Again, "I'm going to work" is "I am going to work." So therefore, we have the "am" here. And last, "I'm not going to work on Saturday." And you say, "Neither am I." I know it's a little bit confusing, but once you are able to do this in the -- the five basic tenses in English -- present simple, present continuous, past simple, past continuous, and future tense -- then you will be able to say a whole lot of things in English. Next, I'll give you a chance to practice this through an exercise. Now, remember: We use "so" to agree with a positive sentence and "neither" to agree with a negative sentence. So you've to keep this in mind, and you also have to keep in mind the tense that's being used in the sentence. Let's get started. "I like jazz." So the other person says, "So do I." Good. "Mark didn't go to school." How do you agree with that? "Neither did I." "Neither did I" because it's in the past tense. "The baby was sleeping." How do you agree with that? "So was I" -- past continuous. "Jim isn't studying." How do you agree with that? "Neither am I" -- present continuous, right? "Dad's flying to Nigeria." What do you say? "So am I." And last: "Susan doesn't dance." How do you agree with that? "Neither do I." All right? I hope you got those right. If you'd like to do a little more practice on this, please go to our website, www.engvid.com, and there you'll be able to do a quiz on this subject and also watch lots of other videos to help you improve your English. So thanks for watching, and good luck with your English. Bye for now.
Confused Words - DURING & WHILE
http://www.engVid.com/ We say "During the lesson..." but "While I was studying..." Find out why in this English lesson.
Learn English for Call Centers and Customer Service Jobs
Does your job involve speaking with customers in English? If you want to speak clearly and politely to customers, this lesson is for you! You'll hear a model conversation full of polite expressions you can use at work. I'll teach you the correct way to greet customers, and how to ask common questions that come up in customer service and sales jobs in call centers. This is a great way to improve your job performance or to prepare for a call center interview. I'll also teach you a secret that all the top customer service agents know. Beyond call center training, this lesson will help anyone who wants to communicate more professionally and politely in the workplace. http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-for-call-centers-and-customer-service-jobs/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Being polite is always important, but it's especially important if you have a job in a call centre or in any customer service oriented position. So, let's look at what it sounds like when we meet a polite employee and a rude employee, whether it's on the phone or in person. But this dialogue that we're going to go through is actually on the phone. So, let's listen. Okay, so we have here two employees, Rude Robert and Polite Patricia, and they speak very differently. So let's listen to Robert. Robert answers the phone, and he says; "Yes? Huh?" Patricia says: "Hello. Good morning." Robert goes on: "What do you want?" Patricia says: "May I help you? How can I assist you?" Then Robert says: "Wait a minute." Patricia says: "Just a moment, please." Then Robert can't hear, so he says: "What? Huh? Can't hear you." Patricia says: "I'm afraid I didn't hear what you said. Could you speak a little louder, please?" Now, in this case, we were listening to both people. Right? Let's just go and listen to Robert by himself and see what he sounds like. "Yes. Huh? What do you want? Wait a minute. What? Huh? Can't hear you." Now let's listen to Patricia. "Hello. Good morning. May I help you? How can I assist you? Just a moment, please. I'm afraid I didn't hear what you said. Could you speak a little louder, please?" Who would you rather meet on the phone? Let's continue this dialogue. And Robert continues. Let's listen in. "What else? Is that it?" Patricia says: "Will there be anything else? Will that be all? Is there anything else I can help you with today?" Robert says: "Gimme yer email." Now, you see, I wrote here: "Gimme your email." Okay? That is not proper English; that is not correct English. Don't write like that. But I wrote it like that because when people speak really fast and they speak very casually and very, very, very informally, then it sounds like that. But it's only proper in certain informal situations with your friends or something like that; not in the workplace. Okay? And certainly not in a customer service kind of position. So, you will see some things like that here, but don't try to talk like that or write like that if you have a customer service job. So, Robert says: "Gimme your email." Patricia says: "May I have your email please?" Robert says: "How many boxes do ya want?" Patricia says: "How many boxes would you like?" Now, that's something to really pay attention to. When we change: "Do you want" to "Would you like", it makes a world of difference. "Would you like" is very, very polite, and "Do you want" is very ordinary. So make sure that you use: "Would you like", even if you don't have a customer service job. It's just a much more polite way of speaking. Let's continue. So, Robert says: "How do you wanna pay?" And Patricia says: "How would you like to pay?" Again, we see: "Do you want" or "wanna" and "Would you like". Right? "How will you be paying today?" And Robert says: "Okay. Bye!" And Patricia says: "Thank you very much. Have a nice day. Now, did you notice that when I was reading Patricia's part, I was smiling; when I was reading Robert's part, I wasn't smiling? So, most call centres and customer service positions train their employees to smile while they're speaking, because they say that we can hear your smile. All right? And it's true. And if you go back and listen to this video, you might hear my smile even if you're not looking at the video. So try that yourself. If you want to sound friendlier, if you want to sound more polite, if you want to sound warmer - then smile, especially when you're on the phone. And even though people can't see you, they can hear your smile and your warmth. Okay? So, keep these points in mind. They can make or break your career. All right? If you'd like to do some practice on this, please go to our website: www.engvid.com. Thanks very much for watching. Bye for now.
"Have you ever...?" How to use Present Perfect immediately
http://www.engvid.com Start using the present perfect easily and effectively by watching this important English grammar lesson. No more fear! Afterwards, test yourself at http://www.engvid.com/present-perfect/ .
Learn English Prepositions: TO or AT?
Do you arrive "to" the airport or "at" the airport? Do you fly "to" London or fly "at" London? In this lesson, I will teach you an easy way to know which preposition to use when. I'll explain which word refers to movement and which one refers to location. Watch this lesson so you can be sure – today and always! https://www.engvid.com/learn-english-prepositions-to-or-at/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn the difference between two commonly confused prepositions, which are "to" and "at". So, the thing to remember is that "to" always suggests movement or direction. All right? "To" with movement, you're going to someone, to someplace, or towards something. So, "to" is movement or direction, and "at" suggests a location in place or time. So, "to" something, but "at" somewhere. "To" something, "at" somewhere. Do you see the difference? "To", there's movement. "At", you've already arrived. Okay? So: "to" and "at". If you use those gestures it may help you to think through it while you're choosing which preposition to use. So, let's look at some examples. So, as again... As I said, again, we use "to" for movement or direction towards a person, a place, or a thing. For example: "I talked to him.", "We went to school.", "She walked to her car." A person, a place, a thing. Movement, "to". Okay? All right, here are some other common verbs. There are lots and lots of verbs that we can use with this preposition "to", which implies movement. These are some examples. You go to someplace, you go to school. You go to the university. You go to work. You run to something. You fly to London. You return to somewhere. Okay? Or you can also use lots of verbs with "to" plus a person. You explain something to someone, send a letter to someone, read it to someone, write to someone, or speak to someone. There's a direction. Right? Whether you're speaking, or writing, or walking, or running - "to" is always movement and direction. Good. Now, "at" is steady. Whereas "to" is moving, "at" is very steady. "At" stays in one place, "at" is location, location and place, location and time. For example: "We arrived"-where?-"at the airport." We drove to the airport, and then we arrived at the airport. All right? So: "We arrived at the airport." Or: "Wake me up at 6:00." So, again, it's a location or a place in time, or a physical place. All right? Got it? Now, here are some other examples of verbs that you can use with "at", but again, there are lots and lots of verbs. So what's really important is not to learn the verbs, but to learn how these prepositions are used and what exactly they mean. But here are some examples. We stayed at the hotel, for example. I live at... I work at... I eat at this restaurant. I shop at the mall. Okay? So, "at" plus place or sometimes "at" plus time. Call me at 5:00. Let's meet at noon. Let's start at 10:00. Okay? So we have "at", location. Okay? Arrival, and "to" is always movement or direction. Got that? Now let's do a little quiz to make sure that you really got it. All right, now let's do the quiz. Now remember: "to" indicates movement and "at" indicates location or arrival. So, here we go. "We stayed _______ home." "at home" or "We stayed to home"? "We stayed"... In all of these cases you have to choose between "to" and "at". "We stayed at home." Okay? Stay somewhere. "I spoke _______ Jack." "to Jack", "I spoke at Jack"? What do we say? "I spoke to". The direction of your speech is towards Jack. Next: "She went _______ the bank." "to the bank" or "at the bank"? "She went", so "went" is movement. Right? Think of the verb. The verb is talking about movement. "She went to the bank." Next: "I bought this keychain _______ the gift shop." "to the gift shop" or "at the gift shop"? So here the answer would be "at". Very good. Next... The next one: "Meet me _______ the coffee shop." "Meet me to the coffee shop", "at the coffee shop"? What do we say? "Meet me at", right? Because it's a place. Next: "The movie starts _______ 4:00." "to 4:00", "at 4:00"? Which one is right? "The movie starts at", okay? We always use "at" for very specific times. Next: "We flew _______ Amsterdam." What do we say? "We flew..." Flew, movement. Right? Flying is movement. "to Amsterdam", very good. "I sent a card _______ my Mom." Sending, is it movement? Yes. Sending implies movement, so for movement we have to say: "I sent a card to my Mom." Okay. "She read a story _______ her son." When you're reading, the activity is directed towards someone, so: "She read a story to her son." And the last one: "John studied _______ the library." So, where was he? Was he in one place or was he moving? He was in one place, one location. All right? So we can say: "John studied at the library." Okay? I hope that my little demonstrations helped you to understand the meaning of "to" as well as "at". All right? If you'd like to do some more practice, please go to our website, www.engvid.com.
Past Simple or Present Perfect?
http://www.engvid.com English tenses can be confusing. In this lesson, you will learn a simple way to know when to use the past simple and present perfect tenses. Test yourself with the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/past-simple-or-present-perfect/
Conversation Skills - How to END a conversation politely
http://www.engvid.com/ Saying goodbye is as easy as 1-2-3, once you know how! Learn an easy three-step method for ending any conversation -- formal or informal. Never be stuck in a conversation longer than you want. This simple exit strategy works on the phone or in person, in both social and business situations. http://www.engvid.com/ending-conversations-politely/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In today's lesson, I'm going to show you how to end a conversation. Now, many people know how to start a conversation, but it's not always clear exactly how you can end a conversation politely. So I'm going to show you a three-step technique that you can use anytime you need to leave or end a conversation with someone. So let's have a look at the board. Basically, what you want to do is something like this. You want to give a reason; you want to refer to the future; and then, you want to say goodbye. So you could combine something from here, here, and here. Let's try it out. You could say, "Oh, look at the time. I'm afraid I have another appointment. Let's get together soon, okay? Bye for now. Take care." So something from here, something from here, something from here. Of course, a person might say something between, but even if you're saying these three things, it's a very polite way to exit the conversation. Another way that you can use which we often use to be polite to the other person is rather than indicating that you are in a hurry to go, your turn around, and you say to them, "Well, I won't keep you any longer. You're probably busy." Or, "I'll let you go." Something like that. You could then add something from here. "Let's do lunch sometime"; or "I'll give you a call next week"; and "All right. See you. Bye for now." Something like that. A little more formal situation. Let's say you've been to a meeting or a cocktail party or something like that. You could say, "It's been a pleasure talking to you." We're in a business situation, right? "It's been a pleasure talking to you." "It's been a pleasure meeting you." "I'll call you next week.", or "May I call you next week?" if you want to, all right? Here, you might skip this part because if it's a very formal situation, you might not be the one who calls them. You might say something like, "I'll look forward to hearing from you" if that's relevant. Or you could just say, "It's been a pleasure talking to you. Thank you very much." Because in a formal situation, that might be enough. So by following this simple three-step rule, you can exit any conversation in a polite way. If you'd like to do a little quiz on this, please go to our website www.engvid.com, and you can practice exactly how to do this so you can do it easily in your own life. If you enjoyed this video, please subscribe to my channel on YouTube as well. All right? Good luck with your English. Bye for now.
12 IELTS Speaking Tips
Learn 12 important ways to get a higher score on the IELTS Speaking section. Find out what to do and what NOT to do from an experienced IELTS trainer and understand how to increase your IELTS Speaking score, easily and immediately. You're guaranteed to learn something new here -- and that can make all the difference! http://www.goodluckielts.com/ Take a quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/12-ielts-speaking-tips/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In today's lesson, I'll give you 10 important tips to do well and to get a higher score on the speaking section of your IELTS exam, or actually on any oral speaking test where you're sitting with a live examiner. Okay? So these tips don't apply actually to the TOEFL where your answers are recorded, but it's for any English exam where you're sitting with a real examiner. Okay? Now, the IELTS, of course, the speaking section of the IELTS test is about 11 or 14 minutes long, has three different sections, and so on. And the IELTS is an exam which is a... It's an English proficiency exam. It's used for immigration purposes, for example, to Canada and Australia. It's used for admission to universities where English is the medium of instruction, and it's also used for professional certification purposes. So lots and lots of people, millions of people do the IELTS exam. And if you're one of them, these speaking tips will really help you. They're general tips; they're not about the specific sections. They apply to all sections of the speaking test. Okay? Let's get started. So, the first point is: during your speaking test, be formal. By that, I mean treat it like a job interview. And just as in a job interview, you'll be on your best behaviour and so on, behave that way. Don't take it very casually. Okay? Take it seriously and be formal. Next, give a full answer whenever possible. Now, remember and just think about it: you have about 11 to 15 minutes to use the best English that you know and that you've studied all your life. Okay? So, obviously, you want to try to show off during your English test. So, when I say give a full answer, I mean, in the first section when they ask you some questions about you, about your family, about your background, if they say, for example: "Where are you from?" Don't just say: "Tokyo", because that's just a one word answer. Try, as much as possible, to give sentences. Give full sentences. All right? Full answer. So that you can show when you use the full sentence that you know grammar, you know vocabulary, and all these other things. So, instead of just saying: "Tokyo." Say: "I'm from Tokyo, the capital of Japan." Or: "I'm from the capital of Japan, Tokyo." Now, you've given a lot more information. So, obviously, you get much more marks if you kept doing that throughout. Right? Give full answers, using sentences, not just words. Next: be polite. What we mean by that, for example, if the examiner asks you something and you didn't understand, it's okay. Just ask for the explanation in a polite way. Don't just say: "What?" Or: "Sorry?" Say: "Excuse me? Could you please repeat that?" Because that's also using English, and that's what they want to know: can you use English? And by being polite, you're not just showing that you know the language, but also that you know the culture of the language, which is being polite. Okay? So remember to do that. Next, maintain good posture. Why do I put that? Nobody's filming you. Right? So, why do you have to maintain good posture? Because your posture actually affects your... The way you speak. It affects your confidence, the confidence with which you speak, it affects the way your voice is projected. So you want to make sure that you don't, for example, lean on your hand when you're speaking or anything like that. Okay? Make sure that you sit straight and don't put your hand anywhere near your face, even if you're nervous, because that will affect the quality of your voice and the way it's projected. Okay? Next. Number five: speak clearly. Now, what I mean by this is: don't worry too much about your accent. Everyone has an accent, and as long as you do your best to enunciate the words clearly, that's all you can do. If you need to improve your pronunciation, work on that before your exam. If there are some very specific pronunciation errors that you tend to make or that people from your country tend to make, then obviously, work on those beforehand. For example, if you are a Spanish speaker and you say: "Jess", instead of: "Yes", then that's a big mistake that you want to correct well before you come to the exam. So, work on those pronunciation issues before, and then afterwards, don't worry about your accent, just speak as clearly as you can. Okay?
12 Common Errors in Academic English – and how to fix them!
What's "academic writing"? If you're in school or university, you must know the difference between general English and academic English. Watch this important lesson to avoid the most common mistakes students make in academic writing. In your own language, the difference between these two modes of writing might not be that great, but in English, there are a lot of differences depending on the context. So even if you know your grammar and write a correct sentence, you might still be wrong because the structure or tone was not appropriate for an academic setting! Watch this video and learn how to write correctly and get higher grades in an academic environment. Then take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/12-common-errors-in-academic-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca. And in today's lesson, I'll explain twelve common errors that students make in academic English. Now, what's academic English? It's the English that you need to use in school, college, or university when you're reading, writing, listening, and speaking -- okay -- ideally, but most importantly, when you're writing. Now, what's the difference between academic English and general English? Well, academic English in general -- there are many differences, but in general, academic English is more formal; it's more objective, and also, it has to use a lot of referencing. You always have to let people know where you got your information from. You have to cite the source. You have to give the source. You can't claim to write something and claim it as your own. Okay? If you do that, that's called "plagiarism". It's a very serious offense in academic circles. But today, we're not going to talk about how to reference a source. We're going to talk about the two other aspects: How to write more formally and objectively, and what are the ten common errors that students make when they are not formal enough. Okay? So not ten, twelve. Here we go. So first of all, using contractions. All of these are what you should not do, okay? So avoid using contractions. Sorry. In this case, don't use contractions at all. So don't say "don't"; say "do not". Don't say "isn't"; say "is not". All right? That's academic English. Next, avoid phrasal verbs. So for example, instead of saying "go up" -- "Prices went up. -- say, "Prices increased." Instead of saying "take away", say "removed". Avoid these multi-part verbs. All right? It's not as formal. Next, avoid idioms. Instead of saying, "It was A1", say, "It was excellent." All right? Avoid slang. Don't say "kids"; say "children". Use the proper terminology for various subjects. Avoid pronouns. So for example, instead of saying, "You can see from the graph..." -- all right. We use the pronoun "you". Instead of that, say, "The graph shows..." all right? Next, avoid negatives. For example, instead of saying, "Something is not effective", just say, "It is ineffective." Instead of saying something is "not positive", say, "It's negative." So avoid these kinds of negatives. Next, avoid clichés. Now, what are "clichés"? "Clichés" are a kind of idiom, basically -- commonly used expressions. All right? And so on. Kind of a common wisdom about different things. And so you want to avoid these kinds of expressions. For example, instead of saying, "When all is said and done" -- all right? We use that in conversation, but you don't want to use it in your academic writing. Instead of saying that, you'd probably use an expression like "in conclusion". All right? So next, there are certain kinds of punctuation -- there are actually lots of rules about punctuation. And the kind of punctuation, the style of punctuation that you use in academic writing depends on the style guide that you have been asked to follow in your school, college, or university. Some very well-known style guides are the MLA or APA. These are certain style guides, and they tell you everything about how you need to write, what rules you need to follow, what are the rules of punctuation and of quotations marks, of this and that. Okay? A lot more than what I'm covering here. But in general, I can just tell you that we don't see that many exclamation marks in academic writing, okay? We do see a lot of semicolons. All right? That's kind of -- when do we use a semicolon? Do you remember? Okay. What's the difference between a period and a semicolon? A period clearly divides two sentences. And a semicolon has one sentence which is a complete sentence; then you put the semicolon. You do not capitalize the next letter, and the next sentence is connected, and you want to show that it's connected to the first sentence, which is a very academic, intellectual, philosophical thing to do. So learn to use semicolons if you're in university especially.
Conversational English - So & Such
http://www.engvid.com/ So nice day or such a nice day? So big or such big? Learn the difference between these two commonly confused words and improve your conversational English immediately. Test yourself with the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/so-such/
Learn English: "No matter..."
No matter what, no matter when, no matter where... Learn the meaning of this very common expression, and practice how to use it in lots of ways to express different ideas. Each time you learn a new expression, you get closer to becoming a fluent English speaker! No matter what your level of English now, you can improve by watching lessons and practicing. Take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-no-matter/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In today's lesson, you'll learn how to use a common expression used by many English speakers, and that is the expression: "No matter", with some other words. So, what does this mean? When we say: "No matter", something, it means it doesn't matter, but... Okay? You'll understand more as we look at the very many examples that I've put on the board, because there are so many ways that we can use this expression. Okay? Let's get started. "No matter when you arrive, call me." Okay? So, what happens here is that we use: "No matter", with one of these many words. Okay? And also, something to keep in mind is in this first part of the expression-right?-you want to use the present tense, and not the future tense. Even though we're talking about the future, but when we have a conditional word like that, then we just use the present tense in that part of the sentence. So we say: "No matter when you arrive", not: "No matter when you will arrive". "No matter when you arrive, call me." Next: "No matter what you think, he's a nice person." "No matter who calls, tell them I'm out." "No matter which city you live in, there are problems." "No matter where you go, you meet friendly people." "No matter how you feel, you should call them." "No matter how much I do, it's never enough." Oh, some people feel like that. Many people feel like that sometimes. Next: "No matter how many times we tell her, she doesn't listen." "No matter how often I warn them, they keep gambling." "No matter how hard it is, don't give up." Okay? Now, you see the very many ways in which we can use this expression, and you can see in the last one that we said "how hard". So you could use all kinds of adjectives here. "No matter how hard", "No matter how kind he is", "No matter how generous they are". You could say: "No matter how tired you are, you should go to their house." or whatever. Okay? So there's no limit here to the number of variations that you can use with the expression: "No matter". And again, "No matter" means it doesn't matter when you arrive, call me; it doesn't matter what you think, he's a nice person. It's just a short way of expressing that-okay?-idea. Now, there's also one other thing I want to point out to you. Usually, it's like this. Usually, "No matter" is at the beginning, but sometimes we change the order a little bit. For example: "Call me when you return, no matter what time." or: "no matter what time it is". Okay? So you see here, "No matter", has jumped to the second part of the sentence. And that's okay, because here, the person wants to emphasize this part: "Call me", okay? And a last example: "I'll always love you, no matter what!" Okay? I hope you love somebody so much that you have the opportunity to use that expression. Okay, so if you'd like to do some more practice on this, go to our website: www.engvid.com, and you can also subscribe to my YouTube channel and get lots more lessons like this one. Thanks very much. Bye for now.
Advance your English with 7 INTENSIFIERS
Want to sound more educated in English? Then I strongly recommend you watch this lesson. You'll learn seven advanced English expressions you can use while speaking or writing, in social, academic, and business situations. Intensifiers add passion and depth to your English. Once you learn these, I'm sure you'll also start noticing how commonly they are used. I sincerely hope you enjoy the lesson and honestly believe you'll upgrade your English! I recommend you practice using one or two of these intensifiers every day. Try writing a sentence with one of these intensifiers in the comments here! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/advance-your-english-7-intensifiers/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. After teaching English for more than 30 years, my goal in all my lessons is to help you to learn English more quickly and easily. So in the next few minutes you're going to be able to take your English to a higher level by learning seven advanced expressions with intensifiers. Now, what does that mean? What are intensifiers? Let's find out. Okay? So let's start with this example in a general situation. Okay? "Joan likes music." We can say that, or we could say: "Joan really likes music." In this example, the word "really" is an intensifier, and what an intensifier does is that it strengthens or emphasizes the verb. She doesn't just like music, she really likes music, and that's fine to say. Okay? That's called an adverb intensifier. All right? Doesn't matter, but maybe for those of you who like to understand grammar, I'm just telling you what the words are. All right, let's look at another example from a business context. "We appreciate your offer." Okay? No intensifier, there. The next example: "We really appreciate your offer." Now, again, the word "really" was the intensifier. But do we use only "really" as intensifiers? No. We use many, many other words because it would be very boring to keep saying "really" all the time. Also, "really" might be fine in this example because it's kind of informal and conversational, but here it's a little bit more formal, a little bit more businesslike, so you want to use better English, you want to use more advanced English, and you want to use more advanced expressions. So, what do we usually say instead of that with the verb "appreciate"? We usually say something like this: "We truly appreciate your offer." Okay? Now, in this example, the word "truly" is the intensifier instead of "really". Right? And the verb stays the same, so that's "appreciate". So, when you have an intensifier like "truly" or "really" plus a verb, like "appreciate", that's called a collocation. Okay? Or a word combination, two words which are used together very frequently. All right? So people expect to hear them together. All right? So when you use them, you sound much more natural. You also sound a little bit more formal, more polite, more educated, a little bit more refined and cultured, and just more advanced in English. All right? Because obviously if you say: "I truly appreciate your offer", instead of saying: "I really appreciate your offer", then you're going to sound more advanced. Now, of course, it depends on the situation. If you're just talking to friends, maybe you want to keep saying "really appreciate", but I'm going to show you seven other expressions... Six other expressions-you've already learned one, all right?-which you can use and which are used very often in academic circles and also in professional circles because you can use these expressions in speaking and writing, you can use them in social and business situations, like especially in customer service, in meetings, negotiations, presentations, discussions. Right? And, of course, we can use them in a lot of academic situations, like in your essays, or your IELTS, or your TOEFL. Imagine if you started using this kind of vocabulary instead of regular vocabulary. Of course you're going to get higher marks. All right? So, let's look at some of these expressions. All right, so let's first start with an overview of these six advanced expressions. All right? I'll just read them right now. Don't worry about understanding them or how to use them. I'm going to explain that in just a minute. Okay? All right. So the first one: "Strongly recommend", "honestly believe", "deeply regret", "fully recognize", "sincerely hope", and "positively encourage". Okay? So, what did you notice in those? Each of them had an intensifier. Right? "Strongly", "honestly", "deeply", "fully", "sincerely", "positively", and each of them had a verb; "recommend", "believe", "regret", etc. Okay. So, why are they expressions? Why are they called collocations? Because these expressions, these two-word combinations are used together, and they are recognized as good expressions to use together. All right? So let's go through them now so you understand exactly how to use them.
English Grammar Tricks - Countable & Uncountable Nouns
http://www.engvid.com/ A furniture? Much books? Do you make mistakes like these? Learn some easy tricks to master countable and uncountable nouns for use in conversation and on exams. http://www.engvid.com/countable-uncountable-nouns/
Introduction to the TOEIC
Need to take the TOEIC? Learn the basics of this popular English proficiency exam, which tests your business English skills and is easier than the TOEFL and the IELTS. How much do you know about the TOEIC? Quiz yourself at: http://www.engvid.com/introduction-to-the-toeic/
Talking about "having something done" in English
Do you "cut your hair", or do you "have it cut"? In this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about actions that other people do for you. When we talk about these actions, we change the structure of the sentence by adding the verb "to have". In this quick lesson, you'll master an important part of speaking English correctly by learning to apply this rule, and by reviewing many example sentences. Intermediate and advanced ESL students will find this lesson very helpful. Test your understanding by taking the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/talking-about-having-something-done-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson, I'll show you an advanced way to improve your English. Let me start by asking you a few questions. Do you cut your own hair? Do you repair your own car? Do you fix your roof? If you're like most people, you probably do not do those things by yourself; you have someone else do those things for you. Right? So in English, when you have someone else perform an action for you, we express that in a different way, and that's what you're going to learn in this lesson. Okay? Let's have a look at the board. Okay, so let's say that you do something by yourself. Okay? Then you would say, for example: "I paint the house every year." That's if you do it by yourself. If you... In the past, we would say: "I painted the house last year." In the future, you would say: "I will paint the house next year." Right? That's when you do the action. That's the normal way in which we construct an English sentence. But what if you don't do it yourself? What if somebody else comes in and does it for you? Okay? You hire a painter, and he or she does the work for you. Then, in English, we have to express it in a different way. We have to express it like this. In the present, it would be: "I have the house painted every year." So what's special, there? This: "I have the house painted every year." Last year or in the past: "I had the house painted last year." Okay? See the difference, there? And when we're talking about the future: "I will have the house painted next year." Okay? Good. Now, I know that sounds like a mouthful. That means it sounds like a lot of words, and it is a lot of words in the beginning until you understand how it's constructed, but just try to see the difference between: "I paint the house." and "I have the house painted.", between: "I painted the house." and "I had the house painted.", between: "I will paint the house." and "I will have the house painted." Okay? That's what you have to do when you are talking about something which someone else does for you; a service which someone else performs for you. Okay? Let's look at a few more examples, and then you'll understand a little better. So let's say, for example, I don't cut my own hair, and I guess you don't cut your own hair either. So, how would you say that? Okay? If somebody else does it for you? You would say: "I have my hair cut every month." for example. In the past: "I had my hair cut." Sorry, it should be "last month". Okay. And: "I will have my hair cut next month." Okay? So we have present, past, future. So what was special, there? "I have my hair cut", "I had my hair cut", "I will have my hair cut". Okay? So that's the way we express it when a hairdresser or someone else, or a barber, is going to cut your hair, and not you. Okay, next. Now, here we're going to talk about John. John is a rich guy, and he's also doing very well, he makes a lot of money, but he doesn't like to clean. So he doesn't clean his own apartment. He calls a maid in to clean his apartment. So, when we're talking about John, we say... We don't say: "John cleans his apartment", because he doesn't do it himself; someone else does it for him. Right? So we say: "John has his apartment cleaned every week." Okay. I said he's rich. Okay, he has the money. "John had his apartment cleaned last week." Or: "John will have his apartment cleaned next week." Same construction: "has his apartment cleaned", "had his apartment cleaned", "will have his apartment cleaned". Okay? Same concept in every single example. Let's take one last example. So, let's say a hotel-right?-they have many floors, they have to wash their windows regularly. But they don't do it themselves; they hire a company to do that, a window-washing company. So we could say: "The hotel has its windows washed every year." Right? Last year, we're talking about the past: "The hotel had its windows washed last year." Here we go. And future: "The hotel will have its windows washed next year." Okay? All right. tremendously. For more tips like that on improving your English quickly and effectively, subscribe to my YouTube channel so you can get regular videos. Okay? Thanks for watching. Bye for now.
English Prepositions: IN or ON?
http://www.engvid.com/ Is it ON Facebook, or IN Facebook? Did you read it ON the newspaper or IN the newspaper? In this short lesson, you will learn an easy trick to know when to use 'in' or 'on'. It's so easy, you'll never confuse these words again! Using English prepositions correctly can be hard. But after you learn this tip, you won't have any problems with 'in' and 'on'. Take the quiz ON our site: http://www.engvid.com/english-prepositions-in-or-on/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name is Rebecca, and today's lesson is about prepositions. Specifically, it's about the two prepositions: "in" or: "on". Okay? Now, I'm going to give you a useful tip so that you will know which one to use in certain kinds of situations. So let's look at the board. Okay, so what you need to decide is: are you talking about something that is written on paper or are you talking about something represented on an electronic device, for example? Okay? Let's look at some examples. You could say, for example: "I read it in a book.", "I saw it in a comic.", "I read it in the newspaper.", "in a magazine", or: "in an email". Now, even though email is kind of seen on an electronic device, it is regarded as a letter. And a letter used to be something that came on paper, and so we still use that expression, "in" when we're talking about emails. Okay? So things that come on paper or were traditionally on paper are with the proposition: "in". Now, of course, today, you can find books, and comics, and newspapers, and magazines which are called ezines, and email online, on computers, and we can read them on computers. But the preposition is kind of based on the fact that originally, they were all on paper, so try to think of it in that way and it will help you to decide. Now, when we look at electronic devices, we use the preposition: "on". So: "He was speaking on the phone.", "I saw it on TV.", "I read it online", or: "on the net", or: "on the internet". On my... "I was working on my computer.", "I was working on my laptop.", "I saw it on my tablet." Or: "I watched the video on engVid." So you can also use "on" when you're talking about a website. Right? So those are for electronic devices. Okay? And this was paper. So if you've got that clear in your mind, let's try some examples. So what would you say here? "__________ our textbook". I read it "in our textbook" or: "on our textbook"? What do you say? It's written, right, it's on paper, so: "in our textbook". "__________ the screen". I saw it... "on the screen". Good. "__________ the article". I read it... "in the article" or: "in an article". Okay? Usually article might be in the newspaper or in a journal. "__________ the poem". "in the poem" or: "on the poem"? "in the poem" again. Very good. "__________ the journal". "in the journal". "__________ the radio". "on the radio". Good. "__________ the letter". "in the letter". And the last one: "__________ the monitor". What would you say? "on the monitor". Okay? So we see, I hope you see how to use the prepositions: "in" and "on". There are many different ways in which we can use these prepositions, but when we're talking about something paper or something electronic, you now know what to do and which preposition to use. Okay? If you'd like some more practice on this, go to our website: www.engvid.com. Thanks very much for watching. Bye for now.
Grammar: Using THE with common and abstract nouns
An abstract noun is a word that means a general concept or idea, like "life" or "friendship". We can use "the" with common nouns, as in "the sky is blue". But can we use "the" with abstract nouns? For example, would you say "happiness is important" or "the happiness is important"? If you are not sure, watch this lesson to learn when to use "the" with general and abstract nouns. Don't forget to take the quiz afterwards to test your understanding! http://www.engvid.com/grammar-the-common-abstract-nouns/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Many English learners have trouble deciding when to use "the" or no "the", so I understand that problem, I know it can be a little bit confusing, but I believe that by the end of this lesson, you're going to find it much easier. Okay? So let's start with a little quiz first to see where you stand regarding that word "the". So, let's look at this first example. Should you say: "Life is beautiful." or "The life is beautiful."? Okay. Think about it. Decide. Another one: "Friendship is precious." or "The friendship is precious."? Which one is right? Think for yourself. We'll do one more, and then I'll give you the answers. "Happiness is important." or "The happiness is important."? Which one is correct? Do you know? How do you know? How do you decide which one is right? I'll tell you. When we're talking about something which is a general concept or idea, then we do not use "the". Okay? For example, let's take the first one. "Life is beautiful." Now, life is a general concept, so we do not need "the". So, this is the correct answer. All right? Not this. "Life is beautiful." Because life is a general idea, a general concept. Okay? We're not talking about anything specific. If we say: "The life of wise people is beautiful." that is something specific, and then we would be correct to say: "The life". Okay? But if we're just talking in general, then no "the". Let's look at the next example. "Friendship is precious." Again, friendship is a general idea or a general concept, so this is correct. Okay? In this example, this one was wrong. But if I said, for example: "The friendship between those two children is precious." then that would be fine, because now I'm specifying which friendship. Right? The friendship between those two children, so then it becomes specific, and then we would use "the". But in this example, this is correct. Okay? Just like this was, and this is wrong, because this is a general idea. Okay? Next one: "Happiness is important." By now you know, again, happiness is a general idea, a general concept, so this is correct. In this example, it would be wrong to say: "The happiness", because: The happiness of what? So, if we say: "The happiness of my family is important." that's fine. That's very good. That would be a perfect sentence. But in this case, we cannot say: "The happiness is important." because we didn't specify which happiness. Okay? So, in this case, that's wrong, and this is correct. Okay? Now, the same principle applies to these. See if you can figure it out. Okay? "I want to make money." or "I want to make the money."? Which one do you think is right? Are we speaking in general, or are we speaking specifically? Well, we are speaking in general right now, so this is correct, because we're just talking about money; we didn't say which money. I want to make money. Right? General idea. If I said, for example: "I want to make the money I need to pay my rent." that's specific, so then I could say: "the money", because I'm explaining after that which money. Okay? But in this example, no. Next one: "She wants to lose weight." or "She wants to lose the weight."? Is it general or is it specific? What do you think? It's still general. Good. By now you're getting really smart. "She wants to lose weight." is a general term. Right? We're just talking about weight in general; not any specific weight. But if I say: "She wants to lose the weight she put on during the holidays." that's specific, and then I need "the". Okay? But not in this example. So, last one here: "He needs to earn respect." or do we say: "He needs to earn the respect."? Is it general or is it specific? By now you know, you'll really know. It's general. Very good. Okay? Because we didn't talk about any specific respect; we're talking about respect in general. So: "He needs to earn respect." But if this was being used, it would be something like: "He needs to earn the respect of his peers." Peers are people your age. Okay? Or: "He needs to earn the respect of his employees." for example, or "of his parents". Then it becomes specific. Which respect? The respect of his parents, the respect of his employees. All right? So, if it was specific, then we could say "the", but when we're just talking in general, we don't need "the". "Life is beautiful.", "Friendship is precious.", "Happiness is important.", "I want to make money.", "She wants to lose weight.", "He needs to earn respect."
Can I? Could I? May I?
Should you say “Can I”, “Could I”, or “May I”? Learn exactly when to use each expression to ask questions politely in English. Be confident and correct when you ask permission or make a request in different situations: informal, semi-formal, or formal. Find out how to match your question and answer with the context. These modal questions are extremely common in English, which is why this is such an important lesson. Don’t miss it! Take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/can-i-could-i-may-i/ Next, watch this lesson about when to use "WHAT" and when to use "WHICH": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAKnC2kr1_I&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=22 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'm going to show you three simple ways that you can ask a polite question in English. Okay? Now, usually when we're asking a question, it's we're asking if we can do something or we're asking permission, or we're asking someone else to do something for us, in which case we are requesting that they do something. All right? And there are three key words that you can use for this purpose, but in different ways. So, let's look at what they are. All right. So, those three words are: "can", "could", and "may". Now, of course, you've heard those words before and I'm sure you use them as well, but let's be really sure when to use which one. So, it's very easy. We use "can" in more informal situations. All right? What do I mean by "informal"? For example, with your family or friends. All right? We use "could" in more semi-formal situations. "Semi-formal" means a little bit formal. For example, with your colleagues, people you work with. Right? With your hairdresser perhaps, with a salesperson in a store. All right? There we could use "could" so we kind of know that person or we don't know that person too well, but it's not a very formal situation. And the last is in formal situations when we use "may". So, what's a "formal situation"? Well, for example, if you're talking to a client, or a customer, or you're at an interview, then you want to be on your best behaviour, use your best manners, be very polite, be very formal and proper, and that's when we use "may". Now, there is a little difference in terms of the grammar of how we use these three words. So, with "can" and "could", we can use those two with all of the pronouns. So, we can say: "can I", "can you", "can we", "could they", "could he", "could she", "could it". All right? Can use those with all of the pronouns. But when we come to "may", we can only use it with "I" or "we". All right? "May I do this?" or "May we" - you can't really ask permission for somebody else so much, so this is... These are the two ways we use "May". All right? Sometimes you might hear it with one or two other pronouns, but really, these are the most common. All right? So that's what you want to be able to use so you can always be 100% right. Now, let's look at the same question and how it's different with the three words. All right? So, let's say I'm at home and I ask someone from my family: "Can I have some orange juice?" All right? So, there I'm using "can" because it's really informal. Now let's say I'm at the mall, I'm at the food court and I'm ordering some juice, so I say: "Could I have some orange juice?" All right? Slightly more formal. And now let's pretend that we're in a fancy restaurant and I'm ordering orange juice, so then I say: "May I have some orange juice?" Okay? Now, you could add the word "please" also, but with some of these it's already very polite, so you don't have to go overboard, you don't have to do too much, you don't have to always say "please", especially when you're asking for yourself. Okay? If you're requesting something that someone else do, then often we do add the "please" as well. Okay? Now, what are some of the responses? We're not really focusing on the responses in this lesson, but let me just tell you what would be the appropriate responses-positive responses and negative responses-to these questions. So, if someone said: "Can I have some orange juice?"-informal-the answer might be: "Sure, here you go." Or: -"Could I have some orange juice?" -"Yes, of course." -"May I have some orange juice?" -"Certainly." Okay? So you see that the formality of the question matches the formality of the answer. If it was negative: -"Can I...?" -"Sorry, we're all out." -"Could I...?" -"I'm sorry, we're all out." -"May I...?" -"I'm afraid we're all out." Okay? Same basic information, but represented quite differently. So now let's look at some more examples. All right. So, informally, we could say: "Can I help you wash the dishes?" That would be a really nice thing to say to someone. Okay. All right. Or: "Can you clear the table, please?" Now, you see here because I'm requesting something of someone else, it's perfectly nice and fine to say "please" at the end. Okay? "Can you clear the table, please?" What does that mean: "Clear the table"? […]
Where do I put the adverb?
Using adverbs is quite easy, once you know where to place them. Learn how in this short lesson, and improve your English immediately. Take a free quiz to test your understanding of the lesson at https://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-where-do-i-put-the-adverb/
Business English - How to expand your vocabulary
http://www.engvid.com/ Vocabulary is the key to effective expression in any language. In this lesson, you'll learn how to expand your Business English vocabulary faster than before.
Business English Vocabulary - CUSTOMER & CLIENT
http://www.engvid.com/ In your business, do you have customers or clients? What's the difference, anyway? Learn more in this short but informative lesson, then test your understanding by taking the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/business-english-vocabulary-customer-or-client/
"WHAT" or "WHICH"? Learn how to choose!
How do you know when to use "what" or "which"? It's easy! In this English grammar lesson, you'll learn which of these question words is more specific and limited and which is more general and wide. Watch this lesson now -- learn and remember forever! Once you learn the grammatical rule, it will be so easy for you that I think you can all get 10/10 on the quiz. What more could you ask for? TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/what-or-which/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you will learn how to ask better questions in English. Specifically, you'll learn when to use the question word "what" and when to use the question word "which". Now, is there a difference? Yes, usually there is, and it's a very easy difference to understand once I explain it to you. But maybe you already know the difference, maybe you already know when to use "what" or "which". Let's find out. So, do we say: "What colour do you like?" or should we say: "Which colour do you like?" Think about that for a minute, decide something. I'll tell you in a second. And here, do we say: "What colour do you prefer - red or blue?" or do we say: "Which colour do you prefer - red or blue?" Think about that. Got your answer? Okay, so let me tell you what we would usually say. Here we would usually say: "What colour do you like?" Why? Because we're asking: "Out of all the colours in the world, what colour do you like?" And here, we would usually say: "Which", okay? "Which colour do you prefer - red or blue?" Why? Because here we have a specific choice. All right? So let me summarize what the difference is. Okay? So, when we use "What", we use "What" to talk about things that are very broad or very general. So here, we used it to talk about general questions or very wide, broad questions. Okay? Where the number of options, the number of possibilities are unknown or very large. Okay? "Which" is much different, it's much more specific. Okay? So, we use "Which" when we have limited options, not wide. We use it when we have much more limited options. For example, here we said: "Red or blue?" It doesn't have to be only two. It could be three, four, it could be 10, but it's limited and not unlimited. That's the difference. "What" is used when we're asking about something general, and "Which" is used when we're asking about something specific. Now, just to explain, in this one, for example, I said that the probable answer is: "What colour do you like?" But if I showed you a card which had four colours, and now it's limited, right? So then I could ask you: "Which colour do you like?" because it's out of these four, so it becomes limited and not: What colour out of all the colours in the world? Okay? So, let's look at a few more examples so you can understand exactly how this works. All right, so let's look at some examples in a social context, in an academic context, and in a business context. Okay? So, for example, we could ask someone: "What do you want to do today?" Very general question. Out of all the things we could possibly do in this city, what do you want to do? Very broad. Right? Or: "Which movie do you want to see - Star Wars or Batman?" Now the choice is much more limited. Right? It's more specific, and that's why we used "Which". Do you see the difference between the broad and the narrow, between the general and the specific? All right, academically we could ask someone: "What would you like to learn?" Okay? Out of all the subjects in the world, what would you like to learn? So very general, very broad. Or: "Which class do you prefer - music or art?" Now, of course, again our choice is very limited between two. Again, the choice might be between more. All right? But here it's two. In a business context we might ask: "What are our options?" Okay? Out of all the different things we could do, what are our options? This is a very common question people ask in business situations, in business meetings, negotiations, and things like that. Right? Or: "Which conference are you attending, the one in New York or in London?" Again, a much more limited choice, and therefore we used "Which". All right? So, are you ready to try some on your own? Let's do that. Okay, number one, let's pretend that you're on a date and you want to get to know the other person so you ask them: "_______ kind of music do you like?" What should we say: "What" or "Which"? It's a very general question, right? So we say: "What", "What kind of music do you like?" Okay? Because there are all kinds of music; we didn't limit the options. All right, the next one, let's say you're thinking about learning how to play an instrument, so you go to a music store and you ask the salesperson: "_______ instrument is easier to learn - the guitar or the piano?" What do we say there? What should we say? I think we should say: "Which". Right? "Which instrument is easier to learn - the guitar or the piano?"
English Grammar - Are you bored or boring?
http://www.engvid.com/ I'm bored? I'm boring? Not sure of the difference? Better watch this lesson then, or you could be saying something rather rude about yourself!
Learn English Tenses: Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, or Present Perfect?
Are you sure which past tense to use and when? Do you understand why? Save years of English mistakes by watching this important lesson in which I teach you about past tenses. Discover your strengths and weaknesses in a few minutes. Then, follow my suggestions to master the grammar tenses you'll need to use more than any other in English. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/learn-engish-tenses-past-tenses/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this lesson is going to save you years of English mistakes. Why? Because it's a diagnostic lesson. In just a few minutes you'll find out what you know and don't know regarding the past tenses in English. And why is that important? For two reasons. First, you can focus on what you don't know and improve those areas and improve quickly, and second because the past tenses are among the most important tenses that we use in English. Okay? And at the end of the lesson after you've done the exercise and you find out what you might get wrong or right, I'll show you exactly how to improve, what you can do. Some simple steps. Okay? Let's get started. So, number one: "It rains all day yesterday." Okay? So these are all sentences in the past tense. Okay? There are four tenses we're covering: Past simple, past continuous, present perfect, and past perfect. Okay? So, all of these sentences have some mistakes. You try to find out: What's the mistake? If you know, then you know that part. If you don't, we'll see what to do. So: "It rains all day yesterday." What's wrong with that sentence? Okay. So, we're talking about yesterday so we know it's in the past, so what's wrong is here, this verb is right now in the present simple. It should be... It should be in the past. So then this sentence should be in the past simple. So if you didn't know that, then... Then you need to review the past simple. Okay? Number two: "Have you seen Maria last week? Have you seen Maria last week?" What's wrong with that sentence? Or that question, rather. Can you find the mistake? Okay, so the mistake is this: When we say: "Have you seen", that's which tense? Present perfect. But then we go on to say: "Have you seen Maria last week?" That's a problem, because when we use the present perfect tense, we cannot use a finished time with it. If you use a finished time, like last week, then you have to change this question and make it into past simple. For example: "Did you see Maria last week?" That's one way to fix that question. And the other way, if we wanted to keep it present perfect-right?-we would say: "Have you seen Maria this week?" for example. Okay? That... Of course, that has a different meaning, but if you're going to use this tense then if you have a timeframe you can only talk about time which is either still going on, like this week, today, this month, this year, and so on. Okay? So if you made a mistake here, remember to review present perfect. Okay? Just make a note of that. Next: "Gary studied when I arrived. Gary studied when I arrived." What's wrong there? There is a little mistake there, and it's here. Okay? This should be: "Gary was studying"-right?-"when I arrived". Now, "was studying" is past continuous. So, why do we need past continuous there? Because the action of studying takes some time. Right? It doesn't happen in one second. So he was studying, and studying, and studying, and then in the middle of this studying I arrived. "Arrived" doesn't take time, so "arrived" can be in the past simple tense. That's fine. I arrived, it's finished, it's over. But Gary was studying, and studying, and studying, and studying, and I came in the middle of that. Okay? So these are the kinds of things you have to know about these tenses in order to use them correctly. So, if you made a mistake here, remember to review past continuous. Remember at the end of the lesson I'll tell you exactly how you can review these. Okay? Next, number four: "When have you sent the email?" Okay? "When have you sent the email?" Okay. So, the problem here, again, is that the tense that's used is present perfect. But with present perfect we cannot use the word "when". If you use the question word "when", then you need to change this entire question to past simple. "When did you send the email?" Okay? "When did you send the email?" Because when I ask you that question you're going to tell me sometime in the past that's finished and over. So that's past simple, and not present perfect. So if you made a mistake here, you should really review past simple, but more importantly also, again, present perfect. Okay? A little bit of both. If you just said here: "Have you sent the email?" then it's fine and it's present perfect. Okay? But if you need to use the question word "when", remember to change it to past simple. Good. Number five: "Did you ever see this movie? Did you ever see this movie?"
Past Perfect Tense
http://www.engvid.com/ In this grammar lesson, you'll learn when and how to use the past perfect. It's much easier than you think. You may even start using the past perfect as soon as you finish watching the lesson. Try it, and see for yourself, then take the past perfect quiz at http://www.engvid.com/past-perfect-tense/
"AT ALL!" - How to make a strong point in English!
http://www.engvid.com/ Want to express a strong, negative opinion in English? Watch this lesson and learn how to use the expression "at all" to strengthen your point when making negative comments. An easy way to start sounding more natural in English. Take the quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/at-all/ TRANSCRIPT: Hi. My name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson I'm going to explain the meaning of a commonly used English expression, and that expression is: "at all". I'd like to thank Mitchelin from Columbia, one of our viewers on engVid, for suggesting this lesson. Okay? So, Mitchelin, this lesson is for you and also for all you other viewers out there. All right, so let's see how to use this expression: "at all". In order to understand it, let me read you a few sentences where I've used this expression, and you try to figure out if you can understand what it means and why we use "at all". "I don't like this music at all." "He doesn't enjoy his work at all." "She didn't understand the instructions at all." All right? So, what's going on here? Why did we use the expression "at all" at the end of these three sentences? After all, I could have said: "I don't like this music." So why did I say: "I don't like this music at all"? What do you think? Well, the reason I said: "I don't like this music at all." is because I was trying to emphasize or stress that I really don't like this music. Okay? So one way of doing that is by adding this expression, "at all", at the end of my sentence. Similarly, in the second one, I could have said: "He doesn't enjoy his work." All right? And that's a perfectly correct sentence. But when I said: "He doesn't enjoy his work at all." I mean he really, really doesn't enjoy his work. Okay? All right. So that's the expression, "at all". Now, there's another way in which you might see this expression being used. For example, if someone says: "Do you like spinach?" And you don't, you really don't like it for some reason, you might say: "No. Not at all, though I know it's good for us." Okay? So: -"Do you like spinach?" -"Not at all." All right? So that's another way in which you might see that expression being used. And one last point about this. Let's read this one: "I eat non-vegetarian food at all." Well, we can't use this expression "at all" in this way. Why? Because this is a positive sentence. And as you might have noticed, we can only use the expression "at all" in negative sentences. So, we cannot say: "I eat non-vegetarian food at all." You have to... You could only use it in a negative expression, like this one: "I don't eat non-veg food at all." That means I don't eat even a little bit. Okay? Because the expression "at all" means even a little, to the slightest degree. That means I don't like this music at all. I don't like this music even a little bit. Okay? All right, if you'd like to do a quiz on this and practice using this expression, please go to our website: www.engvid.com. And you can also leave comments for us there. So if there's a lesson or idea that you have, you have some suggestions, you can leave us some comments, and, who knows? We might be able to record a lesson for you. Thanks very much for watching. Good luck with your English.
Business English - Talking about your Responsibilities
http://www.engvid.com/ What are you responsible for? Who are you responsible to? Learn how to answer these basic Business English questions easily and correctly. Take a free quiz on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/business-english-talking-about-your-responsibilities/
Past Tense Regular Verb Pronunciation
http://www.engvid.com/ In this ESL lesson, I explain how to pronounce past tense regular verbs in English. You can see more of my videos and ask me questions at http://www.engVid.com
Polite English - WANT & WOULD LIKE
http://www.engVid.com/ Learn how to sound polite and respectful in any situation with this short, important lesson. A small change can lead to a big difference in the way you communicate in English.
Polite English - How to give advice
http://www.engvid.com/ Giving advice diplomatically is an art! In this lesson, you'll learn to use a key expression for making suggestions and recommendations to family, friends, and colleagues. The right way will earn you respect. The wrong way could cost you a relationship -- or your job! Take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/polite-english-giving-advice/
Common English Errors: Someone, Anyone, No one?
Someone? Anybody? No one? Not sure which word to use when? Watch this lesson and learn a few simple rules to end your confusion. Take a free English test on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/english-errors-someone-anyone-no-one/
Conversational English - Adjective Pairs - "Short and sweet", etc.
http://www.engvid.com/ Short and sweet? Loud and clear? Nice and warm? Get into the rhythm of the English language by learning 8 commonly-used adjective pairs to express your thoughts more clearly and powerfully. Then test your understanding with the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/conversational-english-adjective-pairs/
4 Grammar Mistakes: MYSELF, YOURSELF and Other Reflexive Pronouns
http://www.engvid.com/ In English, we call words like myself and yourself 'reflexive pronouns'. Learn how to master these important but confusing words with this grammar lesson. I'll show you how to avoid the four mistakes students make when using these special pronouns. You can test yourself with a free quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/reflexive-pronoun-mistakes/
How to talk about a topic intelligently
http://www.engvid.com/ Want to discuss a topic intelligently in English? Learn how to present your argument in three different ways. Improve your conversational and written skills in personal, professional, and academic life. http://www.engvid.com/how-to-talk-about-a-topic-intelligently/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson, I'm going to show you how to discuss or how to start discussing any subject intelligently. Now, when we start to discuss anything, you want to give the listener a frame of reference. We want to give the listener an idea what we're talking about. So the expressions that I'm going to show you will do just that; they will provide a context to discuss whatever you are talking about. Okay? So let's look at some of these common expressions. Okay, so I've divided them into three. Okay? I've divided them into three areas because they are slightly different in terms of the way they're structured. The first one is like this: "From a political point of view," okay? What I'm giving you here is just the introduction. Okay? After this comma, you need to say whatever your opinion is. But this is to give it a context and to tell your listener that you're going to talk about the political side, the politics of it. Okay? "From a political point of view," - you might say - "I believe we need a drastic change in the government." Okay? Or: "From an environmental perspective, I think", something. Okay? Now, you don't have to use: "I believe", "I think", "I feel", but you can. All right? "From a social angle, the people need change." "From a psychological standpoint," okay? And then you say whatever you need to say. "From a financial viewpoint," all right? So you see these expressions and words. Right? "Point of view", "perspective", "angle", "standpoint", "viewpoint". I can assure you that if you start speaking using some of these expressions, your English will be much, much improved and you'll sound a lot more intellectual as well. Okay? Also in your writing, also in academic writing. If you happen to be in university, you definitely want to use some of these expressions in your writing. Okay? Another technique you can use is this expression: "Technically speaking," all right? And then you talk about the technology of it. Or: "Philosophically speaking," or: "Professionally speaking," okay? And again, you can take any topic. All right? And express it in that way. When we say: "Technically speaking," or: "Philosophically speaking," it means when we're speaking about the philosophy of it. Okay? Or when we're speaking about it from a professional point of view. Okay? Same idea, different ways of expressing it. Last one is without: "speaking", just saying this word. "Historically," or: "Spiritually," or: "Educationally," or: "Academically," or: "Personally, I prefer to go to a relaxed movie." Okay? Or "funny movie", "I prefer to go to a funny movie rather than a horror movie." Okay? So, that's how you can use the word: "Personally," right? Or: "Personally speaking," right? So, these are three different ways in which you can discuss anything intelligently or give your opinion on something by providing first a frame of reference for your listener. If you want to have a little more practice in this, please visit our website: www.engvid.com. You'll find a quiz on this, as well as videos on many other topics in English. All right? Thanks for watching. Good luck with your English.